For any owner of the car is important the safety of the vehicle, and therefore the arrangement of the garage, in particular, the choice of gates. Garage doors of rolling shutters are especially popular: the sizes, prices and variants of performance of which can be the most diverse. The article will provide technical characteristics of garage roller shutters, prices for structures, recommendations for the installation of rolling shutters with their own hands, video instructions and photo examples.
Types, sizes, prices of the gates to the garage: rolling shutters, lifting, swinging and sliding structures
Specialized websites and stores provide customers with a wide range of garage doors – the sizes, prices and materials of their production allow us to satisfy the requirements of the most discriminating customers.
It is important to remember that a properly selected garage door will protect the vehicle not only from theft and mechanical damage, but also from bad weather conditions, contributing to the creation of a favorable microclimate inside the room and good preservation of car parts.
There are several main types of gates for garages:
- lifting section;
- lifting and turning;
- rolling shutters (roller shutter, roller).
The overhead sectional door is a solid construction consisting of sandwich panels or individual steel / aluminum (in the elite versions – wooden) shields connected by hinges. It moves along the guides with the help of a lifting mechanism. Such gates are available in width of 2085-3085 mm and height of 2250-3500 mm.
In the open position, the whole structure is located under the ceiling of the garage, thereby saving space in the room. Among its advantages is a long service life, good heat and sound insulation, resistance to deformation.
The disadvantages of such gates include their rather high cost (the price of a garage door of a standard size starts from 40 thousand rubles). Moreover, due to the complex design, it is worth considering not only the installation costs, but also the additional costs of ongoing maintenance of the parts of the mechanism. You will also have to spend money on payment for the protected area, as the overhead sectional doors are not resistant to burglary. In addition, due to the presence of the departing leaf, the length of the garage should be at least one and a half times its width.
The overhead door is a solid stainless steel shield mounted on a steel frame and, as a rule, additionally equipped with an electric drive, so that you can open and close the gate without leaving the car.
In the open form, they are located under the ceiling at an angle of 90 degrees and do not occupy space inside the garage, and the one-piece shield can be additionally warmed or decorated (with walnut, bronze, marble). To do this, use only lightweight materials, otherwise you will have to equip the structure with counterweights. Gates reliably protect the car from adverse weather conditions and hacking.
Among the disadvantages we can mention restrictions on the use of – the tilt-up gate can be used exclusively in rectangular openings and open no more than 10 times a day. If even a small part of them is damaged, the entire structure will have to be replaced, and the installed gate will reduce the doorway height by approximately 20 cm. The cost of a garage door of a standard size is on average from 35 thousand rubles, dimensions vary from 2 to 2.7 m wide and from 1.8 to 6 m in height.
Oar garage doors consist of hinged leaves attached to rigid stands. These flaps can open both inward and outward. One of the wings is often equipped with a wicket. The advantages of such gates are their durability and low cost (approximately 17.5 thousand rubles). They are great for warm garages, but for opening sashes it is necessary to provide a free and flat area at the entrance to the garage. Can be made in any size.
Retractable garage doors are equipped with a special roller system, with the help of which the sash of aluminum profiles or profile pipe (if it is a lattice design) moves aside. It is possible to install such doors both outside and inside the garage, but it is necessary to provide free space for rollback, equal in size to the door.
Advantages of sliding gates – reliability, durability, saving space in front of the entrance to the garage. Among the shortcomings is the high price (from 58 thousand rubles) and specific requirements for the size of the garage: because of the design features, the wall of the garage should be at least one and a half times the width of the opening. Available in a wide variety of sizes with a leaf width of 2 m.
In recent years, roller gates, or roller shutters common in Europe and the USA, are very popular among garage owners. The dimensions of such gates vary between 150-430 cm (width) and 150-270 cm (height), the cost starts from a mark of 7 thousand rubles. and can reach 70 thousand rubles, depending on the configuration and material of manufacture. Their device, advantages and disadvantages should be disassembled in more detail.
The device of rolling garage doors is so simple that with the presence of elementary skills and tools, it is possible to carry out the installation of rolling shutters with your own hands.
Roller blinds are a type of blinds and consist of basic and additional elements.
The main elements include:
- canvas of steel or aluminum lamellas (roller shutter profiles);
- two vertical guides tires;
- receiving shaft on which the lamella web is wound;
- a protective rectangular or semicircular box in which the rolled sheet is placed;
- drive (mechanical or electric);
- locks of lock or automatic type;
- for automatic gates – an unlock lever that allows you to open them when the electricity is turned off.
Additional elements of the roller shutter equip at the request of the customer. It may be:
- remote control system;
- anti-theft and fire alarm systems;
- silicone or rubber seals;
- door heating system for easy opening and closing at low temperatures, etc.
There are several rolling shutter classifications:
- by material;
- management method;
- degree of protection;
- installation method.
Depending on the material, allocate steel and aluminum roller blinds. The first are durable, provide good protection against burglary and noise insulation, but they are quite expensive. The latter have good protective and decorative characteristics, are light and reliable, affordable, resistant to moisture and not afraid of rust.
According to the control method, the rolling gates are automatic and mechanical. Automatic rolling shutters are equipped with electric drive. They are controlled by buttons or remote control. At the same time, even de-energized gates can be opened with a special key.
For the safety of the surrounding automatic gates additionally equipped with a motion sensor. The price of garage rolling shutters of this type is their significant disadvantage (at least 2000 rubles, plus about 6000 rubles. You will have to pay extra for sensors).
Mechanical gates set in motion by a manual drive. They cost much less, but are not suitable for roller shutters weighing more than 30 kg.
According to the degree of protection there are groups of roller shutters:
- with a low level of protection (class P1-P2) – they provide protection against noise and dust (such roller shutters are also called classic or sanitary fittings);
- with an average level of protection (class P3-P5) – due to the steel profile, they are more durable and resistant to cracking;
- with a high level of protection (class P6-P8) – bullet-proof armored gates.
By the method of installation emit:
- outdoor roller blinds (or overhead) – are installed outside the garage, and the box is mounted above the doorway;
- built-in – mounted directly into the opening, which provides more reliable protection;
- combined – for installation, you must provide a separate niche above the opening.
All three methods allow installation of the box, both inside and outside the garage.
Rollet shutters have many advantages, which explains their widespread use not only in private garages, but also in commercial facilities: shopping centers, warehouses, banking and office premises.
Protective shutters (their price will be discussed in more detail below) are compact. They allow you to save space – an average of about 2 m, when compared with swing gates. In the conditions of a limited amount of land for construction and prices for garages, roller shutters will be the best solution.
It is important! Despite the fact that such doors are best suited for large and non-standard doorways, there are restrictions on the size of the roller shutters. For steel profiles, the gate width should not exceed 7 m with a total gate area of not more than 49 m?, And for aluminum structures – 6 m (maximum gate area – up to 14 m?).
Due to the simple design, the rolling doors are easy to use, do not require significant costs for maintenance, purchase of lubricants or paints. Considering the cost of rolling shutters on the garage, this can be considered as another bonus. If you have elementary skills, you can make not only self-installation of roller shutters (video instructions clearly show this process), but also repair by rolling shutters with your own hands.
For example, in case of mechanical damage to the lamellae, it is necessary to remove the box cover, lower and dismantle the canvas, and then unfold it for the bulkhead and remove the side locks. Next, you should detach the deformed lamellae and install new ones, connecting them with each other with the castle part, attach the end lamella and install the web into the guides. Recommendations for the repair of roller shutters and video installation of roller shutters can be easily found on the Internet.
There are other reasons to buy roller shutters for the garage – the price is quite affordable, roller shutters are corrosion resistant and durable. Even low-cost aluminum gates will last at least 10 years. Regardless of the material, they well protect the room from dust and noise, and insulation allows to reduce heat loss by 20%.