Not everyone can boast of a spacious apartment with a good layout. However, there are many ways to make any home beautiful and comfortable, minimizing its disadvantages. And this does not always require large financial expenditures or serious repairs. You can solve the problem of lack of free space with the help of such a practical and not too expensive option, like a folding interior door-book.
The design of the interior door-book
Doors-books represent the folding design consisting of one or two shutters, each of which, in turn, is divided into sections. When closing, these sections move on rollers along the upper guide, additionally equipped with a latch and a stopper (for fixing the extreme positions).
There are two ways of fixing the door-book to the door frame. In the first case, the canvas is attached to it using ordinary hinges. The advantage of this method is that there is no gap between the door and the bar of the door frame. In the second case, special supports are used, which are attached to the upper timber and the floor. Themselves cloths are connected with each other loops. The strength of the whole structure depends on the quality of fastening the web to the vertical bar of the door frame and the sections between them.
By the number of sections allocate folding doors:
Photos of the door-book on the Internet explain how their name appeared. They consist of two wings and at closing fold up like a book. Doors-accordion consist of a large number of sections (about 10 cm wide) and resemble vertical blinds outwardly.
Helpful advice! Doors-books are often more popular, because they look much more solid, and because of the smaller number of sections, they are also more durable.
Folding doors do not take up much space. They can be installed even in non-standard and narrow doorways, in cramped corridors, in bathrooms, in dressing rooms. Very often, door-books and doors-accordions are used as temporary partitions when there is a need to divide the space into functional zones.
By design features distinguish the following types:
- unilateral and bilateral;
- symmetrical and asymmetrical.
The type used in the production of materials emit:
- products from the same material (wood, plastic, MDF, chipboard, metal, glass and even fabric or leather);
- combined products (combine several different materials at the same time, for example, the frame consists of wood or metal, and the gaps are filled with plastic or glass).
Doors-books are also divided into types depending on the coverage. It:
- tinted (previously the surface becomes covered with a transparent or translucent varnish);
- laminated (doors covered with a special film – paper or plastic basis);
The Internet and specialized journals help to make a good choice, and direct creative energy in the right direction. Numerous photos of folding doors, books in them clearly demonstrate the advantages and disadvantages of the various materials from which they were made.
Standard dimensions for interior doors. Accurate measurement of structures. Compliance of doors with the functions and design of the room. Sizes of interroom openings. Unmistakable calculation of the width of the opening
Often for the manufacture of doors used pine. Its inexpensive, but very beautiful due to the unusual pattern of wood looks great in the interior, but it is not very hard. Any mechanical impact will leave a dent on it. Therefore, other, more expensive, but also stronger types of wood, such as beech, maple and oak, are often used. In the production of doors are also used conifers.
The wooden door is a classic that will never go out of style. These doors are extremely aesthetic, environmentally friendly, they retain heat well. To increase the life, they are covered with mastic, varnish, painted and polished.
It is not necessary to use a heavy wooden array. Instead, they often use MDF or particleboard. Their cost is lower than that of natural wood doors, however, they serve much less.
Another cheaper type of material, plastic, is widely used now. Its resistance to adverse external effects, including moisture, allows you to install doors in the bathroom or in the kitchen.
This material has many color options. For example, the door of white color from PVC will perfectly fit into an ordinary apartment with standard metal-plastic windows. And imitation of oak, ash, walnut will be to a place in a classical or ethnic interior.
Glass as a material for an interior door can be soloed (in this case, it is securely fixed on the lamellae of metal or wood), and it can be paired with wood, aluminum or plastic. Such designs are not cheap, but in the interior they look just great. The glass can be mirrored, opaque, transparent, colored, fusing, polished or decorated with sandblasted pattern.
When installing a door-book of glass, it is important to take care of safety in advance. The best option is triplex or tempered glass. It is very difficult to break them, and even if they destroy a threat to health, they do not carry: fragments of triplex will remain glued to the film, tempered glass will fall apart into blunt-edged pieces.
Interesting! A more exotic option are doors made of textiles or leather. They are encountered infrequently and are made to order, but their great advantage is the possibility of installing them in openings of an unusual shape.
In contrast to the standard swing door, the folding door-book does not take up much space and allows you to significantly save space. When closing-opening it moves forward only by the width of one section and remains completely within the doorway. This makes it a real find for small one-room apartments or hotels. Thanks to it, even in the narrowest corridor there is a place for a hanger, stand for shoes or a compact, but spacious wardrobe.
With proper installation, the structure consisting of folding sections is absolutely silent, safe for small children and pets. The non-threshold mechanism allows it to be used in apartments where people with disabilities live. Such a door can be easily dismantled, leaving no extra marks on the floor.
Specialized stores offer a huge selection of interior folding doors, books of various models and colors, which allows them to blend in harmoniously with any style – from classic to high-tech. This is facilitated by a variety of accessories, including door handles for books.
The main disadvantage of these doors is the lack of sound and heat insulation. The gaps between the sections and the gap between the floor and the door not only can not protect from extraneous sounds, but also do not become an obstacle to the penetration of foreign odors, steam or light into the room. This minus cannot be eliminated completely, but can be significantly reduced with the help of special seals.
Compared with the usual hinged doors, the doors-books do not have special strength (especially carefully handle the doors with glass inserts). Their mechanism is quite fragile, so they are not recommended for use in high-traffic areas or as entrance doors. However, they are still safer and more convenient coupe doors, equipped with a lower rail.
Often, these doors need to be further equipped with a door closer, ensuring smooth movement.
The cost of the door-books exceeds the cost of ordinary doors. The price range for them, on average, ranges from 4 (domestic door-book economy class PVC) to 12 thousand rubles (so much is a door-accordion of foreign production). The fittings for the door-books are not cheap, which significantly complicates the process of self-manufacturing of the structure.
Installation of the door-book does not require specific skills, and the relative simplicity of the door-book mechanism allows you to install it yourself, without the help of professionals.
Certain difficulties can arise only with the choice of the mechanism and selection of accessories. The mechanism of a folding door-book should not only be of high quality, but also correspond to the weight of the canvases. This also applies to locking and mounting hardware.
Helpful advice! Preference should be given to the guides of steel or aluminum and rubberized rollers on the bearings, thanks to them the flaps will move apart easily and silently.
Before installing the door-book with their own hands do not have to dismantle the old door jamb. It is enough to remove the old door, fix the guides on which the rollers will move in the upper beam, and prepare holes for the screws on the side. After that, you can install the door-book.
Independent production of a door-book (video on the Internet explains all the nuances of this task in an accessible manner) is not difficult. The only difficulty is the purchase of special accessories, which can be found in specialized stores.