Undoubtedly, the classical wooden bath surpasses any other options in environmental friendliness and utility for the body. However, wood has two major drawbacks: susceptibility to rotting and high cost. Today exit found. There is a building material, devoid of these disadvantages. These are foam blocks. Modern private construction is unthinkable without this wonderful material. In particular, there are a large number of projects of baths from foam blocks, the photos of which can serve as a model for an individual project. Due to its hygroscopic properties, foam concrete is not very suitable for this purpose, but, thanks to the use of modern waterproofing materials, it is widely used.
Foam concrete and foam blocks: advantages and disadvantages
Constant search for new building materials led mankind to the creation of foam concrete. This unique material is created in three different ways, on which its properties and appearance depend:
- Aerated concrete is produced by adding aluminum powder to the cement solution, which gives a chemical reaction. During the process, the molds are placed in an autoclave, where the concrete is solidified under pressure, forming a porous mass.
- Foam concrete is made using a foaming agent. In this case, hardening occurs naturally.
- Silicate concrete owes its white lime color to be added to the aerated concrete mix solution.
Any of these materials can be the basis for the construction of a bath of foam blocks: projects, photos and drawings of objects can be studied in large numbers before construction.
Foam concrete blocks have unique qualities that cannot be found in natural materials:
- low specific gravity and density: most products do not sink in water until they are soaked through;
- comfortable dimensions: one person can easily take a block, lift and manipulate it freely;
- ease of installation: even an unprepared person can make laying out of blocks, having studied the basic rules. Some species have a special lock, which further facilitates the process of laying. The blocks are easily sawn with a hacksaw, which allows you to cut them at any angle;
- low cost: most of the volume of the foam block is air, which costs nothing, and production has a high degree of automation.
Among the drawbacks, it is worth noting the high hygroscopicity. This material absorbs water, which becomes a destroyer at low temperatures. This deficiency determines the peculiarities of the projects of baths made of foam blocks, the photo of the table of which is always provided with the stages of waterproofing.
What is better foam block or gas block: a comparison of several parameters. Analysis of all parameters and their phased comparison. The quality criteria of foam blocks and gas blocks, important for the consumer, strength, size.
In our time, the bath does not only serve as a unitary room for washing people, but is also an object in which you can relax and unwind from the bustle of the city. In this regard, build a bath today with an eye to it. In addition to the main premises, such as a steam room and a washing room, there may be a rest room, a terrace, an attic and even a swimming pool.
Among the projects of baths from foam blocks, photos of objects with a rest room are the most common. In this case, the lounge also plays a role in the dressing rooms. It is made much more than the rest of the premises, since it is necessary to place a table, chairs and other furniture items there.
The most budgetary and optimal option is to build a 4×6 m bath. In this case, the entire area can be divided by a partition in half, and one of the halves can be divided in half or in proportion. In the resulting large room have a rest room, and in the small washing room and steam room.
Helpful advice! When building a bath with a rest room, it is necessary to provide a vestibule or a waiting room at the entrance from the street. This will not allow cold air to freely enter the room in winter.
Another series of bath projects from foam blocks, the photo of which contains elegant parapets. This is a bath with terraces. These outdoor areas can be equipped with armchairs and tables, as well as barbecue grills and stoves. Terraces have a single design with a bath and one structural basis.
Some projects include the construction of a second floor in the attic. Most often this is done by those who do not have other residential buildings on the site. In the attic, you can spend the night after a rest.
Before the start of work, you must select a site for construction. It should be in a place of the site where all fire safety rules and SNiP 30-02-97, which regulate the rules of land development, will be observed.
According to these rules, the bath should be 1 m behind the fence, 8 m from the neighbor’s house, and not less than 5 m from its “possessions”. If these rules are not observed, then the neighbors can appeal your construction and have to demolish the building. The site itself must be in a dry place, since the foam blocks “do not like” water.
After selecting the site you need to decide on the type of foundation. Since foamed concrete has a low weight, the construction of a massive strip foundation under the entire structure is not appropriate. To save money, you can offer the following scheme for the construction of the foundation:
- strip foundation along the contour of the steam bath and washing room with a cement screed device over the entire area. The depth of occurrence depends on the properties of the soil and can be no more than 30 cm;
- device monolithic foundations under the main oven and barbecue oven on the terrace. The height of the monolith must be up to the level of the floor;
- pillar or pile foundation under the rest room and terrace.
The waterproofing layer must be laid on the tape foundation. On piles or columns, the frame is made of a metal corner along the contour, on which the foam blocks will be laid. Such a construction of a combined foundation implies the existence of a capital wall between the main room of the bath and the rest room, but it saves a lot on concrete.
Helpful advice! So that the blocks are not damp and not collapsed, you need to build external and internal waterproofing on the walls. Outside, it is desirable to make a ventilated facade with waterproofing and insulation.
About how to do the laying, you can understand, having studied the projects of the baths of foam blocks. Photos of some of them show in detail the whole technology. There is nothing difficult here. Foam blocks are stacked in rows around the perimeter of the foundation strictly level. Every three rows, it is necessary to place a masonry grid for a bunch of blocks. Window and door openings on top are closed by jumpers from the corner. Since foam blocks are well cut, you do not need to invent anything to lay out the openings. The blocks are simply cut to size.
Helpful advice! For a more reliable junction of the inner capital wall to the outer one, they are interconnected by reinforcement bent at an angle. It is placed in arcuate grooves, cut through a special wall chaser.
The construction of the roof and the interior decoration of the foam block house is no different in any way from the construction of baths made of other materials. In order for the entire structure to work out qualitatively, soundly and beautifully, it is necessary to follow all the recommendations.