Ultraviolet lamp for home use: the choice of device

This article discusses in detail the properties and features of such a device as an ultraviolet lamp for home use: a complete classification of existing devices, the appointment of lamps, their advantages and disadvantages, as well as recommendations that allow you to choose a useful device for the house or make it yourself.

Ultraviolet lamp for home use: the choice of device

Ultraviolet lamp for home use: scope

In moderate doses, the human body needs ultraviolet radiation, contributing to the production of vitamin D. Under normal conditions, it is enough to take sun baths to compensate for the deficiency of this vitamin in the body. But in the winter time the sun is not so much. However, it is enough to buy an ultraviolet lamp for home use to solve this problem.

In the cold season, ultraviolet irradiators effectively eliminate the deficiency of vitamin D in the body. Of course, home appliances are not able to become a full replacement for the sun, however, they bring considerable benefits, beneficially affecting the immune system, strengthening it. Lamps are widely used for prophylactic purposes in order to prevent the development of rickets in young children.

Ultraviolet lamp for home use: the choice of device

Experts strongly recommend buying a UV lamp for homes for families with frequently ill children. This device is intended for local therapeutic prevention of diseases, as well as for disinfection of residential premises. For local processing, special tubes are used, which are included in the standard package of lamps.

Note! After applying some light bulbs, a slight tan may appear on the skin. Of course, using a home UV lamp can not achieve a full tan, as is usually the case in tanning beds. Therefore, the probability of developing oncological diseases is excluded.

Quartz ultraviolet lamps are devices, the material for the manufacture of which is quartz glass. It transmits only rays in the ultraviolet spectrum.

Bactericidal properties of ultraviolet rays – not the only advantage of such lamps. Devices are widely used for various purposes:

  • disinfection of premises;

Ultraviolet lamp for home use: the choice of device

  • drying nails after a manicure procedure;
  • giving the skin an attractive tanned shade;
  • disease prevention.

The instructions from the manufacturer, which is attached to the lamp, are detailed:

  • properties of each of the nozzles;
  • features of the use of nozzles;
  • allowable exposure to UV rays to achieve a certain effect;
  • radiation spectrum of the device.

Doctors recommend to buy a bactericidal lamp for the prevention and treatment of:

  • ARVI, colds, flu;
  • inflammation of the ears, throat, nose;
  • skin diseases (psoriasis, eczema);
  • ulcers and ulcerative damage to the skin;
  • joint diseases;
  • wounds that are difficult to heal;
  • rickets;
  • neuritis;
  • gynecological diseases (prescribed by a doctor).

Ultraviolet lamp for home use: the choice of device

Despite the positive effect of ultraviolet rays, their effects on humans should be moderate. Therefore, you should choose a device that meets your needs.

Note! Depending on the material from which the glass bulb is made, the following types of UV lamps are distinguished: amalgam, bactericidal, and quartz.

There are several classifications of UV devices. The first thing you should pay attention to is the principle of ozone formation, since not all devices are allowed to be included in the presence of people.

According to the principle of ozone formation, there are:

  1. Ozone-type lamps – in the room where the included device works, ozone is formed as a result of the interaction between oxygen and UV rays. High concentrations of this element are harmful to humans. For this reason, the rooms where quartzing occurs should be aired frequently.
  2. Lamps without a zone type – the flask of the device is made of quartz glass with a special protective coating, due to which during the irradiation process ozone is not released.

Ultraviolet lamp for home use: the choice of device

On sale you can find portable models that can be easily transferred from one room to another. Stationary devices are most often used in medical institutions for the disinfection of premises. Such designs have large dimensions.

According to their purpose (principle of operation), lamps with ultraviolet radiation are:

  1. Closed – designed to handle a particular object. They are also called recirculators. These lamps can be turned on in the presence of people.
  2. Open – ultraviolet light from a working lamp is scattered throughout the room. At this time, neither people nor animals should be in the room. These ultraviolet lamps are used to disinfect the premises.
  3. Specialized – devices can have both domestic and medical purposes. They are used as physiotherapy for the treatment of diseases, including colds. Complete with goggles. These lamps can also be used to tan the skin.

For home use most often used specialized UV devices. According to the type of mounting, table and floor type quartz lamps are distinguished, as well as mounted ones.

Ultraviolet lamp for home use: the choice of device

The strongest radiation has a device equipped with a quartz bulb. Such an irradiator produces ozone that has an antimicrobial effect.

Note! Ultraviolet rays (100-320 nm) can kill all living microorganisms.

Ultraviolet radiation can destroy such microorganisms as:

  • insects;
  • mold spores;
  • ectoparasite eggs;
  • bacteria that are in a dormant state;
  • dust mites.

The only drawback is that disinfecting treatment is carried out only superficially. Rays are not able to penetrate deep into the plaster on the walls, furniture upholstery. To combat various types of parasites, a certain level and time of exposure is required.

Ultraviolet lamp for home use: the choice of device

It takes less time to kill sticks and cocci. Much more time needs to be spent on eliminating the simplest microorganisms, spore varieties of bacteria and fungi. The quartz treatment procedure is effectively applied to fight the avian flu virus. For complete sterilization of the room takes at least 20 minutes.

But do not overdo it with disinfection. Neighborhood in the form of bacteria is to some extent necessary to man. The immune system of young children develops through self-control of infections and microbes. If a child grows up in a completely sterile environment, hitting a kindergarten or school, he will definitely be sick. And this will happen more often than if his maturation were happening in the natural environment.

Things are different if there is mold in the house or someone from the family is sick. In this case, you should definitely buy an ultraviolet lamp to disinfect the premises.

To determine the choice of the device, it is necessary to understand what purposes the lamp will be used.

Ultraviolet lamp for home use: the choice of device

If there is a need to purchase a bactericidal lamp for disinfecting a room, it is worthwhile to stay on an open-type device, but with some reservation. Purchase of this device will be expedient if there is an opportunity to eliminate plants, animals and people from the processed premises. As a result of processing on all surfaces microorganisms will be killed, so you can safely handle the housing in which there is a sick adult or child. Of course, in their absence.

Note! Open appliances that can work in the presence of people are necessarily equipped with a protective screen.

UV lamps for disinfecting confined spaces and surfaces are also on sale. For example, refrigerators or the inside of the cabinet. When choosing a lamp, be sure to consider the size of the room where the treatment will be carried out. The choice of a mobile or stationary structure (wall) depends on whether the lamp is moving.

Equally important is the brand of the manufacturer, the availability of warranty service, technical characteristics of the lamp. Before purchasing the device, it will be useful to read consumer reviews.

Ultraviolet lamp for home use: the choice of device

If you buy a small lamp, equipped with nozzles for processing the ears, nose and throat, it can be used to process the room, after removing all the tubes. However, the area of ​​action will not exceed 3 m. This will be enough to disinfect a bathroom or a baby cot, but not the whole room.

Amalgam bactericidal lamps – a new generation of devices. In them, liquid mercury is replaced by a solid coating. Amalgam is an alloy consisting of bismuth, indium and mercury. When the device is turned on, the current heats up the amalgam, as a result of which mercury evaporates and emits radiation. Ozone is not released in the process, but the bactericidal efficiency of the lamps is very high.

Note! Mercury in the flask is in a bound state, therefore, in case of accidental damage to the lamp, the surrounding people will not suffer much. To eliminate the consequences, it is enough to sweep and throw away the splinters, as well as to wash the area around the device with water. Splitting a burning lamp is more dangerous, but it does not have serious consequences for human life and health. In this case, the fragments are removed, and the room is well ventilated.

Ultraviolet lamp for home use: the choice of device

Amalgam coated flasks are not prone to darkening with time, so the lamps retain their efficiency and stability throughout the entire life cycle. For comparison, you can take the usual germicidal lamp with mercury or quartz. Gradually during the operation, their flasks are covered with bloom, which is why the maximum service life is 8000 hours. While the amalgam lamp is able to work continuously for 16,000 hours.

Standard germicidal lamps belong to the category of gas-discharge devices. They are distinguished from quartz by the material used in the manufacture of the flask — instead of quartz glass, they use UVIOL. It detains the aggressive radiation forming ozone. They are distinguished from amalgam lamps by the presence of mercury in a free state. This type of devices is absolutely safe for processing apartments, but less effective than quartz lamps.

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