When arranging our own apartment, we have to make many decisions about the purchase of finishing materials for different surfaces. Some of them will be more important, others less. When choosing the type of floor, the task becomes so much more complicated that the comfort of living in the house for many years to come will depend on our decision. After all, we don’t usually change our flooring every year..
Quality wooden floors can be used reliably for decades. Cheaper panels are less durable, because often 5 years of operation you have to think about replacing them.
Advantages and disadvantages of wood floors
Before choosing a wooden floor, you need to evaluate its pros and cons. Among the advantages of flooring:
- Choosing this method of finishing, you get an environmentally friendly coating for a house or apartment, which provides a favorable microclimate in the premises..
- Building material price is available.
- The installation of wooden materials is not labor-intensive, so the work can be done even by yourself.
- With the right care and the choice of quality materials, wooden floor surfaces will last for decades..
- The coverings are attractive, the wood in the interior fills the room with coziness. It is impossible to find two identical patterns on wood, so such a surface will always be unique..
- If necessary, wood surfaces can be finished with ceramic tiles, wood laminate, carpet, linoleum or any other finishing materials.
The tree also has disadvantages, albeit insignificant:
- Low sound insulation characteristics. To enhance sound insulation, it is recommended to use special soundproof materials..
- Before laying, the board must be pre-treated with varnish, paint or drying oil. This ensures the creation of a water-repellent layer, the wood will not absorb moisture and lose its shape.
It is recommended to treat the boards with antiseptic agents, which are sold in all hardware stores. This will protect the material from mold and decay. Some remedies make the tree unattractive to rodents..
Which floor to choose for a wooden house?
When choosing a floor covering for our own home, we often wonder what is better to choose – cheaper wooden floor panels or typical parquet. It all depends on our financial capabilities and expectations. In the case of traditional parquet, we have to consider high costs, but also maximum durability. This is the most original type of flooring. However, when deciding to buy, you need to remember that the material requires special care, so from time to time it needs to be protected with a special impregnation, and professional grinding should be done every few years..
Another solution is floor panels, which are cheap and unfortunately less durable. In addition, they do not look as impressive as parquet. Of course, none of us is doomed to choose one of these two extremes, because there is also a material on the market that is something in between – floorboards. A good option is three-layer boards, which are arranged like panels, but they are definitely more resistant to any damage and more durable. They are also more expensive. When choosing a specific flooring model, you need to remember that each of them will require different care. As a rule, wood and parquet floors should not come into contact with water, so special steam mops should be used for daily cleaning..
Underfloor heating finishing
When installing underfloor heating in your own apartment, you should use not only a suitable screed (the so-called gel), but also a special finish. These can be panels for laying the floor or three-layer boards designed for underfloor heating. Each panel or board will be labeled accordingly if the model can be used for that type of heating. If in doubt, always check your choice with the seller..
Wooden floor in the living room – which color to choose?
Having already chosen a specific type of coating, it is also worth considering the color scheme and design. Nowadays, wooden floorboards are very dark, even chocolate shades. Only in this case you need to know that all dirt is visible on such a surface – even every hair. Also in fashion white or gray. The latest model will be easiest to keep clean..
A wooden floor in the kitchen is a good choice?
Is wood flooring suitable for any room and is it versatile? Most of the doubts are caused by the creation of the floor surface in the kitchen. Will it fulfill its role in the food preparation area?
Many of us think about wood floor surfaces because they are the most spectacular and luxurious. However, a better solution may be to install tiles near the stove and kitchen countertops, which will be almost identical in color to the wood flooring that will be placed over the rest of the room. By combining tiles with wood elements or panels, we get exactly what we need, namely the attractiveness of the kitchen floor surface and the ease of keeping it clean..
Natural wood or panels? The choice is not easy, but very important. It is worth taking some time to make the final decision and remember that you also need to think about the type of skirting boards, because today we have a lot of them on the market. You can choose from classic plastic molding, modern aluminum molding or exclusive milled MDF molding.
What kind of substrate to choose on a wooden floor
When arranging wooden floors from modern materials, a substrate is used to effectively use the coating during operation. If you have started an independent repair, it is important to know from what materials the substrates are made and about the advantages of different types. Manufacturers produce synthetic and natural substrates. The performance characteristics, as well as the price of the material, depend on the composition and components used in production..
The most common substrate material is polyethylene. Such synthetic products are notable for their low cost, as well as other advantages:
- Excellent heat retention.
- Prevention of the formation of fungus (relevant for wood surfaces).
- Resistant to moisture, solvents, oils.
- Possibility of joint use with any building materials.
The PE foam backing can be easily cut with scissors or a sharp knife. You can use scotch tape to connect individual fragments. The product does not require fixing.
Natural building material – a cork-type product made from crushed bark of a cork tree. The material is more expensive than synthetic substrates. However, cork underlays are better suited for wood floor surfaces. They are environmentally friendly and allow the tree to “breathe”. It does not form harmful microorganisms, but it is impossible to use building materials in rooms with high humidity levels. Natural material has a high resistance to wear, is not subject to pressing or crumbling under the influence of high loads.
If the main task of the product is to create a high-quality interlayer between the base floor and the finishing material, then a substrate with a thickness of 2 to 4 mm is often used. In stores, the material is sold in rolls (length – 10 meters, width – 120 centimeters). Cork products are compact, after unrolling the roll, the substrate must be allowed to lie down for straightening.
How to choose insulation for a wooden floor?
Insulation works are carried out to reduce heat loss. Sand and expanded clay are used as inexpensive insulation materials. Other materials are also used for insulation:
- Mineral wool. The peculiarity of this heat-insulating material is its low thermal conductivity. Mineral wool is durable, provides good sound insulation. This building material is classified as environmentally friendly. You can determine the quality of a product by its color. If natural raw materials are used in the production of mineral wool, it is brown. Low-quality products are yellow. Insulation is sold in rolls or slabs. Roll products are used to insulate large areas.
- Expanded clay. A building material that represents granules of fired foamed clay. Differs in lightness, high performance properties. The only drawback of expanded clay is hidden in good moisture absorption, therefore, when using it as a heater, additional waterproofing is required.
- Sawdust. Bulk material that has been used for many centuries. To protect the insulation from rodents, it is additionally mixed with slaked lime. Insulation is filled in between the finishing and subfloor with a layer 20 to 40 cm thick.