Technical characteristics of DSP slabs: dimensions, prices and properties made this material one of the leaders of modern construction. Consider in detail what the advantages and disadvantages of using this product, as well as in which areas this finishing material is most applicable. Also pay attention to the features of its selection and installation.
Characteristics of plates of TsPS: sheet sizes, thickness, weight and prices
Cement-bonded chipboard is a versatile material, the use of which for several decades has not lost its relevance. This is largely due to the environmental friendliness of the product, as well as a wide choice of sizes of DSP sheets.
It is worth buying a DSP also because its production and use is completely safe for the environment. In production, the process of mineralization is used and the emission of harmful substances and vapors into the atmosphere is completely excluded.
The cement-shaving plate consists of wood chips, portland cement and a whole range of special additives. The manufacturing process is the mixing of all these components with their subsequent pressing, and fermentation. Produce DSP plates in specially equipped plants, taking into account the many requirements and standards. Moreover, all products manufactured in the factory have corresponding certificates of conformity with GOST and a quality certificate.
In favor of use in the construction of DSP panels shows a lot of factors, including:
- multifunctionality – are widely used for exterior decoration of the house, for creating internal partitions, and also often DSP slabs for the floor can be found;
- this material meets all the norms and standards necessary for its full use in construction: resistant to significant temperature changes, frost, fire, is not a breeding ground for fungi, parasites, insects and rodents;
- in the manufacturing process, no impurities that are hazardous to health, such as phenol, asbestos formaldehyde resins, etc., are used;
- all materials have certificates and passports confirming the quality of products and their compliance with the requirements of GOST, so that when purchasing goods from a major manufacturer, you can be sure of your purchase;
- DSP slabs are then easily exposed to almost any finish – from painting and plaster to lining tiles or plastic panels;
- has noise insulation properties, with an index of up to 30 dB.
Helpful advice! DSP boards, although similar in their characteristics to wood, have greater strength, which makes their use preferable to wood.
The high strength index of DSP boards is ensured by their three-layer structure. The panels are made of two layers of fine chips located on the outer sides and a layer of larger particles hidden inside. So the product turns out to be more durable and not subject to bending on a bend. In addition, the material is smoother and more resistant to moisture, which greatly expands the possibilities of its use in the most difficult operating conditions.
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The only drawback of the cement-shaving slab is that in an aggressive environment its service life is about 15 years, which is quite a bit for a building material. But in order to extend the period of operation, you can create additional protection for the panels.
When choosing DSP panels, you need to pay attention to many characteristics, including the composition, properties specified in the product documentation, and dimensions: height, width and thickness of the plate, its ability to repel moisture, etc. Consider the basic requirements for this material, which are set according to GOST .
According to the norms, the composition of a quality slab should be as follows:
- 24% of the total mass of the product is wood chips;
- 8.5% water;
- 65% – Portland cement (which ensures the strength and durability of the product);
- 2.5% – impurities (water glass and aluminum sulphate).
All these numbers must necessarily be specified in the passport of the product, which is attached certificate of product certification. After all, the characteristics and application of DSPs are directly related to each other. It will not be out of place to read about the manufacturer of DSP boards reviews on the Internet before buying.
Prices DSP for sheet retail are determined depending on its size. In the production of DSPs, there is a so-called standard size of DSP plates, which is 3200X1250 mm. The thickness can vary from 10 to 40 mm.
According to GOST, deviations are allowed in terms of size (both the width and the length of the product). The thicker the plate, the greater the deviation is allowed both upwards and downwards. So, for panels with a thickness of 10 mm, the maximum deviation is 0.6 mm; 12–16 mm – 0.8 mm; 18–28 mm – 1 mm; 30–40 mm – 1.4 mm. However, the total error rate should not exceed 3 mm per item.
In addition to the size of the DSP, there are other technical indicators for which finished products are necessarily tested, for example:
- under normal humidity, the density of the plate should not exceed 1300 kg / m ?;
- water absorption rate should not be more than 16%;
- when air humidity is from 6 to 12%, DSP cooker should not swell more than 2%;
- the strength of the finished plate in tension should not be less than 0.4 MPa;
- for bending, the following standards are provided: for panels 10–16 mm thick – 12 MPa, 18–24 mm – 10 MPa, 26–40 mm – 9 MPa.
Government standards regulate everything, including even the degree of surface roughness of the slab. According to GOST 7016-82, the maximum allowable roughness index for panels that have been processed by grinding equipment is 80 microns. And for untreated plates, a limit of 320 microns is provided.
Price DSP for a sheet at retail differs depending on the size:
- the average price of DSP boards 10 mm thick is 900–1000 rubles;
- with a thickness of 20 mm – 1600-1900 rubles;
- on the panel with a thickness of more than 30 mm, prices start from 2000 rubles.
Helpful advice! Many manufacturers provide significant discounts for wholesale buyers, so it is better to calculate in advance how much material you need and place an order once.
Another important technical characteristic of DSP plates is weight, which directly depends on their thickness. For one unit of standard size 3200X1250 mm the following indicators are provided:
- DSP weight 10 mm – 54 kg;
- DSP weight 12 mm – 64.8 kg;
- DSP weight 16 mm – 80 kg;
- DSP weight 20 mm – 108 kg.
As can be seen from the proposed data, the weight of a 10 mm DSP is half the weight of a panel with a thickness of 20 mm. Therefore, to calculate how much the plate will weigh the length you need is a snap.
Manufacturing technology DSP panels are constantly being improved, trying to satisfy even the most complex customer needs. Thus, advanced technologies in this industry made it possible to manufacture ultra-thin plates up to 4 mm. The main advantage of such boards – they do not require processing on grinding machines, which significantly reduces their market value.
In addition, smooth embossed plates are very popular, the feature of which is that only the smallest particles are part of the raw material for their manufacture. This type is called a DSP panel for brick or DSP for stone. Such panels do not require additional treatment with special compositions or paints, and after purchase they are immediately ready for installation. They are used in many finishing works.
One of the most popular brands of DSP boards is Tamak. This company produces panels of various thickness – from 8 to 36 mm, and is in great demand in the market of building and finishing materials. Catalog of proposed DSP, reviews and prices for products can be viewed on the official website of the manufacturer.
Through the use of DSP plates in the construction provides additional insulation, which is so necessary in homes. For this purpose, the interior and exterior surfaces of the walls are sheathed and the floors are lined. More often cement-bonded chipboards are used for the construction of interior partitions. Due to its characteristics, this material is well suited for rooms with high humidity. No matter how difficult the operating conditions are to face, the DSP of the plate will surely survive its entire life cycle.
Convenience of laying DSP slabs on the floor – no need for complex subsequent surface finishing. A traditional primer and a water-repellent paint or a special composition would be quite enough. Such panels look very good and do not disturb with their appearance even the most demanding interior.
Of course, it is impossible to deny the importance of high-quality installation of DSPs, because if the plates are poorly attached and processed, their lifespan can be significantly reduced. Especially when it comes to particularly difficult conditions for the use of DSP panels.
There are many applications for DSPs, and this is largely due to the low cost of the material. However, its affordable price does not affect the quality, making the DSP panel an ideal solution to various construction issues. Using such plates as a rough finish for the floor, you get an additional thermal insulation layer, as well as a solid and durable base for further coating.
As the reviews confirm, the use of DSP plates for the floor fully justifies all of the above. This is a simple and inexpensive way to make the floor perfectly flat, with minimal amount of time and effort to work. At the same time, the price of DSP plates for the floor remains affordable even in the case of the most budget repair option.
Technology laying DSP on the floor provides for screwing to the crate. To do this, use self-tapping screws with a countersunk head, part of which is screwed into the base of the beam (20 mm in the case of using a wooden array and 10 mm for the steel array).
Particular attention should be paid to the expansion joint, since wood-based materials, including cement-bonded chipboards, are a little bit, but tend to expand under the influence of moisture.
The presence of expansion joints is required:
- if the coating has a large area;
- near door thresholds;
- near walls and any other vertical structures, such as columns;
- if you need to change the thickness or type of the floor, for example, create a vertical projection and so on.
In the creation of formwork DSP slabs also play a significant role. So, the use of these panels has a number of advantages:
- significant savings in the time allotted for the work;
- the possibility of creating more reliable designs;
- a significant reduction in the financial costs of construction work.
By itself, formwork from DSP panels looks like a complete element of architecture and does not require additional plating. In addition, these plates are often used as a budget material for the creation of window sills. However, in this case, the low cost is perfectly combined with an attractive appearance and exceptional technical properties. Due to this, the use of DSPs is popular in almost all areas of modern construction.
The thickness of the DSP for the floor, which is recommended by experts, ranges from 24 to 36 mm. Much depends on whether you will subsequently use additional finishing materials and which ones. In any case, it is best to consult a specialist immediately before making a purchase.
Buildings with a foundation finish with facade panels on a DSP have a perfect view. Houses look especially stylish if you use a DSP under the brick. The properties of plates of this type make it possible not to cover them additionally with special compositions, which makes this finishing option doubly convenient.
The thickness of the DSP plates that will be used for exterior decoration should be as high as possible so that the protective layer is as thick as possible. This will not only make the building look more attractive, but also create an additional barrier between the foundation and external negative factors that may affect it, such as rain, strong wind, etc. The photo of the DSP panels used for exterior decoration is widely represented in Internet.
Helpful advice! It is good to use DSP boards for the facade. Having selected suitable panels for the characteristics, it is possible to budget the whole house quite aesthetically and at the same time.
Another unusual option is a CIP panel from a DSP. They are two cement-bonded chipboard, between which there is a layer of insulation. This is all fastened with glue under great pressure. Therefore, the whole structure is very durable. Due to the high quality of the used insulation, SIP panels are absolutely clean and ecological material, which, moreover, has a high rate of fire safety.
This option is great for use in the construction of a private house, its finishing and insulation.
Helpful advice! CIP panels are used as the final finishing material and do not require further plasterboard plastering.
The modern market is filled with all sorts of building materials, among which other panel products are represented. However, few of them can compete with cement-bonded particleboards. The use of DSPs is so wide that, in one way or another, it penetrates practically all stages of construction. In addition, the environmental friendliness of the material, as well as its affordable price, of course, remain out of competition.