The kitchen is a special room with a specific microclimate. The floor should not only harmoniously fit into the chosen interior, but also be comfortable, durable, reliable and durable. What material should be laid on the floors in the kitchen, which is better: practical tile or high-quality laminate, traditional or liquid linoleum, or natural cork flooring? This article will help to review this issue in detail.
What floor do in the kitchen: coverage requirements
When deciding which floor is best for the kitchen, you should first take into account the characteristics of the microclimate of the room. This space is characterized by increased humidity, fluctuations in temperature, a significant amount of fat and soot, so the floor must be made of a material that tolerates all these negative effects.
Based on the purpose of the room, the kitchen is characterized by the presence of various kinds of pollution associated with the process of cooking, so you need to quickly and easily wash the floor, and this should not adversely affect its appearance. It is required that the material does not absorb moisture and fat contamination. The surface must withstand frequent exposure to cleaning products and brushes.
It is recommended that the flooring be resistant to mechanical stress, not be afraid of scratches and other minor damage that may occur as a result of frequent crowding of people in the room, movement of furniture, falling dishes and cutlery on the floor. The material must be durable, strong, resistant to aggressive effects and durable.
In addition to the necessary performance characteristics, it is necessary that the floor covering harmoniously fit into the chosen interior of the room. Its design can be concise, which will become the background basis for the rest of the interior elements, or bright, which will recreate the accent in the room.
The color scheme of the floor covering is required to be selected not only taking into account the stylistic direction in which the room is made, but also on the basis of its dimensions. For small kitchens, preference should be given to uniform, homogeneous and light materials that will not unnecessarily overload the space. Also here it is not recommended to use a combined coating that visually reduces the area of the room. In an overall kitchen of 3×3 size, the floor should be laid according to the zoning of the space, therefore it is necessary to use different materials that are harmoniously combined with each other according to texture and color.
When choosing a flooring in the kitchen, which is now presented in a wide range, it is recommended to study the features of each material and the feasibility of its use in this room.
Based on numerous reviews, the kitchen tile on the floor occupies a leading position among other coatings. Today, in the construction market it is presented in three types, where the products differ in the composition of the material and method of manufacture. Manufacturers produce ceramic, PVC and ceramic granite tiles.
In second place in the ranking of floor coverings for the kitchen is linoleum, which is characterized by practicality, durability and wear resistance. The product is made from natural or synthetic components.
As a flooring in the kitchen, you can use a laminate that combines strength and environmental safety. The product is presented in the form of MDF or MDF board, on which a decorative film is pasted with an imitation of valuable wood species. Next, the surface is covered with a protective layer to ensure the wear resistance of the material.
New-fashioned modern coating are self-leveling floors, thanks to which an extraordinary and unique floor surface can be created in the kitchen, which will be a highlight of the room. The most environmentally friendly cork floor is characterized by good technical and operational properties. Such material can be safely used for the kitchen.
Answering the question which floor is better for the kitchen, we conclude that ceramic tiles are in the lead. It is a practical, durable, environmentally safe, durable and inexpensive material that is presented in a wide variety of design solutions and colors. Today, you can pick up products that mimic all existing materials.
Clay and quartz fine sand are used as a raw material, due to which the percentage of slag, nepheline and feldspar shrinks is reduced, which subsequently has a positive effect on the structure of products. In the process of manufacturing, the material is subjected, under certain conditions, to a pressing and firing procedure.
Ceramic tiles for the kitchen on the floor are glazed and unglazed, with a smooth or ribbed surface. The product may be square or rectangular. The tile is made in different sizes and in a wide range of colors. The most popular sizes are 30×30 and 50×50 cm. The back wall can be rough or glass. For rooms with high humidity, it is recommended to choose the first version of products, because after laying the material, due to high adhesion, the probability of moisture penetration under the tile is excluded. The price of kitchen tiles on the floor is in the range of 300-1200 rubles.
The tile is characterized by high moisture resistance, resistance to aggressive detergents and cleaning agents, abrasion resistance, so when cleaning you should not be afraid for the aesthetic integrity of the coating.
Material differs in heat resistance, endurance to temperature differences and solar radiation. The use of quality material along with professional laying of tiles on the kitchen floor will provide a durable and reliable surface that can withstand significant loads and withstand mechanical stress. The floor tiles in the kitchen do not attract dust, which allows the surface to remain clean for a long time.
Along with numerous advantages, ceramic tile has its drawbacks. The material is characterized by a cold surface, which creates discomfort in further use, but in hot weather, this feature can be regarded as an advantage. Therefore, it is recommended to install a warm floor in the kitchen with ceramic tiles, making the atmosphere in the room more comfortable during the cold season. A good practical and aesthetic solution is to combine tiles and laminate in the kitchen, which is clearly shown in the photo of the premises.
In order for the flooring to be durable, it is necessary to properly and efficiently perform tile laying on the kitchen floor. If air gaps remain between the product and the base, this will contribute to the detachment of the material and its further cracking. It will be extremely problematic to pick up and replace damaged fragments, since the tiles are of the same type, but from different batches it can be outwardly different.
When choosing tiles for the kitchen floor, you should consider the technical indicators of the product, such as wear resistance class, degree of hardness, friction coefficient and chemical resistance class.
Important! Do not lay wall tiles on the floor, since this product is characterized by lower strength and increased abrasion.
The tile can belong to one of five classes of wear resistance, which is assigned to the product after determining the number of revolutions of the abrasive wheel on the surface of the element until signs of abrasion appear on the material. The higher the PEI, the stronger the product. For the kitchen, choose models PEI III, PEI IV. The strongest are products of PEI class V, but they are intended for public crowded places. To buy such tiles for the kitchen is not economically feasible.
The value of the degree of hardness of the product indicates the level of material resistance to impact, scratches and other mechanical damage. This indicator is determined by the Mohs scale. For use in the kitchen, it is necessary to give preference to models with a degree of hardness of at least seven.
The coefficient of friction indicates the possibility of using the material for a particular room, so as not to cause traumatic situations. For the kitchen, it is recommended to choose tiles with a friction coefficient of at least 0.75%, marked with at least R10. Such material can be applied in rooms with high humidity.
Be sure to consider the ability of the material to resist the aggressive effects of chemicals, which determines the class of chemical resistance of tiles. For the kitchen, it is necessary to choose products of class AA, which indicates the absolute resistance of the material to chemical attack and eliminates the appearance of visible damage on its surface.
Helpful advice! To significantly save money, you can use tiles with a chemical resistance class A and B.
Manufacturers produce several types of ceramic tiles on the floor in the kitchen, photos of the design of the premises clearly reflect this. The monocottura is represented by products coated with enamel. Due to the fact that the single-firing of raw materials is used in the production process of the tile, the coating is firmly connected to the bearing surface of the tile. This contributes to the creation of material resistant to mechanical and chemical adverse effects.
The bicotture is made as a result of double firing of the material, due to which the product is brittle. Next, an enamel coating is applied to the tile, which is characterized by abrasion resistance. Despite the low cost of the material, it is not recommended to use it as a kitchen floor covering.
There is no clear answer as to whether it is better in the kitchen – laminate or tile, self-leveling floor or linoleum. Each material has its own characteristics, which should be guided in the first place. Among the wide variety of color and design solutions, you can choose the appropriate option that will correspond to personal preferences and pricing.