In this article, you will learn what properties decorative plaster has for interior decoration of walls, you will get acquainted with the main classifications of this material, as well as the technology of their application. Will be considered the possibility of using plaster for decorating walls in various premises: kitchen and bathroom, corridor and hallway, balcony and loggia. You will learn how to independently prepare and apply the composition to the surface.
Types of decorative plasters: photos with the names of materials
Often decorative plaster is used as a wall surface finish: in the photo, of which there are many in the network, this material is used for exterior (facade) and interior work.
Note! The specificity of using this coating depends on its composition, technical characteristics, decorative properties and other factors.
The modern range offers many shades, types, textures of decorative plaster, the photos of which eloquently reflect the advantages of this coating.
Compared to other finishes, plaster has many advantages:
- the surface is hard to damage, it exhibits increased resistance to mechanical stress;
- the ability to perform a unique pattern on the walls;
- easy cleaning system (contamination from the surface is eliminated with a wet sponge);
- a simple coating system with high-quality results (there are many ways to apply decorative plaster with your own hands, even without relevant experience);
- extensive color gamut, as well as the possibility of obtaining non-standard and rare shades in the independent production of the mixture;
- affordable prices for the purchase of material;
- a large selection of decorative designs, allowing you to choose the plaster for any stylistic direction of design in the interior;
- Provides additional sound insulation in the room;
- does not deteriorate under the influence of humidity and temperature extremes.
These are not all the advantages that this type of coverage can offer.
Note! Each type of material is characterized by its own advantages, which are manifested not only in the process of decorating the walls with decorative plaster with their own hands, but also during further use.
In the framework of the classification of decorative plasters by type of base, several varieties of this finishing coating are distinguished.
Acrylic plaster – the composition of the mixture included acrylic resins, so that the material becomes plastic, and its surface becomes water-repellent. The negative aspects of the use of this finish include a low indicator of fire resistance. For this reason, it is worth avoiding sharing indoor acrylic plaster and mineral insulating materials.
Silicone – the most expensive type of plaster coating, used in combination with special priming compositions. In this case, the high price of decorative plaster for interior walls is determined by improved characteristics: elasticity, high breathability, versatility. Silicone coating not only lays well on any treated surface, but also is sold in finished form, which eliminates errors when mixing the composition.
Mineral plaster – finish applied on surfaces with mineral coating and primer (quartz). The sale of plaster comes in finished form and it is presented in white mass, in which, if desired, you can add coloring pigments.
Silicate plaster – The basis for the composition is silicate glass, used in most cases to perform facade work. The material is characterized by rapid solidification, so the process of applying decorative plaster with your own hands is possible only with special skills and experience. The time for applying plaster and forming patterns is very limited.
Helpful advice! When buying material pay attention to the date of manufacture. The closer the expiration date, the harder it is to work with the finish.
Below are the estimated prices of decorative acrylic plaster, as well as other material options that differ from each other in their base.
|Trademark||Name||Grain size, mm||Price per bucket 25 kg, rub|
|Silicate Silicone Bark||2||2275|
|Weber-vertonit||Silicate Silicone Coat||2||2365|
|Silicate Silicone Bark||2||2370|
|Ceresit||Bark beetle for painting||2.5||640|
|White bark beetle||3.5||672|
|Kameshkovaya under coloring||2.5||765|
|Weber-vertonit||White bark beetle||2.5||500|
Note! The table shows that the price of decorative stone plaster on a silicone base is higher than the cost of acrylic materials with the same grain size.
As a rule, the final cost of the material is influenced not only by its composition, grain size and properties, but also by the manufacturer, who sets its pricing policy, as well as the stores that sell.
Consider what types of plaster exist depending on the type of filler.
Textured – The filler for this decorative plaster for interior walls can be small pebbles, natural wood fibers or mica. Thanks to all these components, the surface acquires volume. Used in combination with a roller, stencil or brush to obtain patterns and patterns on the surface.
Structural – as a filler manufacturers use grains of various minerals of natural origin, such as quartz. In the network you can find a lot of photos of drawings of decorative plaster of this type. As a rule, its surface is characterized by greater uniformity than the previous version. The grooves formed in the process of applying the material on the wall have different widths and depths. The drawing is obtained by smearing the plaster movements in different directions.
Venetian – the filler in this case is marble crumb, which can be colored with the help of colored pigments. The coating is smooth, brilliant, almost nacreous. As a rule, two shades are applied to get a beautiful effect on the surface. On sale you can find materials and with a large number of colors in the composition.
Flock – Silk fibers are used to fill the material. In the photo in the interior, the decorative wet silk plaster looks like a woven coating. It is soft enough to touch. This type of material is derived from the use of modern technology and has a high cost.
Helpful advice! Silk plaster has a complex application technology. This procedure should be divided into three stages: the application of the adhesive base, then the flocks and the lacquer composition.
Not only the prices of decorative plaster for interior work, but also the cost of services for applying this coating to the surface depend on the technical characteristics of the material. Each effect has its own technology of application and has a unique appearance.
If you decide to use the services of a specialized company, masters can not only apply coating, but also carry out material testing. The table shows the services of a trial application of decorative plaster (price per m2).
Average prices for technologist services:
|Name of service||Price, rub. / M?|
|Departure technologist + testing a single sample||from 3000|
|Testing of each subsequent sample||from 1500|
|Departure technologist in the area||from 3000 (+30 rubles per km)|
Consider common popular effects on plaster surfaces.
Bark beetle – plaster with a pronounced structure and filling in the form of marble chips. In the process of coating the surface, fractions of marble, which are of different sizes, form grooves on the wall. The size of these recesses depends on the size of the marble particles. In the photo of decorative bark beetle plaster, the effect imitating wood bark is clearly visible. But if you wish, you can achieve a different result by applying the material with various movements.
Graffiti – type of material relating to textured varieties of plaster. The application procedure is carried out using a special tool – a pistol with an automatic principle of operation. In the photo of decorative plaster for interior walls, you can see that the effect of masonry is almost indistinguishable from the natural. At the same time with the execution of works you can handle yourself.
Antique – such plaster is made on the basis of latex, so that in areas where friction occurs, the surface of the coating becomes a lighter shade. Through the use of this material, you can get a reliable imitation of the aged surface. The plaster coating applied with the use of special equipment is covered with cracks.
Helpful advice! If you add not one but two shades to the plaster, the cracks will have a different color.
Professional application of decorative plaster: the price of work per m2
On the market there are many companies involved in applying decorative plaster, photos of finished works can be found on sites on the Internet. Therefore, problems with the choice of contractor and materials should not be.
Average cost for professional services:
|The name of the material||Surface effect||Price, rub. / M?|
|Aretino Seth||wet silk||600|
|Santa Eliya Pearl||sandstorm||600|
The cost indicated in the table refers not only to the application of decorative plaster directly, the price of the work also includes surface preparation and painting. With pricing for more complex types of work with bulk plasters you can find below.
Prices for professional application of bulk plaster:
|The name of the material||Surface effect||Price, rub. / M?|
|Minerals + Velázquez + Favretto||art concrete + marmorin||1500|
|Tiziano + Minerals + Velasquez||traverine + world map||1300|
|Batista + Favretto||Moroccan plaster + craquelure||1300|
The technology of applying the above materials includes the following procedures: organization of the substrate, applying a plaster coating, glazing.
Note! The cost does not include preparatory work, as well as consumables. Such materials include plastic film, masking tape, etc.
Often on the Internet you can find photos of decorative plaster in the interior of the kitchen and other rooms where the coating looks unusual and original.
If you adhere to the requirements and technology, the coating on the walls will be beautiful, durable and durable.