No matter how high-quality repairs are made in the house, unsuccessfully selected doors will spoil the whole picture. In the modern interior they play a special role. This is not just a functional element that separates one room from another, but also a picturesque detail of the situation. Interior compartment doors, photos of which are presented on the page, will be appropriate in homes of any size. In a small apartment they will save space, and in a large apartment they will bring individuality and diversity.
Types of sliding doors
The name “compartment door” means that the door leaf does not open to the side, but rides on rollers parallel to the wall. Currently there are several types of sliding structures.
The principle of opening and closing of doors is similar to the movement of curtains along the window. The canvas is hung on the ceiling or wall above the doorway. Sliding door occurs with a rail mechanism. The whole system is closed by a decorative box, which becomes an important element of the room layout.
Helpful advice! When planning the installation of a hinged structure, you need to make sure that there are no switches, sockets, protruding decorative parts on the working wall.
A distinctive feature of the technology is that the lower guide carries no load, or is completely absent. The canvas literally hangs on the rollers moving along the upper track. Products of the latest generation are equipped with synchronous opening or hitch mechanisms.
Before installation, you must check the strength of the walls. Suspended construction must withstand a weight of at least 80-100 kg. The presence of closers will ensure the smooth running of the door. Upper rail set strictly level. Even a small bias will lead to the fact that the canvas all the time will tend towards the slope. The aluminum door frame is preferred – the metal is not affected by humidity and temperature changes.
Advantages of hinged doors:
- The soft and silent course of a cloth. Do not slam the door, they are not afraid of a draft.
- There is no bottom rail, which eliminates the inconvenience of stepping over the threshold.
- Interior compartment doors (photo) visually expand the space of the room.
- Installation of an automatic system simplifies operation.
Among the shortcomings can be called a loose fit of the canvas to the wall. As a result, the door badly delays smells and sounds. The product is not suitable for bathrooms and kitchens.
All the difference from the hinged doors is that the suspension system is actually mounted in the doorway. The mount is not on the wall or ceiling, and embedded in the upper part of the opening. The lower rail is more often provided for in the suspended structure – this option is cheaper and more reliable. The rail can be drowned in the floor, so as not to hesitate about it, but then dust will be stuffed into the grooves. Over time, this will impede the sliding of the web.
When installing also pay attention to the perfect horizontal of the floor and the opening. Planes with deviations are pre-aligned. Otherwise, the door will move down the slope. You can, of course, install the clips. But in this case both the functional and the appearance of the structure will suffer.
This system is part of the wall. When opened, the canvas goes into a metal cassette mounted into the wall (as in an elevator). If the door is double, niches are arranged on both sides of the opening.
Helpful advice! Doors of toilet and bathroom rooms often go out into the narrow hallway. If you install a double cassette in the pier between them, the space in the corridor will noticeably increase.
Installation of a cassette system
Part of the wall is dismantled, and a special pencil case made of aluminum or galvanized steel is installed in its place. At the top and bottom of the niche there are guides along which the web moves. Further, there are 2 possible options: either the brickwork is being restored, or the cassette is covered with a sheet of plywood (drywall, chipboard, fiberboard). There should be no wiring, pipes and other communications in the wall.
Advantages of a cassette design: an inter-compartment door, the photo below, has good sound insulation. The door system is quite tight, does not require the installation of a decorative box, does not occupy a centimeter of usable area. Along the wall you can put any furniture. As disadvantages we can mention the high cost of the doors and the labor intensity of installation.
Helpful advice! It is necessary to obtain permission for dismantling work, especially if the wall is bearing.
The leaf of such doors consists of two shutters (book) or several (accordion). The leaves are interconnected by loops. When you open the door, the segments fold up like vertical blinds. The movement of the door is due to the roller located at the bottom of the first leaf. The upper part of the canvas is attached to the upper opening. The guide chute is hidden behind a decorative strip. The correctness of folding sections is governed by a system of synchronizers and stoppers.
The undoubted advantages of the design – low cost, compactness, ease of installation. If earlier cheap folding doors were put in the pantry and in the kitchen, today their field of use has expanded. An elegant “harmonica” is able to decorate the interior of the most fashionable apartment. Sections of the door can be solid and glazed, and the material – from plastic to solid oak.
Manufacturers of interior doors are trying to meet modern ideas about the quality and design of products. The choice of material for door leaves is quite extensive:
- Chipboard – lightweight and durable particle board with a huge selection of textures and shades.
- Translucent materials – tempered glass, polycarbonate, acrylic glass. The canvas can be completely glass or have transparent inserts. The material is given an original design with the help of various technologies: matting, engraving, fusing, photo printing.
- Plastic panels. Durable and safe, they imitate any texture – leather, mirror, fabric, as well as glossy, matte and perforated surface.
- Mirror inserts. The main shades of mirrors are graphite, silver and bronze. The material fits into any interior, visually pushing the space.
- Rattan, bamboo, natural wallpaper. Environmentally friendly natural materials are used as finishing.
Finally. Interior sliding doors emphasize the style of any interior, be it classic, modern or high-tech. A variety of types and color palette of products will allow the buyer to make the only right choice.