Many residents of country and country villages dream to decorate their garden with an elegant gazebo. They revise the pages of virtual journals in search of an interesting solution. And it is, it is a tree gazebo with its hands: by following the construction technology step by step and adhering to the recommendations of experienced professionals, you can build a unique pavilion, which will become your favorite vacation spot for the whole family and your guests. Self-construction not only saves the budget, but also allows you to get a lot of pleasure from the process.
Drawings and dimensions of a gazebo do it yourself
Arbor designs are very diverse and interesting. Some facilities are different non-standard forms, they can be open or closed, equipped with barbecue and barbecue. But if you decide to build for the first time, it is better to choose an open structure of simple form, for example, square or hexagon. Drawings and sketches in the project of such an arbor will not be complicated and are quite amenable to self-development.
First of all, you have to decide on the design of the structure and choose a place for future construction. Development of the project includes two stages: the creation of a sketch and design drawings in the profile and frontal projections. In the arbor drawings, the dimensions, the height of the uprights, the shape of the roof, the location of the entrance, the height of the fence are shown. If stationary installation of the table and benches is supposed, it is necessary to display their location in the plan.
Separately, the working scheme of the foundation and the drawing of the roof with its shape, height, angle of inclination are performed. Schemes of technical units (roof, rafters, steps), construction erection technology, specifications for foundation materials, walls, partitions, floors, roofs are prescribed in the project. It also takes into account the consumption of a special composition for the effective processing of wood from external factors.
If it is intended to equip the structure with lighting, the luminaire installation sites and the electrical wiring diagram are fixed in the drawing. This also applies to the possible connection to the water pavilion.
Competently made project is the key to successful construction. Accurate calculations of the number of required bars, planks, fasteners, roofing, hardware and other necessary elements will make it possible to purchase a full set of materials for construction and avoid unreasonable costs.
Helpful advice! Purchase materials should be with a small margin, given that some parts may be mistakenly damaged during installation or in the purchased materials will be defective items.
If you doubt your engineering skills, and the development of the project will seem difficult for you, you can use ready-made drawings of wooden arbors with your own hands. Photos, sketches of such buildings abound on the Internet.
The construction of the gazebo is a painstaking process that requires attention, adherence to the rules of installation and the exact following of the project. If all the work will be performed in a certain sequence, the process will go easily and in just two or three days the construction will be ready. It is recommended to check in advance the availability of all the tools and purchase all the required materials according to the calculations so that due to the absence of any detail the matter does not stall.
Wood processing requires special equipment and tools. Check for their presence and serviceability. For work you will need:
- shovel or drill – for the device of the pit or pit under the foundation;
- construction level, roulette, square;
- the rule;
- chisel, hammer, wrenches, roofing knife;
- hacksaw, jigsaw or circular saw;
- drill or screwdriver;
- building hair dryer;
- electric plane;
- construction cord – for marking;
- emery paper, paint brushes, spatula;
The amount of materials required for construction is taken on the basis of the specification:
- sand, crushed stone, cement – depending on the type of foundation: columnar or tape;
- formwork board – if a tape base is intended;
- timber with a different section – 50×150 mm is used for the bottom trim, the center beam of the frame and the floor log; 100×100 mm – for vertical posts, top trim; 50×100 mm – used for corner, auxiliary and short rafters, as well as fencing railings; 50×50 mm – for fencing balusters;
- floor board;
- roofing – plywood panels 12 mm thick;
- roofing material – for insulation work;
- flexible (bitumen) tiles, bitumen glue;
- fasteners – screws, angle brackets, metal corners, screws, roofing nails;
- primer, putty for wood;
- paint, varnish.
As an example, a small square-shaped wooden gazebo with a hipped roof will be used.
Having chosen a suitable place for an arbor, proceed to the preparation of the site. It is necessary to remove all rubbish, remove shrubs and tree roots there. If there are bumps or cavities, they are aligned.
Helpful advice! If possible, do not install a gazebo near the roadway or the neighbor’s fence, try to arrange the gazebo in a place that offers a beautiful view of the garden, alpine slide or pond.
Next, make markup for the future structure. To do this, drive the first wedge and mark the entire perimeter of the building from it, fixing the corners with wedges. Between them stretch the construction cord. At this stage it is very important to maintain the correct angle, as this will subsequently affect the strength of the whole structure. To verify this, you need to check the diagonal of the resulting square. If they are the same, then the marking is correct and the angle of 90 degrees is observed.
Basically, for small wooden structures using strip or column foundation. Since the construction of a wooden square arbor is rather light, a columnar foundation is chosen as its base. To do this, perform pits with a depth of 80 cm, lay a layer of sand (5-6 cm) on their bottom and pour a layer of concrete at about 8-10 cm.
When the concrete mix hardens a little, the racks are lowered into it. They must be installed vertically. After the level will be made vertical alignment of the supports, their position is fixed temporary sticking.
It is possible to fix support bars using adjustable anchors. To do this, suitable sections of metal pipes are placed in the pits, the solution is poured into the pipes’ cavity, and after a slight setting of the solution, fasteners (anchors) are installed. When the concrete finally grabs (at least 48 hours), it will be possible to fix the vertical stands. After installing all the supports, it is necessary to make sure that their position is correct: the distance between adjacent supports should be strictly the same over the entire height of the supports (below, in the middle and above).
The symbol of peace and tranquility in your garden is a tree gazebo with your own hands. Step-by-step following all the recommendations, assembling the construction yourself is not at all easy. And handmade products are always distinguished by their special comfort and warmth.