Dacha is a magical place where we aspire after long working days. There you can relax from the city rush, enjoy loneliness, family unity or spend time in a fun and noisy group of friends. To make your stay outside the city as comfortable and aesthetically pleasing as possible, you just need to plan the landscape design of the summer cottage correctly: photos of beautiful ideas and planning recommendations will help you make the most of the area and organize a real paradise for an unforgettable vacation for the whole family.
Choosing a landscape design of the dacha: photo and description of styles
Many people, buying a ready-made plot, want to bring their own atmosphere into it, so they strive to decorate the country landscape design with their own hands; they will help you choose the photo and description of various styles. Today you can see a lot of landscape design solutions. Consider the most common ones.
The supporters of classic solutions draw up their possessions in a regular style. It is characterized by severity, weakly expressed symmetrical compositions and regular geometric forms and a certain pomp. This style requires careful maintenance and a large area. However, this does not mean that it is impossible to make his own hands. Photos of landscape design of the dacha plot of 15 acres in a regular style demonstrates the main thematic accents.
There is always a center here. It can be a fountain, a house or a sculpture. The whole composition is built around the center: symmetrical paths, exactly trimmed bushes and lawn, dense hedges, patterned flower beds. Everything is planted according to the schemes in clear geometric lines. Fountains and sculptures smooth severity and give a sense of calm and unity with nature.
The main rule of landscape style is the impression of not man-made origin. Elements of the landscape are arranged freely and naturally, as if they were created by nature itself. The uneven terrain, a pond of irregular shape, wild flowers and shrubs are compulsory satellites of landscape landscape design.
This style will appeal to lovers of romance and natural landscapes. He is not whimsical in care, does not require large financial investments. Create a corner of pristine nature with your own hands. Photos of landscape designs of suburban areas of 10 acres in landscape style will help to get a general idea of this design direction.
Country (rural) style – cheerful, unassuming, natural, with a mixture of bright colors. It attracts with its simplicity and carelessness. In the design using unpretentious flowers, compositions in village motifs. Old wooden wheels, flowers in wooden carts and barrels are suitable for decorating in this style. This style is suitable for cottages of any size, but it will look cozier in areas with a small area (6-12 acres).
Japanese style brings peace and harmony. Each element is simple and symbolic at the same time. Here you want to renounce worldly vanity and plunge into deep reflections on the eternal. As a decor, stone bridges, polished boulders, neatly cut shrubs with clear forms will be suitable. This style will be suitable for any sites, but the area of 6-8 acres will be optimal.
For small plots (6-8 acres) oriental style will suit. The main requirement of landscape design in this direction is a large amount of sunlight. Mosaic patterns of paths and fountains, colorful colors for flower beds, dome-shaped roofs and windows – arrows for a gazebo will be appropriate here. Mirrors and other bright accessories are used for decoration.
To create an oriental landscape design of the 6 hectare country house with its own hands (a photo is in confirmation), there is no need to purchase expensive materials. Mosaic patterns can easily be made from the remnants of ceramic tiles and old mirrors, and gold paint will help give accessories a feeling of high prices.
Exotic style appeals to lovers of travel, distant overseas countries and unusual combinations. In such a landscape design there are exotic plants, arranged in tiers. Natural composition of natural materials – stone, dark wood and a small pond (stream or swamp) are designed to give the site the naturalness of wildlife.
Dacha plot in the Alpine style – common in our time direction of landscape design. Suitable for areas with different area. The style is reminiscent of the highlands and pristine nature. Thematic centers may be located on an elevation house, rock gardens and rockeries.
Natural stone is present in all decorative compositions. The decoration of alpine hills, ponds and streams, the finishing of flower beds must be made using gravel, slate, granite. In this direction in landscape design, such decorative structures as cascading flower beds and ponds, stone gardens and dry streams are inherent.
The name speaks for itself. The main requirement of free landscape design is harmony and a sense of peace of mind in this area. In this style there are large trees, climbing plants and an abundance of flowers. It is possible to combine the geometric rigor of the regular style and the unpretentiousness of the landscape, the primordial nature of the Alpine slide to modernize with a small ceramic fountain. It all depends on your imagination. But the main thing here is not to overdo it, because the sense of proportion in the mixing of styles is the key to a cozy and “tasty” design.
Whichever direction you choose, do not forget about the organic nature of the overall composition, taking into account the architecture of the house and neighboring areas.
In order for your site to be beautiful and comfortable, it is necessary not only to decide on the design style, but also to plan the placement of the main elements correctly. Next, we consider in more detail aspects of gardening, paving of paths, construction of garden buildings, design of reservoirs in the landscape design of the dacha. Videos and additional information can be easily found on the Internet.
The planning takes into account the following important points:
- area and boundaries of the site;
- orientation to the cardinal points and the degree of shadowing of the territory during the day;
- terrain features, soil condition, groundwater level;
- existing or planned location of buildings;
- ground and underground communications and power supply.
Armed with this information, you can proceed to the main thing – the preparation of a landscape design plan for your summer cottage.
Stage 1: Planning
Apply to the plan the boundaries of the site, existing buildings, communications, gates, relief and other features.
Helpful advice! Observe the scale when developing the plan. This will help to correctly calculate the distance between objects and the amount of materials needed.
Stage 2: Zoning
Put on the plan the location of the tracks, grounds, beds, pond, trees and shrubs, decorative compositions and other elements that you want to see in your summer cottage. Remember not only beauty, but also comfort. For this it is necessary to make a zonal separation:
- residential area;
- business unit. These include buildings for household equipment, summer shower, toilet, summer kitchen, bath, etc .;
- rest zone. It is possible to organize several such zones and separately arrange a playground, a barbecue area, etc .;
- garden. This area is for fruit trees, berry bushes and beds.
Depending on your preferences and the area of the site, you can expand one zone at the expense of another. For example, put a pool in the garden, if you like water and do not have the desire to dig in the ground.
Helpful advice! It is best to place a playground under the windows of the house, and to keep the “hozblok” behind the trees or bushes.
Stage 3: Lighting
The lighting solution is another important point in any design. At the cottage, we spend on the street not only days, but evenings and sometimes nights. Proper lighting will transform the site in the evening, emphasize the compositional features and visually expand its boundaries. Landscape lighting is conventionally divided into the following categories:
- functional – used to illuminate objects, when using them in the dark (illumination of the entrance to the house, parking for cars, stairs, porch);
- decorative – creates a mood, makes accents on the compositions at night (the lights of the fountain, alpine slide, etc.).
The convention is that decorative lighting can be used for functional lighting.
To create a unique effect, designers use all sorts of landscape lighting techniques. For pools, ponds and fountains used underwater or floating lights. Be sure to highlight the stairs, tracks and stairs. This is not only a decorative solution, but also a security measure. Backlight will help create mysterious silhouettes and openwork shadows. Also used lights from top to bottom and vice versa.
The required effect will help create a decorative solar lanterns (ground, pendant, underwater). They are convenient to use, are charged during the day with solar energy. For other sources, it is necessary to lay the electrical wiring under the ground, so it is necessary to plan their location in advance.
After drawing up the plan, you can begin to work on the improvement of the site. It is necessary to dismantle unnecessary buildings and plants, remove the roots of trees and debris from the soil, lay underground utilities and electrical wiring. Now you can begin to pave the tracks and grounds.
Paved paths and platforms have not only functional purpose. They create a drawing and landscape design style of the dacha. Photos of various pavements show how important a decorative element in landscape design are the walkways and platforms.
When planning these elements, consider land relief, practicality and rationality in connecting zones. Some paths and grounds must be framed with borders, and this is not only an additional decoration. The curb prevents paving from moving and prevents water from flowing into adjacent areas.
There are many options and coatings:
- hard coating (stone, tile, brick, wood, concrete);
- soft coating (sand, gravel, crushed stone, bark);
- grass coating (herbal mixture resistant to trampling);
- combined (combine several types of coverage).
Any option should be in harmony with the general direction of the design of the suburban area and ensure its cleanliness and accuracy.
What plants to plant in their summer cottage? In landscape design there are many types of landscaping.
Lawn – an integral part of any suburban area. It is a link and background for decorative compositions. In addition, thanks to the lawn, the air humidity increases, the noise level decreases, and the site’s overall microclimate improves. And what could be better than walking barefoot on freshly cut grass?
Lawns are rolled and sown. First grown in special areas and sold in rolls. They are very convenient because there is no need to wait for the grass to grow. The main disadvantage of such a lawn is its high cost. Sowing lawns are more accessible, but it takes time to arrange them. For the suburban area suitable ordinary lawn from a mixture of 3-4 grass grasses.
Helpful advice! Mow the lawn when the grass reaches 10 cm and above. After cutting, clean it with a rake and water it.
Vertical gardening is used for decoration. For its creation mainly climbers are used. Here are some of them: girlish or Amur grapes, hops, clematis, honeysuckle, Chinese magnolia vine, sweet peas. You can raise them with the help of various arches, garden screens, trellises.
These supports can also be trees, lampposts or downpipes. The main thing to remember is that the visible supports must also be decorative, so as not to spoil the overall impression of the composition. For vertical compositions suitable cascades of flowers in pots or ampelous plants (petunia, begonia). Photos of beautiful suburban areas of 6 acres with examples of vertical gardening can be seen on thematic sites.
The choice of trees and shrubs for planting at their summer cottage depends on personal preferences. Many people want to have in the country a source of fresh organic fruits and berries. Some planted these plants for decoration. However, both options can be combined. In any case, it is necessary to take into account such important factors:
- soil and microclimate feature;
- prevailing wind and light;
- plant compatibility, crown density and diameter;
For the design of landscape projects, designers use both fruit and non-fruit types of trees and shrubs. Conifers are especially popular. They are unpretentious in care, bring coolness in the summer and delight the eye during the cold season. Such kinds of conifers are used, such as thuja, mountain pine, cushion spruce, juniper. From shrubs planted lilac, jasmine, hawthorn, white sod, heather, hydrangea, cotoneaster and others.
A special type of decoration are hedges. With their help, create boundaries between areas and zones, draw up green rooms, facades and walls of houses. For high hedges use coniferous plants (western thuja, Siberian fir, juniper). Mediums can be grown from barberry, white sod, cotoneaster. For low decorative fences, henomeles Japanese, spirea, undersized snow growers are suitable.
Flower bed will be a decoration for any suburban area. Its role is to introduce a variety of colors into the overall design. Depending on the landscape style, flower beds can be divided into:
- regular (flowerbeds, flower borders, modular compositions);
- landscape (groups of plants that create the impression of natural beauty).
When choosing flowers, it is necessary to take into account not only such factors as the lighting, the soil and the microclimate of the plot. But also think about the time you are willing to devote to the care of the flower garden. Perennials do not require careful maintenance, but can be bored by their monotony. But with annuals will have to tinker, but every year you can experiment.
Separately it is worthwhile to dwell on this type of gardening, like rock garden. These include alpine slides, rockeries, stone gardens, alpine retaining walls and free compositions. The rock garden is valuable because it combines a variety of forms and textures. With the right approach, the perfect combination of nature elements (flowers, stones, water, trees and shrubs) will make the rock garden a highlight of your summer cottage. For this type of landscaping are selected mainly perennial and bulbous plants.
Perfectly on the Alpine hill will look crocuses, freezers, periwinkle, alpine poppy, bulbous irises, Carpathian bell, ground-covering geranium, aster bush, etc. The naturality will be given by coniferous trees (thuja spherical) and shrubs (juniper, barberry), barberry, juniper, barberry Stones should be chosen preferably flat with a heterogeneous surface and a soft color (limestone, granite, slate), so that the composition most closely resembles the creation of nature.
Another stylistic decoration of the dacha and a great place for outdoor recreation are garden buildings. Their openness promotes free air circulation. These buildings are located on specially equipped sites, the creation of which must be taken care of in advance. You can decorate them with the help of plants in hanging baskets, vertical gardening and planting undersized conifer around the perimeter. Also suitable stone compositions and garden accessories.
Among such structures the most common are:
- arbors (covered small houses without plug-in windows and doors). They are able to shelter from the burning sun and hide from the rain, without breaking the connection with nature. Pergolas, depending on the general style, are wooden, metal, glass, large and small. It all depends on the preferences of the owners;
- Belvedere – a type of arbors with lattice walls;
- arch – narrow design. Serves as a decoration of the site. Entwined with plants, it can also become a shelter from the summer heat and rain;
- pergola – volumetric structure, which consists of several arches, woven on top of each other. Pergola is made of wood, stone, metal. The pillars and roof pergolas are usually decorated with woven plants.
Such garden buildings is quite possible to do it yourself. Photos of landscape designs of suburban areas (5 acres and more) with gazebos, arches and pergolas illustrate the indispensability of these structures for decoration. Placing garden buildings on the summer cottage, it is necessary to take into account the general stylistics of landscape design. The main thing is not to overload the territory with them, and then the site will look cozy.
Water will create a unique atmosphere of unity with nature at your summer cottage. The pride will be a self-made fish pond. Still water or a smooth stream, a waterfall or a fountain will fill the microclimate with moisture, create textured contrasts, transform space. The sound of flowing water fascinates and relaxes, gives peace and tranquility.
To select a water feature, it is necessary to decide which type of reservoir will be in harmony with the size of the site, style and personal preferences of the owners. Fountains are suitable for regular styles, stable ponds for landscape styles, multi-level waterfalls or streams for alpine slides. The marsh flower beds will become the decoration of the exotic style.
An important component for the beauty of water facilities are plants. Along the perimeter, you can plant homochniki, irises, sedges, ferns, lilies of the valley, willow. On the swamps it will look better mannick, jerk, Veronika guided. For shallow ponds, shallow plants (calamus, reed, reed, cattail) are suitable. Deep-water water lilies will decorate large ponds. Lemna and vodokras will add naturalness to the surface of the pond.
Everyone dreams of such a highlight as a pond at the dacha. If we approach this issue in stages, then its creation will not be difficult.
An artificial pond with your own hands is a reality; you should only be patient and follow the recommendations. Getting started, you must first choose a place. It will be correct to locate the pond at the bottom of the site in a well-lit area. This will prevent intense seasonal flowering. It is not advisable to place the pond close to large trees so that the falling leaves do not pollute the water and the root system does not damage the waterproofing.
The form of an artificial reservoir depends on the style and fantasy of the creator. But the depth should be at least 0.5 m. The depth of the pond in the country for breeding fish should be more than 1.5 m. Usually such reservoirs make a three-stage. The first stage (up to 30 cm) is intended for planting shallow-depth plants. The second stage (50-80 cm) – for planting deep-sea plants. The third (at least 150 cm.) – for wintering fish.