An artificial reservoir is an excellent decoration for any, even a small area, so information on how to make a pond in the country with your own hands will be very useful. The step-by-step photo instruction will tell you about what materials will be required for arranging a beautiful water mirror and all the intricacies of this simple process.
Choose a place for the reservoir and form
There are no rules for choosing the shape of a reservoir. It can be of any size – round, square, asymmetric. To the pond perfectly fit into the landscape design, when choosing a form, you should pay attention to the overall style decision of the suburban area.
It is very important for such an element of decor to choose the right place. It is necessary to take into account the characteristics of the soil, to evaluate the relief of the territory. If the terrain is hilly, then it is better to equip it with a stream or fountain with a cascading runoff of water, and it is better to decorate a flat piece of land with a small pond. Also consider the location of trees relative to the reservoir. Over time, the roots can destroy the integrity of the reservoir. In addition, leaves and other debris will fall in the water from the trees, making it necessary to clean the pond more often.
Do not interfere with the reservoir and the sun’s rays. They warm the water, allowing the plants and the fish living in it to fully develop. Positioning the pond relative to the cardinal points is so that the sun is on its side for most of the daylight hours.
There are two ways of arranging a pond in the country with their own hands. Step by step photo compilation demonstrates both processes. To simplify the work, you can purchase ready-made form. Modern manufacturers offer tanks made of reinforced plastic or rubber rubber, but if the funds are not enough, you can use a conventional insulation film, only a thicker structure.
Having selected the optimal place for the future reservoir, it is necessary to lay the ready form on the ground and mark the contour. Along the marked lines, the excavation is excavated. Its size is about 8-10 cm should be larger than the form itself. After installing the tank in the prepared pit, it needs to be filled with water by about a third and gradually pour the sand around the holes around the void.
As far as filling, the container is filled to the top with water. A wild stone is laid on the edges of the established form or plants are planted. It is allowed to do this only after full shrinkage of the container.
Arrangement of the pond in the country with their own hands is carried out in several stages. Step-by-step photo instruction will help not to get lost in the intricacies of the process. For the construction of such a design element will require:
- rope or fishing line;
- polyvinyl chloride film;
- sand or gravel with a fine fraction;
- round stones or slabs;
Using a fishing line or rope, indicate the shape of the future pond. They dig a ditch of the required size and remove all interfering garbage from its bottom: stones, tree roots, other objects that can spoil the film. After preparation, sand is poured at the bottom of the pit. In order for the insulating film not to be damaged, the layer thickness must be at least 10 cm. After that, the film can be laid.
Helpful advice! If the width of the film is small and it is not enough to cover the entire reservoir, then the pieces are joined by spikes.
It is advisable to make a hole for the reservoir multilevel, even if it is not planned to create a stream imitation. On the resulting attacks, you can plant plants. They are planted in small pots, because there is simply no land in such a pond.
Helpful advice! Before use, it is best to spread the film for a couple of hours in bright sun. As a result, it will heat up and acquire greater elasticity.
A small ditch should be dug around the perimeter of the pond, with a depth of 15-20 cm. It will serve as an assistant in fixing the edges of the film. Subsequently, they are bombarded with stones or gravel. The allowance remaining on top must be at least 50 cm, only in this way it will be possible to securely fasten the edges of the structure. The finished pond can be filled with water.
As you can see, it is completely easy to create a pond in the country with your own hands. The step-by-step photos below are a good example.
The next and mandatory step in the arrangement of the reservoir should be the installation of a filtering station. It is especially necessary if you plan to launch fish in the pond. Filtration kits can be found in stores. An instruction is attached to them, with the help of which it is easy to carry out the installation and setup of the station independently.
After starting the filtration equipment, you can start planting. For the first deep level, suitable plants such as tailfish or arrowheads. Look good floating plants. Among them, you can choose lilies, water hyacinths and others. To design the space around the pond using a fern, reed or reed.
Helpful advice! A pond with aquatic plants and fish requires periodic maintenance. The bottom is cleaned of silt, remove debris, leaves. Overgrown herbs are pruned or partially removed. Cleaning must be done twice a year.
The artificial reservoir on any site is its central ornament. In addition to plants, the pond is decorated with stones, figurines, interesting figures, small trees. With the help of these elements you can create a unique work of art.
The bottom of the reservoir should be decorated only with rounded stones without sharp corners. The edges can be disguised by planting broadleaf plants along the banks. If there is a desire, it is possible to foresee the illumination of the pond in advance, for this it is necessary to stretch the electrical wiring at the stage of digging.
Creating something for the first time is very difficult to avoid mistakes. The arrangement of the reservoir is not an exception. The following tips will help you easily create a pond in the country with their own hands. Step-by-step photo gallery will help in this:
- equipment pond stones of approximately the same diameter will give it a rather boring appearance. It is best to combine large boulders with smaller pebbles;
- do not dig a deep pond with steep walls. Decorating such a reservoir is much more difficult, it is also difficult to plant aquatic plants;
Small ponds freeze completely to the bottom in winter. All plants are removed from the artificial reservoir for the winter, fish and sent to spend the winter in warm rooms. If the base was a finished container, it is necessary to drop several bottles filled with sand into it so that the form will not crack and freeze in the cold. It is possible to start a reservoir after night temperatures become above zero marks.