Until recently, interior doors were used for bathrooms and toilets. However, modern interior design rules are different from previous ones. According to the new standards, the doors for these premises should differ both in design and in special qualities. Let’s try to figure out how to choose the optimal model and correctly install the door to the bathroom and toilet.
Door to the bathroom and toilet: selection criteria
What doors to put in the bathroom and toilet – the question is not as simple as it may seem at first glance. The traditional choice of users is to use wood or materials based on it for the doors to the bathroom and toilet. Photos of the interiors of the bathrooms, decorated with wood, perhaps the most common on the repair and construction and design portals in the network.
When choosing, you need to take into account the requirements for bathroom doors:
- resistance to almost constant exposure to moisture and temperature changes during bathing or using a shower;
- the ability to retain heat in the bathroom and provide good sound insulation;
- convenience and ease of operation and maintenance of cleanliness.
The Russian market offers a wide selection of interior doors, suitable for installation in bathrooms. They vary in design, type of opening, material of manufacture and, accordingly, cost.
Fiberboard – fiberboard, which is also called hardboard. Like MDF boards, MDF is produced from pressed dusty sawdust, but not dry, but steamed. Therefore, the thickness of the hardboard does not exceed 7 mm, and the doors are made of frame from it. A wooden frame is assembled from a wooden bar, the size of which corresponds to the size of the door to the bathroom and the toilet, and is fixed with glue between two MDFs.
Such a door can be finished in various ways: primed and painted, laminated, finished with veneer or PVC film, covered with paper or fabric and coated with varnish over it.
This is one of the lowest-cost options for installing doors in the bathroom and toilet, but mechanical damage to the coating at the ends will lead to moisture and steam on the frame, and ultimately to weakening the structure.
Chipboard is a material made from wood shavings or sawdust using the method of dry pressing at high temperature and pressure. Formaldehyde resins work as a binder in it.
It is one of the widely used in the manufacture of furniture, decoration plates, door panels, etc. materials. It is notable for ease of processing, durability, resistance to water and steam (while for rooms with high humidity there are varieties with enhanced water resistance) and the ability to hold different types of fasteners well (nails, screws, etc.).
In addition, bathroom and toilet doors made of laminated chipboard are a cheap and affordable way to improve the space of a typical apartment: you can imitate the structure of natural wood or other natural materials with the help of a laminated door leaf and embody various color solutions.
Tip! It is necessary to distinguish laminated plates from laminated ones. At almost the same cost, the laminated canvas is inferior to the laminated in durability.
However, the products from chipboard there are also disadvantages. First, the formaldehyde resins which are their part emit in the air not the substances most useful to health. And although there are types of chipboard and fibreboard, in which the emission (evaporation) of formaldehydes is quite low, you should refrain from this material in residential premises (especially if there are children among the residents).
Tip! When choosing doors of chipboard should pay attention to the labeling of the material. In the E1 type chipboard, the formaldehyde emission indicator is significantly lower than in E2. The letter B in the marking means increased water resistance of the plate. The upper limit of the thickness swelling of such a plate is 15% (in 24 hours).
Secondly, these plates are too hard, which greatly limits their decorative effect. They are practically not amenable to fine processing: deep milling and carving.
Thirdly, at present in Russia there is no production of fire-resistant chipboards, which include flame retardants. Fire-resistant plates of foreign production will cost the consumer much more expensive.
MDF is the abbreviation of the Russian translation of the English term Medium Density Fibreboard, that is, the small dispersion fraction. MDF plates are made of very small, almost dust-like, sawdust, fastened with lignin and paraffin, so MDF is an eco-friendly, soft and at the same time durable material.
Fact! The formaldehyde emission of lignin and paraffin is one of the lowest.
It is the softness that made it one of the favorite materials of modern interior design experts. It is amenable to the finest processing and has all the advantages of a solid wood, with more durable, waterproof and cheap. MDF also lacks such disadvantages of natural wood as anisotropic properties and a tendency to crack.
Due to this, MDF is widely used for the production of furniture facades, tabletops, products for interior decoration: from wall panels and floorboard to profile parts – and, finally, bathroom doors and toilets with boxes.
Fact! The strength of MDF boards is 1.82–2 times that of particleboard.
However, there are two points of view on the use of MDF in wet areas. According to the first, it is one of the most suitable materials. If you focus on the second – the doors from it are unsuitable for bathrooms, because they lack a laminated layer on the back side, because of which the door frame swells after a few days of operation.
In addition, MDF has another drawback – so far most of the products from this material are supplied to the Russian market by foreign manufacturers, therefore their price for the final consumer is quite high.
Wood is a traditional material for such interior elements as doors. The main property of the tree is to absorb moisture from the atmosphere saturated with water vapor, and give it to a dry atmosphere, promoting air exchange. But as a result of these processes, the door frame can lead.
You can resist this by using anchors and assembly foam to fasten it in the opening, and also by covering the wood with wear-resistant varnish, paint, wax or impregnating with oil. However, the paint layer, oil or wax reduce or even reduce the ability of wood to “breathe”.
Tip! For doors of rooms with high humidity, hardwood is best: oak or beech.
Accordingly, if there is an intention to put wooden doors in the toilet and bathroom, you will have to pay special attention to the ventilation. One of the ways to improve it is to make ventilation holes in the lower part of the door leaf.
Tip! In order to keep the attractive appearance of the wooden door as long as possible, it is necessary to maintain a protective coating while carefully caring for it. Alas, in most cases it will be expensive.
Before varnishing or painting, you should also apply an antiseptic to protect against mold and fungi.
Based on the foregoing, it can be concluded that it is preferable to use doors from other materials, including, instead of interior doors to the toilet and bathroom made of wood or its derivatives. artificial.
Metal or plastic doors in the bathroom have several advantages:
- durability – aluminum and plastic are resistant to temperature changes, the effects of water and its vapors, are not subject to rotting;
- moisture resistance – the shape and volume of the doors of these materials does not change from the effects of moisture;
- ease of care – plastic does not require special care products and efforts during operation. It is enough to periodically wipe the door with a sponge or cloth with detergent solution, sometimes complementing it with antiseptic;
- variety – with the help of modern finishing films pvc doors can be given any shade and structure.
Doors made of glass are almost an ideal solution to the question of which door to install in the bathroom and toilet, but they have several disadvantages:
- fragility. For the safe operation of doors, even from thick glass, it is necessary to cover their surface with a shock-resistant film. It will also help solve the problem of transparency – when using a tinting film;
- condensation. The formation of condensate on the glass surface, the temperature of which is lower than the temperature of the humid air in the bathroom, is inevitable. When it drains onto the floor, the condensate forms puddles, and when it dries out it leaves streaks and stains on the glass;
- complexity of care. Difficulties in the care of glass doors in the bathroom and toilet creates exactly condensate. You have to choose – either wipe the glass dry every day or endure the unattractive appearance of one of the main elements of the bathroom interior.
However, designer photos of glass doors for the bathroom and toilet look very advantageous.
Often the choice of design and method of installation of the door depends on its material, but there are also universal solutions. Consider them below.
In the apartments of the old layout, the bathroom is often located so that its door, being open, blocks the passage to the corridor or to the kitchen. However, in many cases it makes no sense to abandon the installation of hinged doors, since the decision to use another design may lead to the need to increase the width of the opening and even to redevelop the home.
Sliding doors to the bathroom and toilet can be made of all the mentioned materials. Given that the installation of a coupe door leads to additional costs of material and time resources, this is one of the best construction and design solutions.
Most folding doors (such as “accordion”) are made of plastic. They are light and comfortable, unpretentious to maintain and significantly free up space.