Dishwasher is no longer a means of luxury, as it was a few years ago. Some people when choosing this device pay attention only to the price. This is fundamentally the wrong approach, because before buying a dishwasher, you must take into account not only its cost, but also the dimensions of the kitchen room, the presence of furniture, the number of tenants, etc. This article will discuss how to choose a dishwasher correctly.
The advantages and disadvantages of a dishwasher for home use
The dishwasher is distinguished by its efficiency as well as its economy. This is a practical and reliable device that allows you to automate the process of washing dirty dishes. Dishwasher, like any other device, has positive and negative sides.
First of all, the quality of washing should be attributed to the advantages of this device. Using a dishwasher allows you to clean any plaque from plates and other dishes, which is quite problematic to do manually. The difference between manual and automatic cleaning is especially noticeable when white ceramic products are washed.
The advantage of choosing a dishwasher is its cost-effectiveness in comparison with manual dishwashing. For example, for a single cleaning cycle, a device of this type, as a rule, uses an amount of water that would be enough for only one volume pan when washed by hand.
The use of such a unit can save not only finances, but also time. All you need to do is enter the required data on the control panel and load the dirty dishes into the container of the device.
The advantages of this unit also include high hygiene. The internal surface of the dishwasher is made in most cases of stainless steel, which does not emit active chemical compounds upon contact with water. Tightness when washing dirty dishes eliminates the ingress of foreign particles into the unit’s capacity.
Another advantage of these devices, no doubt, is an acceptable cost. All companies of cars produce as expensive models equipped with additional functions, and budget units. Thus, each person can choose a device that matches their financial capabilities.
However, dishwashers have some drawbacks that need to be considered before purchasing it. For example, to install it you need to allocate a fairly large space (as is the case with a washing machine). In the conditions of small-sized kitchens it is quite difficult to install such a device. Experts recommend installing dishwashers near sinks, as this is the most practical solution.
Useful information! For a small kitchen is best suited narrow dishwashing machine. The width of such a device is 45 cm.
For normal operation of the PMM, special washing preparations will be needed. Today on the market you can find universal remedies, which are called tablets 3 in 1. If desired, you can buy powder, conditioner and salt separately. The cost of the tablets is higher, but they are more convenient to use.
Before buying PMM, experts advise to get acquainted with the principle of its work. The cycle of washing dirty dishes from the beginning to the end is divided into 7 stages. Consider them in more detail. First you need to load the dirty dishes inside the machine, then in a special tank you need to pour detergent.
Next, the control panel sets the washing parameters and turns on the button that starts the cleaning cycle. The water passes through the softening filter and enters the tank of the LMP.
In the next stage, the electric heaters integrated into the design of the dishwasher heat it. It is worth noting that the heaters in PMM are divided into two types: tubular (heating elements) and flow. The first of them are located on the bottom of the tank. In turn, the flow cells are located outside the chamber and contribute to the supply of the already heated liquid to the tank with dirty dishes. Dishwasher capacity may vary.
Detergent is added to the heated water. The work includes a circulation pump, the function of which is to supply water under pressure. It is sprayed from above and below inside the chamber. Water jets clean dirt from the surface of kitchen utensils, after which it settles at the bottom of the tank.
Then there is a drain of water from the tank filled with dishes. In this case, the liquid passes through a special filter and again enters the sprinklers. Thus, the cleaning cycle is repeated until the program specified on the control panel is executed.
The penultimate stage involves the drainage of water into the sewer system through a drainage pump. After that, clean water is taken and rinsing the washed dishes is performed.
At the last stage, the water is drained from the dishwasher, the cleaned dishes are dried inside the tank. There are several types of drying. This is the standard process of washing dirty kitchen utensils. On the Internet you can find more detailed diagrams explaining the principle of the dishwasher. Videos on this topic can also be easily found on the network.
All devices for washing dishes are classified by type of installation. Depending on this indicator, there are 3 main types of these aggregates. Before you buy a PMM, you must choose which of the devices suits you the most.
First of all it is necessary to pay attention to the embedded models of the MMP. This type of dishwasher is the most compact and differs in that it is fully housed in a kitchen. The installation of such a unit involves hanging the facade on the front panel. In turn, the control panel is located on the front side of the door.
Useful information! Experts recommend this kind of PMM for installation in a small-sized kitchen. These models allow you to save the maximum amount of useful space of the room. And also they most organically fit into the overall interior.
Another advantage of these models is the low noise level at work (due to integration into furniture). How to choose a built-in dishwasher? When choosing an integrated PMM, you need to pay attention to 3 factors:
- the size;
- energy saving class;
- number of people in the family.
Among the shortcomings of embedded PMM, their cost can be noted, as well as the lack of a one-piece case. The second factor eliminates the possibility of rearranging the built-in dishwasher to another location. Reviews of these devices will help you determine the feasibility of acquiring such a PMM.
The device of this type is partially integrated into kitchen furniture (without a facade). The MMP of this type can be placed in any suitable place and rearranged if necessary. As for the color scheme of the front panels of the units, then the traditional white version is most often found on sale.
The main advantage of a free-standing dishwasher is ease of use. This is due to the location of the control panel, which is not at the end, but on the door. Therefore, to start such a PMM, you do not need to open it. The freestanding model is ideal when you are not going to order an individual set for household appliances and just want to install a dishwasher under the countertop.
Although stand-alone devices, although they stand out in the interior of the kitchen, they look pretty organic when properly positioned. The cost of such units is lower than the price of the built-in equipment, which accounts for their great popularity among buyers.
Such models are used only in cases where the kitchen does not have enough space to install a full-fledged variety of PMM. The dimensions of this device are comparable to a microwave, which allows you to install portable models even in close kitchen areas.
Note! If necessary, you can partially integrate this device into a furniture set (as well as a microwave). This option is most appropriate.
Such samples are among the cheapest dishwashers, but because of their size, they have a small capacity. The maximum number of sets of dishes that can be placed in it is 6, and for some devices this figure is only 4.
Tabletop PMM is connected to the faucet and is an ideal option for apartments in which 1-2 people live. The advantages of these devices include a wide range of models, low cost, as well as mobility. However, a portable dishwasher is more difficult to fit into the interior of the kitchen.
The choice of dishwasher is made taking into account the financial possibilities, the size of the kitchen, as well as individual preferences. It is important to remember that a unit of this type requires the use of special detergents and periodic checks. Preventive cleaning will prolong the life of your dishwasher.