To surround yourself with beauty is the logical desire of a person. Fashion and tastes change, but the desire to spend more time in nature remains unchanged. This opportunity gives suburban areas, but they require care and the creation of certain conditions. Pergola is a great place to relax in the garden: the photo in the landscape design of such structures presented in this article will tell you how to easily organize a similar oasis on the site.
Pergola: what it is, for what purpose and where it is placed
Without resorting to an exact translation of the word “pergola”, the following definition can be given to this concept: it is a canopy or screen that creates support for climbers that obscure or cover certain areas. In turn, the sites themselves inside the buildings can be used as a place of rest. Pergolas are common in country houses, in country houses. They are used in the construction of terraces, summer cafes, playgrounds. The main functions that perform pergolas, we can assume:
- maintaining climbing plants during their growth and development;
- shading certain areas;
- site delimitation;
- creation of landscape design.
Practically never this structure performs only one function. Even if the task is simple – to separate the part of the garden, where unpresentable buildings for storing garden tools are located – attention is paid to the aesthetics of the design. Therefore, pergola is involved in creating landscape design.
By making a support for the grapes, you can provide the conditions required for its growth and make a great place to relax. If you wish to have on the site climbers with a long flowering period, such as clematis, Kobeya, ipomeya, the manufacture of pergolas is necessary. It can be created in an interesting shape and placed along an alley or path – it will turn out to be a beautiful and shaded place for walking. You can also make a cozy terrace with a pergola canopy.
The main difference between pergolas and sheds is the lack of a solid upper floor and the presence of curling greens. In landscape design pergola often plays a dominant role, being the main decoration of the site. Therefore, its choice and creation must be approached creatively.
Arches are a popular support for flowers in summer residences of small size. Most often they are used for shading paths, walkways or simply to support climbing plants in flower beds. In a wooden structure, the arched part is relatively small, this is due to certain limitations in the manufacture – the size of the blanks. The ability to perform the thread on this material, the use of burning technique, decorating with different shades of lacquer and other coatings make the pergola a real work of art.
Helpful advice! Defining ways of artistic processing of the arched structure of wood, it is necessary to carefully select the means for protective and decorative coatings. They must be intended for external work.
When mounting the structure, an error is often made: massive supports are selected. Then the composition as a whole looks heavy and rough. And gentle flowers twisting on it with graceful carved leaves are lost among a large number of “tree”. We can not allow the diameter or (if it is a timber) the thickness of the supports to significantly exceed the width of the arch. The distance between the arches, connected by transverse crossbars, should not be less than 50 cm. Otherwise, it will not be possible to decorate the structure with abundant green mass, and it will look like an unnecessary element of the garden plot.
Installed in small areas and arches, pergolas made of metal. They are much more elegant wooden. If the design is intended for grapes, then the main aesthetic requirements – smooth lines, proportionality, quality material. Metal arch for flowers can be decorated with decorative elements. The advantages of arched structures:
- the possibility of placing on a small area;
- increase the length of support for the development of plants due to the rounded shape;
- visual perception of aspiration upwards, which creates a vertical level of landscaping the site.
Arched structures, not even decorated with additional design elements, are in themselves decorative structures.
Pergolas in the form of gazebos tend to have on their country site almost everything. It is an opportunity to communicate with loved ones in the open air, surrounded by a riot of flowers and fragrances. The structures of this facility can be very diverse:
- irregular shapes: zigzag, with overlapping in different levels.
The main difference between the pergola and gazebos from other similar structures – the presence of supports around the perimeter or circumference of the upper ceiling and the presence of a light side fence. Typically, such structures have a base – a coating of wood, stone, concrete, performing the function of the floor. Plants are planted in the ground along supports or for the most part of the perimeter.
If the structure is installed on soil unsuitable for planting plants (clay soil, sand), they can be placed in special tubs, the dimensions of which should correspond to the necessary growing conditions of the flowers planted in them. Furniture is always installed in the gazebos: tables, chairs, benches, sofas. The dimensions of these structures are significant, so often in the area gazebo becomes the dominant element of landscape design.
It is very important to determine the style of the site as a whole, then it will be easier to choose the variant of the pergola. Incompatible on one site:
- wooden pergolas, gazebos and metal arches;
- metal arbors and wooden arches;
- presence of stone, metal and wood in one design.
Helpful advice! Using the pergola as an “additional living space”, do not forget about the decorative purpose of these buildings in landscape design.
Nature is the natural environment for humans. Therefore, we experience aesthetic pleasure and peace, being among the green trees, the fragrance of flowers and herbs. In an effort to create a recreation area, it is necessary not only not to spoil the beauty presented by nature, but also to support and increase it. Pergola for roses should be a beautiful arch, necessarily framed by elegant buds. A beautifully decorated garden pergola will become a real resting place, and not a problematic site object. Make the right choice – and let the ideas in the photo help solve this problem.