From this article you can learn about all the features possessed by textured wall paint used in modern interiors: the properties of the finishing material, its advantages and disadvantages, types, popular effects that can be created with the help of the coloring composition, pricing. Will be considered the process of preparing the walls and detailed technology of applying textured paint, including photos and video materials.
Textured wall paint as a finishing material
Textured or textured wall paint can be attributed to one of the varieties of decorative finishes, thanks to which you can create beautiful embossed patterns on the treated surfaces. This became possible due to the special composition and density of the material. The coloring composition may have a creamy-like consistency, or it may be a thick, viscous mass made using acrylic components.
To some extent textured paint can replace a paint and varnish coat and finishing plaster. There is no need to carefully level and plaster the surface. It is enough to putty the walls for painting in areas where there are large cracks and deep holes, and then apply the coating in the form of acrylic impregnation.
Note! Painting, giving the surfaces a textured effect, can be used not only as a decorative finish. This material perfectly hides small defects on the walls, which can not mask the usual paint or wallpaper.
Structural dyes are commercially available in two options:
- Liquid – compositions are completely ready to use. They already have the necessary shade, so the need to use color schemes is no longer necessary.
- Dry – the second name of these compositions sounds like decorative plaster. This type of dye is diluted with water, where the dye is added to give the desired shade.
The acrylic latex used in the production of textured paints undergoes polymerization during the evaporation and absorption of water. Due to this, the drying time of the dye is only 1-2 hours. As a result of using the material in its pure form, a layer of finish 0.2-2 mm thick is formed on the surface. If in the dye add additional components such as sawdust, sand and other materials, you can increase the thickness of the layer to 0.7-1 cm.
When using additional components, the composition can be used as a plaster for leveling minor damages on the walls (up to 2 mm deep). Due to the fact that the aqueous solution of acrylic penetrates deep into the treated surface, which can be made of concrete, brick and covered with plaster, the adhesive properties of this paint can be compared with the capabilities of most cement mortars.
After the polymerization process is complete, the surface of the acrylic material becomes water-resistant. For this reason, many textured dyes are suitable not only for the interior, but also for the exterior.
Note! Textured decorative paint for interior wall decoration can be safely used to design a bathroom or kitchen, where the level of humidity is elevated. After the composition dries, the surface will be reliably protected from mold and moisture.
Density and relief is provided by the particles that are included in the composition of the dye. Textured finishing materials are also classified by type of fillers, which may be:
- gas silicate in crushed form;
- marble or granite crumb;
- metal particles with a reflective surface;
- quartz sand;
- fibers of natural or synthetic origin;
Also in the composition may be modified starch as a thickener and special pigments, through which you can get the paint for the walls with the effect of silk or pearl coating. Most often, such particles are in the form of droplets or flakes.
The relief of the dye and the depth of its structure depends on the size of the filler particles:
- Fine-grained dyes are created on the basis of filler particles with a diameter not exceeding 0.5 mm.
- Medium-grained compositions – include particles with a size of 0.5-1 mm.
- Coarse dyes – the composition contains fractions with a diameter of 1-2 mm.
Before you buy graphite paint for walls or another version of the dye, you should be familiar with the manufacturer’s recommendations for use. As a basis for applying the dye can be used plaster, wood, brick or stone masonry, concrete surface.
The main distinctive feature of textured dyes from compositions that form a smooth surface is decorative. With the help of structural paints you can achieve amazing effects. On sale there are options that mimic different types of natural surfaces and materials:
- a rock.
Note! Material consumption is about 1 kg / m ?. Before you make a purchase, it is worthwhile to calculate the budget in advance, as the total cost of finishing can be very high, because the price of decorative paint for walls, especially with unusual effects, is much higher than that of wallpaper or standard dyes.
Despite the fact that painting can be done on top of the putty, panels of wood, chipboard, glass, plywood, metal and gypsum plasterboard (plasterboard sheets), the base still requires preparation. Qualitative result is possible only if the surface of the base is flat and clean. In addition, certain skills may be required to create a creative design. This finishes the finishes.
The advantages of finishing in the form of decorative paint:
- long service life – the average is 10 years, while high-quality wallpapers can last about 5 years;
- the ability to update the coating by applying a new layer of paint without the need for prior removal;
- environmental friendliness and safety;
- resistance to mechanical impact and sunlight. The surface does not provoke the development of mold;
- the possibility of creating a monolithic coating;
- simple care system due to the washable surface. In this case, the paint repels dirt well. This advantage is especially important for corners and zones around switches;
- the choice of design solutions, shades and textures will not force the buyer to think about how to get an unusual effect. Even the most sophisticated will find suitable options for their homes;
- The material gives complete freedom in relation to experiments. You can choose different shades or reliefs. The application of textured paint is carried out in layers using special rollers or spatulas. The choice of instrument depends on the effect you need to get;
- the versatility of the paint allows it to be used for the walls of the living room, kitchen, children’s, bathrooms;
- rich appearance;
- unique textured pattern;
- decorative coating has antistatic properties, due to which dust is repelled from the surface;
- good vapor permeability of the coating, which does not create obstacles to the movement of air masses in the room.
As a result of painting the walls with textured paint, it becomes possible to create a refined and unique interior. Each coloring composition has its own grain. The deeper and more expressive the texture should be, the greater the granularity of the filler should be selected. This indicator is indicated by the manufacturer on the package.
Helpful advice! Before proceeding with the direct application of paint, it is better to practice on a small section of the wall or a piece of plywood. If a wall is used as the basis for the test, the layer of the coloring composition applied during the workout must be removed after finishing with a steel spatula. Then the wall surface should be dried and coated with a primer.
The most important criterion for the selection of textured wallcoverings is the basis of the dye. Given this parameter, there are several varieties of finishing materials for creating textures.
Silicone paint – the most common type of dye intended for exterior and interior use. The material allows you to create a vapor-proof coating that is resistant to the effects of negative environmental factors (aggressive influence from the outside, moisture, temperature drops).
Mineral dye – the cheapest option to finish in the form of a dry powder. The composition of the material is lime and cement. Most often, the dye is used to finish the exterior walls of the building.
Silicate composition – It is considered the most expensive option, while it is practical to use. The coating is not at all afraid of external influences, it is easy to clean and repels dust particles and dirt perfectly. The material must be used with a primer having a similar basis.
Acrylic paint – comes in finished form, so it is very convenient to use. Allowed to add the necessary to create a certain effect of fillers, as well as colors for color adjustment.
There are several basic textures that can be obtained with texture paint.
Relief texture – the formation of such a coating is carried out by special fillers in the composition of the dye. The technology of application is very simple, so even a person who does not have experience can cope with the work.
- stencil – template for work can be purchased at a specialty store or make it yourself. For this suitable plastic sheet, linoleum or thick film;
- star dust – contrasting specks are applied with a different shade to the surface of the painted wall with the help of a brush with stiff bristles. To do this, squeeze out excess paint, bend the nap in the direction from the wall and let it go;
- Contrast – a combination of contrasting shades looks attractive. Color variation can be either on different walls or on one (in the form of contrasting geometric shapes, for example, rhombuses, squares, etc.). To make the patterns even, it is recommended to use masking tape;
- aged surface – a dye of a contrasting shade is applied to the painted wall and worked out with repeated touches of a brush or sponge before the composition begins to dry.
At the last stage, the surface is covered with interior lacquer, which will enhance the expressiveness of the pattern. At this method of applying the dye does not end there. It all depends on available tools and fantasy. The main thing is to observe safety precautions during work: use gloves, put on a hat and glasses to prevent the dye from getting into the eyes.