Accommodation in country houses and cottages is accompanied by some difficulties with electrification, heating and water supply. For owners of such sites, a pumping station for a private house can become a solution to one of the problems: in this case water is supplied by pumping water from the well. The equipment maintains the required level of pressure in the pipes of the plumbing system. This ensures a constant flow of fluid.
The feasibility of buying a pumping station for a private house
Pumping station – a complex of devices that provide uninterrupted water supply. All components of the equipment work synchronously. As a result, the water rises from the depth, and then is fed into the house under a certain pressure.
This type of equipment is usually installed:
- in country houses;
- in the cottages;
- in country houses.
Possibilities of pumps to increase the pressure of water in a private house involve pumping fluid from wells or wells.
If there is a water source such as a well or a well at the site, the well pump of the submersible type can serve as the most traditional equipment option. But at the slightest drop in the water level there are failures in the work of the device, because of which it becomes impossible to use plumbing in the house. For this reason, it is recommended to buy a pumping station for private houses. They are equipped with storage tanks for backing up a certain amount of water.
Important! The surface of the water in the well or well should not be deeper than the mark at 9 m. The station located on the surface will not be able to lift the liquid from a greater depth. In such situations it is better to use submersible pumps.
The classification of pumping equipment is carried out on the basis of many signs.
The main types of stations:
- systems equipped with volumetric pumps;
- systems equipped with various types of water lifts.
There are other types of equipment based on the following characteristics:
- the installation site of the pumps (equipment with head or positive suction height);
- station placement in the well (partially buried systems or surface);
- control type (remote, manual, automatic).
Manual control type assumes that the device is turned on / off manually. Control of remote equipment is carried out at the expense of a control center located at a remote distance. Automatic systems are controlled by special devices. Their advantage is the absence of the need to constantly monitor the operation of the equipment and be near it.
The general classification provides for the existence of household and industrial systems. Industrial equipment has an increased indicator of power, strength and performance.
Pump systems are used in many areas. Most models work with minimal or no impurities. The drainage system performs the pumping of contaminated fluid.
Unlike industrial equipment, which can be firefighters, pump-filtering, modular or hydraulic, prices for household water pumping stations for a private house are much lower. Distinctive characteristics are also performance and functionality. Scope of application extends to farms and country houses where watering of gardens and kitchen gardens is carried out.
Helpful advice! Do not buy for a country house or suburban area high-power equipment. This will entail only extra costs. The choice should be based on the needs of the territory and select the appropriate parameters.
Types of household water pumping stations for private homes:
Multistage pumping station powered by wheels. Through them there is a movement of fluid in the pipeline system. The water pressure is completely dependent on the total number of heads of the elements present. The power of the wheel has an effect on how much the fluid pressure will increase with each successive stage.
This type of equipment may have a surface type of placement. There is also an option to dive into a well, a well.
The advantages of the system:
- low noise level;
- high efficiency;
- dispensing large amounts of water;
- clear scheme of operation;
- simple service system.
Models equipped with a remote-type injector can take water at a depth of 45 meters.
If you plan to not permanent, but seasonal residence in the country (for example, only in summer), it is best to purchase a vortex or self-priming pump option. At the same time, the cash costs are less, although other types of equipment lose to the multistage system in terms of functionality and noise indicators.
Self-priming pumping devices are one of the varieties of centrifugal type systems. Their installation is performed on the surface. There is no need to fill the water intake pipe. The maximum depth of the water intake is 9 meters.
Scheme of action:
- the case and the suction pipe are filled with liquid;
- the impeller starts to move;
- the action of centrifugal force causes water to go beyond the peripheral zones;
- due to pressure, the fluid moves into the pipeline;
- the pressure in the central part of the wheel begins to subside and fluid enters the body through the water supply.
Uninterrupted water supply in this case is due to the constant repetition of these actions. Work efficiency does not decrease even in the presence of oxygen bubbles in the water.
The main disadvantage of the device is a high noise level during operation. Scope of application extends to construction and agricultural facilities, summer cottages.
The second name of the vortex pumps – dynamic pumps. The functionality of the devices is based on a special method of pumping fluid using blades. These elements are characterized by a radial or angular location on the impeller. The maximum depth is 7 meters.
The design has a lot of advantages. With dimensions like that of a centrifugal pump, which increases the pressure in the water supply system, the vortex type of the station is able to form the pressure of a liquid nine times stronger.
Note! Many manufacturers give this type of construction self-priming. Such systems can perform efficient work even on a gas-liquid mixture.
A significant drawback is the low rate of performance. Efficiency is in the range of 35-40%. Therefore, it is impractical to use a device with high power.
The mechanism is not able to pump viscous mixtures. There is an increased sensitivity to abrasive particles of large size. If there are impurities in the water, this will cause permanent blockages, which causes premature wear.
The main feature of pumping stations is their configuration. The devices are equipped with a surface pump, allowing to work with wells of small diameter.
Household pumping stations offer a list of advantages:
- the use of this equipment allows to achieve the required pressure in the pipes;
- An extensive range makes it possible to select a system to provide the necessary parameters (pressure, water volume, etc.);
- even the most budgetary options are able to cope with the implementation of the tasks;
- due to the presence in the design of the tank for the accumulation of water, there is no need to install additional capacity;
- devices are dependent on electricity, but when it is turned off the water supply does not stop immediately;
- operation of water heaters is supported in uninterrupted mode;
- the design can be used not only for supplying clean water to the house, but also for watering a vegetable garden or garden on the garden plot.
The cost of a water pump that increases the pressure depends on the functionality, power, quality and specific manufacturer.
Cost of home appliances:
|Station type||Minimum cost, rubles|
In order to choose the optimal model of equipment, it is necessary to get acquainted in detail with the principle of operation of the station, its internal structure.
Note! The manufacturer specifies the maximum possible parameters in the product manual. These figures will not be valid. They are possible only under certain conditions and reflect only the maximum of the capabilities of which the station is capable.
The complex of devices can include two kinds of the pump. The remaining components of the structure are:
- membrane pressure tank;
- dry running relays for pumps;
- pressure gauge;
- grounding terminals;
- fitting adapter;
- storage tank for liquids.
This design is bulky, and the adjustment of the water in the tank is controlled by a float. As soon as the level of a liquid decreases, pumping begins automatically.
Submersible pump for a well with automatics: types and principles of operation. The principle of operation and the device of submersible pumps for wells and boreholes with automatic flow control.
The system has its drawbacks. The design must be placed in a heated room, make regular monitoring of the pressure level, check the effect of automation. The non-return valve for water for the pump also creates certain inconveniences. Together with the storage tank, it needs regular cleaning.
There are a number of parameters that characterize the uninterrupted operation of devices, their quality.
These parameters include:
- sensors to monitor the availability of water;
- suction depth;
- pressure indicator;
- capacity of the membrane tank (its volume).
Natural water sources are sometimes drained. In such cases, the operation of the circulating pump to increase the water pressure is idle. In the end, the equipment finally fails. In order to avoid serious damage, you should initially select the correct equipment for the suburban area. Best suited system, complete with a determinant of water in the tank. If the natural source is depleted, the device shuts off the pump.
Such an indicator as the pump power is controlled by the pressure level in the entire system. The transmission distance of the fluid depends on it (the maximum distance that water can move).
Tip! Manufacturers offer two ways to improve the efficiency of the system. Due to the automation, an optimal pump operation is achieved (on / off). Devices equipped with a large-capacity membrane tank can maintain the required level of pressure for a certain time period.
Selection of equipment should be based on the following parameters:
- Debit (the amount of fluid in the well, where water will be taken). It is unacceptable that the pump performance exceeds this figure.
- The required amount of water per hour. Taking into account this parameter, equipment performance is selected.
- Well depth If this parameter does not exceed the mark of 9 meters, the installation of any device is possible. Otherwise, you should think about how to choose a deep well pump for your home. A station with a remote-type injector is also suitable.
- Correspondence of the volume of the hydroaccumulator to the consumption level. If you make the right choice, you can extend the effective service life of the device.
- The distance separating the points of water consumption and its intake.
When buying equipment for arranging a country site, many consumers first of all base their choice on the cost of products, the reliability of its manufacturer.
There are other criteria, for example, the materials of which the accumulator and the pump are made. Protection against overheating and dry running will also not be superfluous. The manufacturer of pumping stations Alco provided for this.
In pumping designs, power is fundamental. In household units, this figure is in the range of 600-1500 watts. Drilling companies involved in the organization of the water source, enclose the accompanying documentation. It contains recommendations regarding equipment.
To ensure a stable water supply country house, it is enough to purchase a pump with a capacity in the range of 3000-6000 l / hour. For seasonal living in the country will be enough and 0.6-1 m? / Hour.
The storage tank may have a different volume. Its size is determined on the basis of how much reserve water a country house needs in the event of failures when taking water from a well or turning off electricity.
For the manufacture of accumulators manufacturers use:
- cast iron;
The performance of a household or sewage pumping station for a private house, its reliability, durability and noise level during operation depend on the properties and characteristics of the material. The most budget considered tanks made of plastic. They have a short lifetime. The cost of cast iron elements is much higher. And the most optimal equipment in terms of price and quality is steel tanks.
The function of monitoring dry running and overheating protection are additional advantages of some units.
Note! The availability of these additional features greatly increases the cost of installation. But if it is planned to install a pump that increases the pressure in the system of a detached house with an increased level of water consumption, such costs will be justified.
The dry-running control function turns off the pump if there is no liquid in the supply system. The mechanism is designed to protect the engine from premature wear and damage. Protection against overheating also blocks the operation of the unit if the pump is gaining too much momentum.
Both of these functions will ensure the long-term use of equipment that is part of an autonomous water supply system.
To achieve additional comfort and convenience for the operating conditions of a private house, it is recommended to purchase automatic pumping structures. The station will automatically turn on when the reserve tank is empty or stop when the tank is full.
Country house owners usually live in them seasonally. It is impractical and expensive to purchase serious stations for such sites. You can do with the use of pumps with manual control type.
When choosing installations, the last role is assigned to the manufacturer. Rating companies and product reviews will help to create a complete picture.
Domestic pumping stations are represented on the market by domestic and foreign manufacturers. The differences between them are in the functional content, warranty periods, materials from which the details and prices are made.
Price table (average):
|Device model||Producing country||Price, rubles|
|Wilo HMP 603 1||Germany||29,000|
|Wilo FMP303 EM / 2||Germany||14260|
|Wilo FWJ-202-EM / 2||Germany||7810|
|Quattro Elementi Automatico 801||China||6000|
|NeoClima GP 600/20 N||Russia / China||5600|
|AL-KO HWF 1000||Germany||6200|
|VMtec Altera Auto 5/5||Germany||27,000|
|VMtec Altera Auto 9/4||Germany||29800|
|Pedrollo JCRm 15M-24 CL||Italy||14,500|
|Pedrollo JCRm 1B-24 CL||Italy||12,000|
|Karcher BP 7 Home & Garden series Ecologic||Germany||16300|
|Karcher BP 4 Home & Garden series Ecologic||Germany||11690|
|Jeelex Jumbo 70/50 N-50 N House||Russia||14,000|
|Jeelex Jumbo 50/28 H-24||Russia||3950|
|Jeelex Vodomet PROF 55/75 House||Russia||19900|
Many models of domestically produced systems can create serious competition to higher cost European stations. The correct choice of parameters will allow you to purchase effective equipment.
Features of the pump to increase the pressure in the water supply from the brand NeoClima
The model pump GP 600/20 N from the brand manufacturer NeoClima is convenient and easy to operate.
Important! The system is suitable for installation only on those summer areas where high water pressure is not required. The capacity of the pump is only enough to satisfy the needs of two consumers.
The unit is suitable for organizing water supply from a well. The installation design is beneficial for owners of areas where there is no possibility to complete the well. The material for the manufacture of the working chamber and the pressure section was stainless steel, so the risk of corrosion is minimal. The station can provide water for various needs (cooking, washing). Needs installation of a check valve. Power – 600 watts.
The disadvantage of the model lies in its structural flaw. The power cord is short and the hose connecting the tank and pump is very thin.
A brief description of:
|Maximum efficiency||3 m? / Hour|
|Fence depth||8 m|
|Liquid head||35 m|
|Storage tank volume||20 l|
The pump is turned on frequently. The design is reliable enough to carry out effective work without breakdowns for a long time.
Overview of the pumping station from the company AL-KO
The connection scheme in the private house of the AL-KO pumping station HWF 1000 has its advantages.
At the expense of an additional complete set this system provides the increased comfort:
- the coarse filter performs the cleaning of the liquid from leaves, sand particles and other contaminants;
- non-return valve prevents pressure reduction;
- the “dry run” system turns off the pump when there is no water.
The hydroaccumulator is made of modern material – polypropylene. Despite the apparent fragility, plastic parts endow the equipment with all the necessary characteristics.
A brief description of:
|Maximum efficiency||3.2 m? / Hour|
|Fence depth||9 m|
|Liquid head||40 m|
|Storage tank volume||20 l|
Note! The plastic tank may be damaged as a result of the structure falling or accidental impact. During installation, care should be taken to avoid damage to the device.
The optimal operating point, where the most efficient intake of fluid is produced, is in the range of 25-30 meters.
Features of Quattro Elementi equipment
Among the Chinese-made Quattro Elementi pumping stations, the Automatico 801 is one of the most sought-after designs. In the system configuration there is no check valve and filter for suction. Consumers have the opportunity to purchase these parts in addition.
This ends the drawbacks of the device. The advantages of the model include efficiency, which manifests itself even when working in intensive operation mode. The guaranteed work period is at least five years.
A brief description of:
|Maximum efficiency||3.2 m? / Hour|
|Fence depth||8 m|
|Liquid head||40 m|
|Storage tank volume||20 l|
The operation of the unit has some features. If there is frequent power cuts at the site, it is recommended to purchase and install an additional accumulation tank. It is desirable that he had large volumes.
After selecting and purchasing a pumping station, it is installed and started. The service life depends on how well the installation work is performed.
Tip! Use accessories to ensure that the automatic pump is properly installed.
Before installing the equipment, you should take care of the availability of additional equipment:
- Non-return valve – it allows liquid to flow to the pump, prevents backflow of water into the natural source (installation is allowed not only at the end of the tube intended for suction, but also in front of the pump itself).
- Water filter – prevents particles of sand and other contaminants from a natural source from entering the body part of the structure or a storage tank.
- Voltage regulator.
- Relay for the “dry run” protection system (its installation is necessary to prevent overheating of the pump in cases when the liquid level in the natural source decreases; in the absence of the relay, the pump will perform air pumping and overheat, causing a breakdown).
- Pressure switch – monitors the modes of operation and pressure in the storage tank.
- Automation – a device with the capabilities of a pressure switch and protection system “dry run”.
The choice of location of the station is dictated not only by the distance to the source, but also by the depth with which the water will be taken. Usually units are installed inside the premises. There is a problem of large distance of the pump from the well, which affects the depth of suction.
The formula for calculating the actual depth of the fluid intake:
0.1 x L + H = max 8 m
- L is the distance between the device and the well;
- H – the depth of placement of the water mirror in the source;
- max 8 m is the maximum permissible calculation result.
Helpful advice! If the result of the calculation exceeds 8 meters, the unit should be moved closer to the source. Permitted installation in the pit. Be sure to protect it from moisture and cold. Another possible solution is to install a submersible deep well pump.
Step-by-step installation scheme is as follows:
- Installation of equipment on the prepared surface. Align the installation area beforehand. It is recommended to perform fixation of the structure in order to exclude its movements during the work.
- The formation of the incoming line. The minimum immersion depth of the suction tube in water is 0.3 meters. The second side is attached to the pump. Be sure to observe a slight bias in relation to the source.
- Liquid filling inlet line and pump. Water enters the outlet or filler hole, respectively.
- Connection to the pressure station. The air pressure in the reserve tank is adjusted.
To check the operation, the system is switched on to the power grid (socket). At this point, the pump should start and begin pumping fluid. As a result, water fills the line and storage tank. The system should shut off automatically when the pressure level reaches 2.5-3 atm. After that, the pump off / on should be adjusted.
Even the cheapest stations today can offer consumers excellent features and capabilities. Modern range allows you to choose the best unit for any needs. At observance of all requirements of installation and further operation the design will be able to serve for 5-7 years.