A civilized person, in any place where he intends to remain for a long time, tries first of all to equip a place for the administration of natural physiological needs. Therefore, at each cottage there is always one or another type of toilet. Many equip a regular closet with a cesspool. However, not always and not everywhere is possible. In such cases, the perfect solution is a bio-toilet. For those who grow vegetables on the land plot, the most suitable solution would be to purchase a variety of it with peat-based filling. It is better to choose which peat toilet to give, everyone decides for himself, based on his idea of comfort and financial possibilities.
Purpose and principle of peat toilets
Like all dry closets, peat closets are intended for use in those places where the construction of sewage is impossible or impractical. Indeed, why build complex sewer communications in the country, where the owners are only a few times over the summer. The construction of an outdoor latrine toilet can be problematic due to the very high level of groundwater. Peat toilet can be installed anywhere, even inside the country house, even in a separate booth in the yard.
The principle of the peat toilet is based on the property of peat to absorb feces and process them into compost, which, when in contact with the soil, turns into humus. In this case, peat is able to partially eliminate odors. It should be noted that peat recycles solid feces, therefore, excess water should be discharged to the outside.
The peat toilet device is simple. This is a container, similar to an ordinary bucket, only of large size. On top of it is a seat, like a toilet bowl. A peat mixture is poured into the tank attached to the tank, which can be purchased at any specialty store. It contains sawdust necessary for humus.
Peat is placed in a container before and after using the toilet for its intended purpose. The mechanism of its filling is different, from the usual falling asleep with a shovel, to special mechanical devices in the tank, when turning the knobs of which the mixture pours into the container.
Helpful advice! When deciding on which peat toilet to give it is better to choose, you should pay attention to the presence of a discharge hose, which is designed to remove excess water from the tank. Urine, passing through a layer of peat, is cleaned and becomes safe for nature. Therefore, it can be diverted directly to the soil.
Depending on the model and intensity of use, it is necessary to empty the capacity 1 – 2 times a month. Peat particles, like cat litter, absorb organic matter. All this mass is poured into the compost pit, where the process of formation of humus occurs. After some time, the finished organic fertilizer can be applied to the beds or under fruit trees.
Which peat toilet for giving is better to choose, you can decide, knowing the basic parameters of several models. All peat toilets have their own advantages and disadvantages. The undoubted advantages include:
- small dimensions;
- no need for sewage;
- environmental friendliness, safety and even the use of waste, with their disposal;
- ease of maintenance;
- possibility of installation in any convenient place.
Of the minuses of this product can be noted: not completely eliminating odors and the need for systematic cleaning of the contents. This disadvantage is completely eliminated in modern high-priced models.
Today, the industry produces several types of peat toilets. They differ in size, complexity of the device, design features, country of manufacture and price. It can be noted that the dimensions of the product depend on the capacity of the container. It varies from 60 to 150 liters. On average, the dimensions of the toilet are 780X600X800 mm. By type of construction can be distinguished simplified versions and “complete set”.
The simplest design involves only the presence of a bucket with a seat. Sometimes, instead of a bucket, a special disposable bag is used that can be processed in the soil. Peat in such models is manually poured directly into the tank. At cost, they are in the lineup of the most budget options.
The design with a tank and a discharge hose can be attributed to the average price models. They are the most popular, since they have a sufficient set of functions at quite reasonable prices. Therefore, many do not ask themselves what peat toilet is better for giving. They acquire an affordable model with a minimum of necessary features.
The most expensive models of peat toilets can cost $ 500 – $ 600. Most often it is imported products, although there are also domestic copies in this price range. The most popular are toilets of Finnish production and some domestic models manufactured using similar technology.
In the expensive peat toilets, in addition to the above main parts, there is a ventilation pipe with a forced-type hood. Due to their design and use of deodorizing substances, these models are not able to emit an unpleasant odor.
Helpful advice! If the family has a child or a small person, then it is better to acquire a domestic model. Finnish counterparts have a higher seat, which is not very convenient for small people.
When the question of which peat toilet to give is better resolved, and the product purchased, it is necessary to properly install it in your area. If this is a simple model that does not require any special operating conditions, then such a toilet can be placed anywhere. This can be done in a booth on the street, and you can right in the house, in a specially designated place for this purpose. Such models require regular emptying of the bucket, as they may not be drained.
The most sought-after middle-class models are installed in a similar way, but provide a hole in the wall through which the drain hose comes out. Water flows through it directly into the ground or into a compost pit.
Helpful advice! In order for compost formation to proceed correctly and efficiently, the drain hose must not be placed directly on the compost. Moisture should drain into it along the groove dug into the ground. This will allow the excess to go into the soil without creating excessive moisture, which adversely affects the formation of humus.
To build a peat bio-toilet with ventilation is also not difficult. Industrial models in the kit already have the necessary set of pipes. Most often they are 2 meters long. The exhaust pipe is put on the capacity of the toilet in the place designated for this, and the second part rises up above the roof of the house or booth. The hose for draining the fluid is displayed outside the wall and lowers to the ground.
Helpful advice! If the peat toilet is planned to be used in winter, then with the purchase it is necessary to pay attention to the quality of the plastic. You need to ask the seller for what range of temperatures it is intended.
What a peat toilet is better for giving, everyone decides for himself. You can buy an expensive model with a beautiful design that doesn’t spoil the interior of the dacha, and perhaps also the acquisition of a simple design that does not have premium quality, but regularly copes with its direct responsibilities. For those who want to save, there is also the option of self-peat toilet device. Make it not be difficult for any man with “hands”.