Each owner of a country site wants to have a toilet for giving without a smell and pumping out. After all, centralized sewage is far from being everywhere, but it’s not a pleasure for anyone to constantly bother with cleaning the cesspool. What methods of solving this problem exist today? Consider what difficulties arise as a result of the maintenance of the cesspool, and that offer us modern manufacturers of systems that do not require pumping.
Disadvantages of cesspools
The maintenance in the yard cesspool is accompanied by certain inconveniences:
- The high cost of operation – the need to constantly pump accumulated waste, which generates regular expenses.
- Within a radius of several meters from the pit you can feel a very unpleasant smell.
- Over time, the tightness of the pit walls can be broken, which leads to the disposal of untreated sewage directly into the ground.
- If there is a cesspool at the site, you can forget about your own well, since it will be very unsafe.
Undoubtedly, pumping out the sump is not a pleasant process. Not only is it accompanied by an unpleasant smell, it also costs a lot of money. But as you know, demand creates supply, and today there are several options for solving this problem.
Consider in detail the three most popular and modern alternatives cesspool:
- Dry closets.
- Overflow plastic or concrete septic tanks.
- Modern cleaning systems.
What method of processing biological waste to choose depends directly on the number of people and the seasonality of living in the country, your financial capacity, as well as the conditions available on the site for placing the toilet. Consider in detail all the proposed options and the necessary requirements for their installation.
To solve the problem of eliminating waste without the use of water can peat bio-toilet. According to reviews, toilets for toilets – the easiest and cheapest solution to the problem of lack of centralized sewers. Moreover, processing the products of human life, such a device produces an excellent fertilizer for the soil.
Toilet in the country, whose dimensions are quite compact, will be very useful, because it occupies a minimum of space. All that is needed for his work – peat for peat toilets, which can be easily purchased at the store.
The mixture is poured into the upper tank of the toilet bowl before use. The lower part, where the waste will directly fall, is filled with peat so that the bottom is covered about 1 cm. After using the toilet, you just need to turn the special handle, which is responsible for batch discharge of peat from the upper tank to the bottom.
The process of anaerobic mineralization allows peat to transform the falling waste into fertilizer, which when mixed with soil forms compost and significantly improves the fertile qualities of the soil.
According to reviews, it is enough to clean the peat bio-toilet once a month, even with regular use. The high absorptive capacity of peat allows it to process up to 10 liters of liquid per 1 kg of the mixture.
If your goal is a toilet in the country without a smell, then a peat bio-toilet is an excellent solution.
However, as already mentioned, each device has its own nuances of installation and operation. Here is something to think about before you buy a peat bio-toilet:
- An ideal place to accommodate such a device is a utility room with a toilet for the dacha. This will automatically solve all the problems associated with possible remnants of an unpleasant odor;
- some of the liquid will evaporate from the toilet, but to completely eliminate all liquid masses, it is necessary to equip the drainage system. If you want to install a peat toilet right in the house, think ahead about where the outlet hose will go.
It is important to remember that the key to a good toilet in the country without odor is the presence of ventilation in the room.
Helpful advice! Forced ventilation is an excellent solution for rooms with a toilet, especially if it is used by a large number of people. Having mounted an axial fan in the wall, you will forever forget about the unpleasant smell in the bathroom.
Another option arrangement of the toilet in the country without connecting to a centralized sewer system – local septic installations. A septic tank is a system designed to collect and purify wastewater entering a tank.
The principle of operation of septic tanks is as follows: wastewater flows through pipes into a special tank, divided into three sections. The first is the process of settling and separating the contents into fractions. In the second liquid is cleaned with the help of special bacteria. In the third tank, the already purified waters again undergo a process of settling, after which they are displayed on the filtration fields.
Helpful advice! If the area of your site does not allow you to create filtering fields, or for some other reason you do not want this, then it is possible to install a model with a biological filter that provides for deep cleaning. In this case, the wastewater is completely cleaned and does not require additional filtration by the soil.
Modern cleaning systems are in essence the same septic tanks of a more perfect design and with a large number of cleaning levels. Consider the most commonly used cleaning methods for local use:
- ion exchange reagents;
- electrochemical deposition;
- exposure to chemical elements;
- membrane reverse osmosis.
Ultrafiltration makes it possible to purify waste water so well that a closed circular water supply system becomes possible. Without using chemicals (chlorine, sodium, fluorine, phosphorus), this method allows you to purify the water to the possibility of reuse.
Reagent ion-exchange systems make it possible to make the process of water purification faster, while softening it to the desired level.
Electrochemical deposition allows you to precipitate metallic impurities in the water. After that, the chemical components can get rid of them.
Membrane reverse osmosis is the most modern method of water purification today. It allows you to make almost distilled water from wastewater. This happens due to the passage of effluent through a reverse osmosis membrane, which passes water molecules through its pores, while filtering all impurities that exist in it. Almost all substances hazardous to human health, such as mercury, chlorine, the membrane does not allow nitrates.
Here are some tips to help you decide on the choice of a septic tank to create an autonomous sewer system that does not require pumping:
- Before you realize the idea of creating a toilet, using septic tanks, be sure to conduct an examination that will show how deep the groundwater is in your area. It will depend on this whether it is possible to make filtration fields, or it is necessary to take filters with a deep cleaning system.
- Carefully consider the choice of tank volume. Calculate the daily amount of wastewater generated by all family members and household appliances.
- Consider the seasonality of living. Many models do not tolerate easy in the winter. Bacteria inside the tank die. Therefore, when choosing a septic tank, be sure to consider whether you plan to use it all year round or only in the summer.
Depending on the amount of liquid processed per day, septic tanks are divided into three types:
- single chamber;
Single-chamber are used in the case when the volume of daily wastewater does not exceed 1 m ?. Two-chamber septic tanks are processed per day from 1 to 10 m? water. Three-chamber use only for very large volumes of water, over 10 m ?.
It is important to know that according to the norms, the volume of the tank to be purchased should be three times the daily displacement of wastewater. That is, at one time the amount of water formed in three days of normal use should be placed in the tank.
Another important moment in the functioning of septic tanks is the type of soil on the site. It depends on this whether the usual cleaning system with filtering fields is suitable for you, or you have to spend money on a modern full cleaning system. So, the soil with a high content of clay does not pass water well, which greatly complicates the filtration process. The high level of groundwater is also a serious reason to abandon standard septic tanks.
Helpful advice! Absolutely all manufacturers of modern septic tanks with biofilters do not recommend to allow system downtime. This leads to the death of the biomaterial and the loss of its characteristics by the filter.