In order to grow healthy and organic vegetables, as well as create a favorable environment for them, it is necessary to make a lot of effort. An excellent solution to this problem is the independent cultivation of some crops in the greenhouse throughout the year. This article will discuss how to make a practical greenhouse out of polypropylene pipes with your own hands without significant financial investments.
Greenhouse from polypropylene pipes do it yourself: design features
If you decide to make a greenhouse of plastic pipes with your own hands, and not to purchase a ready-made structure, you should decide on the type of future greenhouse. Depending on the shape of the frame, the following types of frames are distinguished:
- rectangular, which, in turn, are divided into two types: for single and dual roof;
- combined: consisting of several sections;
- rectangular shape with arched roof.
For a better understanding of the varieties of designs, it is recommended to see photos of PVC greenhouses with their own hands. You should also read the reviews of experienced gardeners who use different types of greenhouses to learn about the advantages and disadvantages of a particular design.
Which option to give preference depends solely on your desires and preferences. There are some recommendations of experts on this issue. So, for personal use (in the event that you do not plan to grow vegetables for sale in large volumes), it is recommended to install small or medium-sized greenhouses, whose length is in the range of 4-12 m, width not more than 3 m, and height about 2 -2.4 m
Helpful advice! For each bed, 80 to 100 cm should be set aside to provide enough space for plants to grow comfortably, as well as the possibility of convenient care for them. This indicator should be guided in the process of carrying out calculations.
With regard to materials suitable for creating a greenhouse frame of plastic pipes, the best are plumbing PVC pipes whose diameter ranges from 16-110 mm. Along the length, you can use any pipe, usually from 2 to 5 m.
Sometimes you can find on sale plastic pipes that have a layer of fiberglass with polypropylene or aluminum. Their strength is much higher, although the cost of such pipes is quite high. It is possible to meet the statement that such investments are not justified, therefore this choice should be made from consideration of own financial possibilities.
For different parts of the structure, it is preferable to use pipes of different diameters: from 25 to 32 mm for arched elements, 50 mm and more? for elements that perform the support function, especially when it comes to rectangular structures.
Plastic pipes, despite their lightness and relatively low cost, have a lot of positive characteristics. The ease of installation and the resistance of the material to external factors makes it popular among gardeners. Consider some of the advantages of its use:
- high wear resistance: the lifetime of PVC pipes can reach up to 10 years;
- not exposed to moisture and rotting processes;
- fire resistant;
- environmentally friendly, do not emit hazardous substances;
- they do not deform even under severe mechanical loads, withstand strong winds;
- resistant to chemical and biological influences.
- due to the flexibility of the material, it can easily be given any shape, bending the desired radius into an arc.
These characteristics make the use of plastic pipes in self-construction of greenhouses convenient and justified. If you correctly make all the preliminary calculations and purchase material according to your needs, you can avoid unnecessary expenses, as well as create a high-quality and reliable greenhouse with minimal financial investments.
In order to make a greenhouse of PVC pipes with their own hands, you will need a drawing, or at least a sketch. The easiest way to find a suitable scheme on the Internet, however, many prefer to draw it yourself, creating the necessary design, ideally suited to the size and location in the garden or local area.
Deciding to prepare a greenhouse drawing of polypropylene pipes with your own hands, you need to think in advance what the shape of the frame will be, how large the structure should be, and most importantly how many connecting nodes it will have. This is important because they are more expensive than all other elements. Other important aspects that need to be thought out before you start building a greenhouse with HDPE pipes with your own hands should include:
- the type of foundation you want to use as a foundation;
- selection of materials to be used for the construction and covering of the greenhouse;
- location and shape of the main nodes;
- the distance at which the structural elements are located;
- method of fastening parts together and their docking.
Helpful advice! To connect plastic pipes together, you can use several different methods, for example, you can fasten them with screws, glue, solder or use special connecting fittings.
The easiest and most affordable option for self-manufacturing greenhouse is an arched frame made of polypropylene pipes, as a covering material for which the film is used. Rectangular structures are more complex in construction and require the most accurate calculations, as well as the presence of additional edges for structural rigidity.
Another important aspect that you should definitely take into account before giving preference to one or another type of structure is the number of joints that weaken the structure. The more of them, the less resistant the greenhouse to various influences, including atmospheric loads.
Full installation of a greenhouse construction of polypropylene pipes takes only a few hours and even one person can handle it. Although, working together is much easier and more convenient. It is necessary to carry out the assembly on a previously prepared, level ground.
Preparation of the territory for the installation of a greenhouse includes clearing the site of grass and garbage, as well as laying the foundation. For the greenhouse strip foundation is perfect, but you can also lay out the site with bricks, stones or blocks. It is even easier to use for this purpose timber or boards of 50X100 mm or 50X150 mm in size, depending on the size of the greenhouse.
To create a complete foundation, it is worth adhering to the following algorithm:
- The site is marked according to the drawing.
- Pegs are hammered in the corners, and a rope is stretched along the perimeter of the site.
- Topsoil is best removed. It will be enough to remove approximately 30-50 cm of soil.
- Along the perimeter, it is advisable to dig a trench, the depth of which will be 30-70 cm, and the width – 30-40 cm.
- It is necessary to maximally level the bottom and fill the trench with a layer of 10-20 cm in the trench and 10-20 cm over the sandstone. Further, the layers need to be compacted.
- After that one, and better two layers of roofing material are laid.
- The timber or planks that you plan to use, must be treated with antiseptic impregnation and fluff coating with liquid bitumen.
- After drying, they can be laid out in a trench. At this stage, it is worth checking the geometry so that the diagonals and angles are equal;
- In conclusion, galvanized corners are fastened and fixed with long screws.
Helpful advice! If you need to strengthen the base, then you can cut down the end of the beam half and put one in the other. For fixing it is enough to drill through both beams through and tighten them with bolts.
To provide additional waterproofing, roofing material is laid at the top and along the sides of the foundation. Only after that you can go to the backfill.
Helpful advice! For a better understanding of the construction process, it is useful to see step-by-step instructions with a photo of greenhouse plastic pipes with your own hands. In addition, a lot of visual advice can be obtained by looking at the video greenhouse PVC pipes with their own hands.
To make the frame of a greenhouse, you need to cut a pre-prepared pipe according to the size, as indicated in the drawing. For this purpose, you can use the grinder or hacksaw for metal. In this case, the ends need to be cleaned with a file.
It is worth starting with the assembly of fronts. It is most convenient to do this on the ground, and then to install and fix ready-made elements to the foundation.
Particular attention should be paid to the door, as its convenience is directly related to the comfort of your use. In order to assemble the doors, you will need 2 vertical and 3 horizontal parts, as well as 4 corners and 2 tees, which will serve to connect all the elements.
Two vertical posts with a height of approximately 2-2.1 m will be used to create an opening, on one side of which loops will be fixed. At this stage, one of the transverse elements 50–70 cm wide will also be required.
Then we take PVC pipe, the length of which corresponds to the length of the arch, and we put on it all the existing tees so that the distance between them corresponds to the width of the opening. The opening is fixed on the tees.
Helpful advice! Using tees, you can significantly enhance the strength of the structure. For this, it is enough to put 2-3 pieces on the front arch and fix additional horizontal stiffeners on them.
In order for the greenhouse to stand firmly, reinforcing rods, which are 8-12 mm thick, are driven into the ground. This should be done from the outside of the foundation, hammering them to a depth of 30 to 70 cm. At the same time, at least 50-80 cm of the rod should remain outside. The distance that should be observed in this case should not exceed 1 m. It is usually from 60 to 90 cm.
To make a greenhouse from polypropylene pipes is quite simple. Adhering to all the recommendations and instructions, you can create a solid and beautiful design that will be an excellent complement to the site and allow you to grow seedlings, vegetables and greens. The main thing is to choose the right materials and ensure their reliable bond between them.