Painting walls – preparation and step-by-step instructions

Wall painting is an opportunity to freshen up the look of your home. It is advisable to carry out painting work in a warm season, when the air temperature outside does not drop below 18-20 ℃. During repair work, it is important to often ventilate the room, since warm air significantly accelerates the drying of the paint.

How to paint the ceiling and walls correctly

In order for the painting to be successful, you need to follow a few simple rules. Renovation work should begin with adequate protection of items such as furniture, floors and utilities. The next step is to prepare the surface, choose the paint and start painting..

In order for the repair work to go smoothly, you should purchase the necessary tools and accessories in advance, such as:

  • masking tape for door frames and line markings under the ceiling;
  • rollers wide for painting large surfaces, narrow for precise coverage such as corners;
  • paint brushes, large and small, as well as with a curved handle, designed for painting hard-to-reach places;
  • a bucket with a grate for draining excess material;
  • a telescope, especially useful for painting the ceiling, as it allows you to “lengthen” the arm by more than 3 meters (with skillful use, it does not leave unattractive streaks on the surface).

Step-by-step instructions for painting the ceiling: choosing paint

Before buying paint, pay attention to its performance, as well as its appearance. In rooms with high humidity, such as a bathroom or kitchen, it is recommended to use latex paints, and for a corridor, nursery or living room – ceramic.

Painting walls, step by step instructions: protecting the room from pollution

In a situation where, in addition to the walls, the ceiling is also painted, it is always recommended to start from the ceiling. First of all, you should carefully protect the floor, furniture, and baseboards from dirt, preferably with a classic paint film. The film must be thick enough so that it does not break when walking on it. Paper masking tape is great for adhering plastic to floor strips for added protection.

Preparing walls before painting

To understand how to paint walls correctly, you need to study several stages. The first is to repair the base of the wall, if there are visible defects or heavy contamination. To strengthen the base, improve its quality, and eliminate color differences, it should be primed and then primed with a primer paint. Special paints not only strengthen the base, but also reduce its porosity, eliminate dust, especially if a saturated material is selected.

Preparing the ceiling for painting

The surface of the ceiling requires special preparation, if it has visible defects, it is uneven or heavily soiled. Damage can be repaired with plaster or paint net (with larger cavities). Dirt from the surface of the ceiling is removed using a mixture of water and a special liquid for washing walls (it effectively removes not only dirt, but also cigarette smoke and accumulated dust).

Ceiling painting: instruction

It is best to start painting the ceiling from the corner next to a window or from another light source if there are no windows in the room. A small brush is good for painting the edges between the wall and ceiling. Any stripes are smoothed with a small roller (10 cm wide). The paint should be applied in parallel stripes starting from the most illuminated part of the floor. Each subsequent layer of paint is applied only when the previous one is completely dry. Drying times are usually indicated on the packaging, but may vary due to, for example, high humidity.

Painting the walls, like the ceiling, starts from corners and hard-to-reach places using a small roller. The rest of the walls are best painted with a roller on the telescope, applying paint in an up and down motion to minimize the risk of streaking. The masking tape should be removed immediately after completion of the repair work. If you remove it later when the paint is dry, you risk damaging the fresh paint..

How to paint walls in a house correctly: choosing a roller

A wide paint roller (eg 15-22 cm long) is best for painting the entire surface. Before applying paint to the roller, do not forget to slightly wet it and squeeze it well. In a situation where the surface of the walls is very rough, the pile of the roller should be long, this allows you to effectively cover all irregularities or depressions.

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