The article will make a complete analysis of such a process as laying paving slabs on the sand: the technology of paving tile cover has its own characteristics depending on the type of foundation, these features will be considered. You will be able to study the main types of tiles (forms), find out the turnkey service prices, learn how to prepare a dry mix intended for paving paths, and carry out the calculation of materials.
Laying paving slabs on the sand: paving technology on different types of base
Improvement of the local area in the suburban area begins with planning. In order to purchase material for laying turnkey paving slabs, one should take into account some peculiarities of the paving technology and factors that may affect it.
First of all, pay attention to the following points:
- what soil will be used as a base;
- what loads the coating is supposed to be subjected to in the future;
- what kind of relief has the surface allotted for paving;
- what area will be covered with tiles;
- How will the paving be done?
Having set a goal to perform laying of paving slabs in the country, first you should determine the budget of such construction. On the basis of this, it is already possible to select the design, the variant of the covering and the base on which the pavement will be installed.
There are several methods of paving, depending on the type of foundation:
- dry mix.
Note! In each of these options, you will be dealing with both advantages and disadvantages, which relate to laying paving slabs on the sand and paving on other types of foundations.
The method of paving the coating on the hartsovka is performed when the pavement or platform is under a significant bias. In this case, to perform the laying of paving slabs on the sand-cement mixture, it will be necessary to sustain the proportions of materials 6: 1, where sand is needed to take 6 parts and cement – 1.
Advantages of technology:
- The ability to seize when inhaled.
- High fixation strength of the tile coating.
- Eliminates the movement of the tile from its place in the direction of inclination under the action of gravity.
The disadvantages include the process of work, which must be accelerated. The paving technology is complicated by the fact that the garret cannot be stored for a long time with wet sand. Under the influence of moisture in the cement, the setting is activated, therefore, it is necessary to act very quickly, while observing accuracy.
Departure from the rubble, also called screening, is characterized by less shrinkage than sand. Such a base is easy to level and tamper. The advantage of the technology is that the screening can fully replace the rubble cushion. In addition to this, it is possible to make a high-quality concrete mix from screenings.
Disadvantages of this method are also available. Using this technique of laying paving slabs in the country on unstable soils, it is necessary to form a cushion of rubble in order to organize a drainage layer for the normal discharge of water.
The use of a concrete base for paving a sidewalk requires the use of reinforcing elements. For these purposes, it is recommended to use reinforced plates with a cellular structure. Concrete mixture will subsequently be poured into these voids.
This paving technology offers two significant benefits. On the one hand, the coating acquires a high level of strength, on the other – due to this, the pavement is able to withstand severe loads in conditions of intensive use. The disadvantages include only the high cost of such construction.
The technology of paving on a sand pillow is one of the classic methods for decorating pavements. On this type of base can even fit a special rubber coating designed for tracks.
Helpful advice! Use a special tool (wooden mall, rubber mallet) when laying your own paving slabs on the sand to prevent damage to the surface.
Work with a sandy surface is characterized by simplicity. The execution of the sidewalk can be done in this case even with your own hands. But this does not mean that the technology does not require any effort and effort on your part.
There are also negative aspects of the technology, which involves paving tiles on the sand. The base may be flushed out from under the tile during heavy rains. To avoid this, you will need to install special borders around the perimeter of the track. Their installation greatly complicates the technology.
In some cases it is possible to lay paving slabs on an asphalt surface. This technology is performed when there is no desire to dismantle the old asphalt pavement.
The advantage of this method is saving, since paving will require a minimal layer of mortar. A few centimeters will suffice, since the asphalt itself already performs the function of a base and an amplifier.
The disadvantage of the technology, which is based on working with asphalt, is that the preparatory stage involves filling holes and voids in the coating, repairing cracks and even removing broken sections. You need to spend a significant amount of time and effort to prepare the work surface for laying the blanks.
The technology of paving on a dry mix for laying paving slabs is easy to perform. The main thing with this is to strictly observe the entire technological process of creating a cushion consisting of rubble and sand. Despite the obvious simplicity, you still have to be patient and careful if you want to get high-quality and reliable coverage.
They will help you figure out how to lay paving slabs in the sand, video tutorials and other instructions.
The most popular basis for creating sidewalks and paved grounds remains the sand cushion. The technology is quite simple and is accompanied by minimal effort, so many prefer the method of laying paving slabs on the sand.
Helpful advice! Sand pillow allows you to lay almost any type of tile coatings. Use this framework to work with sand-polymer blanks.
This technology will be especially useful in two cases:
- You have not decided until the end with the design of the backyard plot or are planning in the future to make any changes in the design of the yard.
- You do not want to spend time on the implementation of long and complex work associated with the formation of a multilayer basis of concrete.
There are several criteria for the selection of material for laying paving slabs on sand with cement. First, you need to look at the operational characteristics of the paving slabs. Secondly, it is necessary to carefully select the shape of the products, as well as the colors, so that the coating would later fit well into the overall exterior of the yard.
The modern range of tiled pavement coatings offers a variety of products that differ from each other in shape, color, thickness, material production, as well as the creation technology.
In order to choose the best coverage option, you should consider tile under the following criteria:
- Maximum loads that can withstand the product.
- What is the texture of the tile surface? It may be rough or smooth.
- Whether cutting of a material is required. It depends not only on the design of the track, but also on the shape and size of the tile itself.
- Will I need to pick a picture.
Each type of tile sets forth its own base requirements. This factor should also be considered when choosing a material.
Helpful advice! Determine the type of soil in the area where the breakdown of tracks will be carried out. Movable soil types can create problems even for footpaths, so you will need to build a concrete base. While on a solid ground, you can lay a coating under the car, even on a sandy pillow.
Choice of tiles depending on the purpose of the coating:
|Purpose of the coating||Type of tile blanks||The thickness of the blanks, cm||Required base type (pillow)||The ability to pave yourself||The level of prices for the purchase of material|
Such a coating variant, like paving slabs, can be put on the sand practically by everyone. Especially if you take into the work of simple forms of blanks and the most common schemes for their paving.
There are many forms of tile products for paving sidewalks, the most common ones are:
- Gzhel – the blank is covered with figured patterns;
- honeycombs – the tile has the shape of a hexagon;
- clover – blanks can have both a rough surface (the square shape of a tile without corners) and smooth (blanks of a complex shape);
- scales – has similar features with fish scales (used to create bulk coating);
- wave – like slate;
- parquet – blanks with a rough surface, reminiscent of candy “Iris”.
Note! The color range of paving materials is quite extensive and includes the following shades: burgundy, gray, green, yellow, red, orange, brown, etc.
Laying paving slabs (cost per square meter):
|Type of work||Price, rub. / M?|
|Paving + formation of sand and crushed stone||from 1600|
|Paving on a ready basis||from 400|
|Paving + concrete cushion formation||from 3350|
|Preparation of the concrete base||from 1750|
|Preparation of stone cushion||from 100|
|Paving on sand and rubble pad using a mixture||from 1700|
|Border mounting (rm)||from 120|
Getting started, not many people think about which sand to use for laying paving slabs in their yard. The fact is that there are many variants of this material, which has a different origin, size of fractions and operational characteristics.