The name of the filling process comes from the tool with which it is carried out – the spatula. But it is obvious that for most people this word was difficult to pronounce, and the words derived from it were transformed into putty and putty. In the dictionaries there are both versions of the name of the work associated with the application of putty mixture to the walls. Therefore, you can not bother, how to properly: putty or putty? Video: putty the walls under the wallpaper with their own hands, in turn, will help you navigate the nuances of this process.
Types of grounds
In order to begin finishing the walls with a liquid mixture, it is necessary to carry out preparatory activities. They largely depend on the type of base, but the main rule remains the same: the surface must be clean and free from any loosely attached layers. The ideal option is a bare wall on which high-quality plaster is applied.
Finishing leveling walls with putty or putty can be carried out on wood, concrete or brick. The concrete base, if it is flat and there are no large differences in the level of plaster, can be considered as ready for processing. In this case, it is the turn of application of putty materials on concrete foundations. In their composition are epoxy and other types of building resins, as well as polyvinyl acetate. In the instructions for puttying the walls under the wallpaper with their own hands, the video clearly demonstrates how to print and apply the material.
Working with brick foundations is easier. To do this, you can use a putty of any composition, including that intended for concrete. Mixtures for wooden materials are based on linseed or acrylic primers. But for the owner of the premises where repairs are being carried out, it is important not only to determine the type of surface, but also what materials they should be processed. After puttying, the walls must be fully suitable for painting or wallpapering.
Price putty walls under the wallpaper depends on the artist. If this is a difficult job, it is better to entrust it to professionals. Tinkering can cost twice as much. Here not only professionalism is important, but also experience that tells you what type of mixture and in what proportions it is necessary to impose in a particular place.
According to the principle of using putty, there are universal, special, starting and finishing.
The material of this type combines many positive qualities. They are easy and convenient to work in draft and personal formats. Such material can be used to align minor distortions. Also, the universality of the material is confirmed by the fact that it has a high adhesiveness on any types of bases.
In the video putty walls under the wallpaper with their own hands can be seen that this putty is used where finishes of the finishing type are powerless. Special putty does not make sense to use for smooth surfaces. Its task is to penetrate deep into the joints of gypsum panels or into corners and cracks. Such material provides material ventilation in places where deep seams are blocked. He also has expanding properties.
It is not difficult to guess that it will be a reliable material, covering the surface of the walls with a layer of up to two and a half centimeters. The smoothness of the surfaces and the lack of roughness provides increased plasticity of the mixture.
They are applied to the walls with a thin layer and are rubbed after drying. After that, the surface becomes smooth, smooth and ideal for applying subsequent finishing layers or wallpaper. This material should not try to align the walls. It will help to correct the base well after applying the starting layer of putty.
According to the degree of readiness all mixtures can be divided into two large groups – dry and ready.
Dry putty mixtures are cheap, do not require special storage conditions and are easy to prepare for use. To do this, you must do everything as indicated in the instructions. Putty in ready-to-use state is more expensive. Its use is convenient, the mixture can be divided into portions. The disadvantage is that it is bad and not long stored, losing its quality. For the finished filler mixture it is important to respect the temperature.
The base of the concrete wall must be completely cleaned from frozen lumps of mortar. After that oil stains are washed out, dirt and dust are removed. Preventive washing with water is recommended. After the walls are dry, they are treated with a primer, which contains quartz granules. This substance improves the adhesive properties of the surface of the walls, making them slightly rough. Puttying the walls under the wallpaper is valuable because it prolongs their life on any surfaces of the walls.
If we talk about wooden walls, they also need to be finished with putty or putty. Roughness can be smoothed with abrasive sandpaper, tarry areas should be cleaned and removed, as well as degreased. In this case, the tree must be in a dried state. After applying the putty, it takes time to dry.
Then it is rubbed off, which gives it a rough surface, just like in the case of concrete walls. If it is necessary to make the texture of wood visible and not leave a single gap, then it is recommended to use a water-based putty with acrylic composition. Preserving the appearance of the wooden surface, this material creates reliable protection from external influences on the wooden surface. With the help of video puttying the walls under the wallpaper with your own hands, you can significantly save on repair work.
Putty walls have a lot in common with plastering. It is necessary to align the beacons, as shown on the video putty walls under the wallpaper with their own hands. Starting putty should be a little thicker, because it is applied in a thicker layer compared to the finish. Of the tools for such purposes are used large and small trowels, rules, spatulas of various sizes and purposes, including angular, rollers, brushes and other devices.
The set is not much different from the one used for plastering walls. First, a multi-layer mortar is applied to the walls, which is leveled with a rule. After drying, a primer is applied. The thickness of the layer of finishing putty is about 0.4 mm. After drying, the walls are wiped, and the surface is ready for wallpapering.
Concrete walls, like brick, differ little from one another. The main difference of concrete walls is that the use of a primer with a quartz impurity is a prerequisite for the work. This is necessary in order for smooth bases to acquire the necessary roughness, and wallpaper could be reliably glued to them. Putting putty produced in several stages. As a starting mixture can be used universal formulations.
With their help shallow pits are filled, cracks are closed. The primary layer should dry for at least 24 hours, and only after that it can be cleaned, removed dust and primed. The number of finishing putty is also determined during the work. Sometimes one is enough, but two is better. If the putty of the walls is made under the wallpaper, then you can do with a layer of primer. Under the paint must be at least two treatments.
The price of putty for the walls under the wallpaper is significantly different, as for its implementation, you can use the services of masters, or, having studied the video materials, do it yourself. The difference in costs will be significant. If the landlord has a serious intention to make a putty with his own hands, he will definitely succeed.
Among the important moments that should not be forgotten is the choice of material for puttying. It must be of high quality. If you fill the walls with your own hands, saving on working costs allows you not to save on the quality of materials. And it’s much easier to work with good materials even for a beginner. And one more thing – try to buy all the materials from one manufacturer.