The geogrid for parking is a new material intended for landscape works. The product is very popular due to the fact that it helps to perform various landscape works. This new development has been successfully used for reinforcement, preventing ground movement, strengthening slopes, provides durability, reliability and long-term operation of parking zones. This article contains information about the features and types of products, as well as tips and recommendations for choosing and installing structures.
What is a geogrid for parking?
Lawn lattice, the cost of which depends on the type and material of manufacture, is a building product with a honeycomb structure. It is made of geosynthetic polymer or concrete. The size of the cells is in a wide range, which is selected depending on the area of use of the grid. The length, width and height of the cells are also different – the optimal values are selected based on the total load on the structure.
This polymer building material is used as a coating for sidewalks, parking lots, parking lots and lawns. He also worked well as a reinforcement cage for unstable ground. The material was increasingly used instead of paving slabs. Lawn grill is a more economical and environmentally friendly solution.
When stretched, this product creates a stable and durable reinforcing frame, the cells of which can be filled with sand, gravel, soil or other material, which is fixed and limited in movement. Using the concrete solution as a filler, you can create a solid platform. If marble chips are poured into the honeycomb, the result will be a decorative path.
The main advantages of the geogrid are the following indicators:
- increased strength of the frame due to reliable bonding of polymeric tapes in a checkerboard pattern;
- obstruction of ground movement;
- resistance to temperature changes, moisture and corrosion;
- providing comfortable conditions for plant growth;
- resistance to mechanical stress;
- the ability to pass moisture into the soil, which eliminates the formation of puddles;
- repetition of the distinctive features of the soil relief;
- immunity to chemical attack, mold fungi and rodents;
- environmental friendliness of the material;
- obstacle silting of the territory;
- ease and simplicity of installation and dismantle;
- plastic products can be recycled;
- affordable cost.
Due to the cellular structure and resistance to mechanical stress, the load is evenly distributed over the entire area of the roadway. The geogrid can significantly increase the strength of car parking coverage.
Helpful advice! Since each type of lattice has a different margin of safety, when choosing, it is recommended to take into account the features of parking operation.
Depending on the design, the cellular parking tile may be flat or bulk. The first version of the design is used for mechanical fixation of the filler, which is poured into the honeycomb. Possessing high strength in all directions, the flat frame is able to withstand significant dynamic and static effects. This is an ideal option for concrete parking lots with heavy loads.
The height of the cells is in the range of 5-30 cm. The diagonal has the same values. The size of the product is selected on the basis of the type of bedded material, which has a different structure and fractionation, and also depends on the slope steepness. The lifetime of the material is 50 years.
More popular is the volume lawn grill for parking, the price of which is proportional to the size of the product. With this design, you can strengthen the slopes of hills, marshes, river banks, as well as create barriers to erosion and creep.
Volumetric geogrid can be fixed by means of various elements. Often used mounting anchors of steel reinforcement with a diameter of 10-14 mm, a length of 50-110 mm. Their attachment occurs in the stretched position of the product. After filling the cells with material, the anchors are removed. Thus the lawn path for paths at the dacha fastens.
For surfaces with heavy ground and steep slope, it is advisable to use a polymer cable and precast anchors. The structure can be attached to the surface of the soil with the help of supporting anchors. The connection of the walls of the lattice occurs through steel brackets and stapler.
Today, two types of material are used to create an eco-parking: a lawn concrete grid and a plastic honeycomb structure. The second option is made of high-strength plastic in different configurations. The most popular are cellular and rhomboid cell modifications. Products are available in black and green.
The honeycomb frame has thin walls, so that the product is almost invisible on the site, which improves the aesthetics of the surface. Plastic modules can be easily divided into parts, which is convenient when arranging a plot of irregular shape. The product has a low weight, so when installing it there is no need to attract special equipment.
Helpful advice! Plastic geogrids are not recommended for use on difficult soils, as a strong mechanical effect can shorten the product’s service life.
Plastic lawn grilles can be light or heavy. The first type is used for the organization of sports fields, pedestrian paths, golf courses, trade fair complexes and parking lots with infrequent traffic. Heavy plastic lawn grilles, the price of which is one and a half times higher than the previous version, are used to strengthen soils, embankments and slopes, in arranging parking lots for buses, trucks, helicopters, and passenger aircraft.
Such a lattice is represented by a stamped block of concrete. Stamping is done by vibropressing or casting. The dimensions of the cells of the concrete geogrid are 60x40x10 mm. Holes may be square or diamond shaped. The structure is installed in the ground at a shallow depth. A drainage is laid under it, which protects the soil from excessive moisture.
The main advantages of a lawn lattice made of concrete:
- resistance to mechanical stress;
- increased strength:
- thick walls of the product are able to withstand constant significant loads;
- long period of operation;
- wide range of colors allows you to choose the right shade for the design of the landscape;
- resistance to moisture, temperature extremes and sunlight;
- material is a good alternative to paving slabs;
- low cost in comparison with plastic analogs.
The disadvantages include the following indicators:
- significant weight of products, which complicates installation and requires the involvement of special equipment;
- thick walls that do not provide an opportunity to create a solid lawn, and this impairs the aesthetic appearance of the surface;
- the small size of the honeycomb, creating difficulties in rooting lawn grass.
Helpful advice! Concrete geogrids are recommended to be installed on solid soils, where it is difficult to achieve full drainage after precipitation.
Buy concrete lawn grille can be square or honeycomb shape. The first option is used to create sites with heavy traffic. Such structures can withstand loads of up to 400 tons. Cellular lattices made of concrete are used in the arrangement of bicycle paths, sidewalks, playgrounds and parking lots for cars.
Before you buy a geogrid for parking, you should study in detail the characteristics of the product and the appropriateness of its use for a particular case. The first step is to decide on the material of manufacture. When choosing a concrete grid for parking, you can not worry about the strength, durability and carrying capacity of a structure that can withstand even missile and tank tractors. But if a preference is given to a polymer product, some points should be taken into account here.
In order for the structure to meet the stated operational requirements, it must be made of 100% polyethylene. However, there are two types of material: high pressure HDPE and low pressure LDPE. The first option has good rigidity, but low ductility, especially at low temperatures. The second type is more plastic. The material is much less responsive to temperature extremes, therefore it is more preferable for lawn parking.
Some manufacturers are trying to reduce the cost of production, while facilitating its production by adding to the molding composition of various impurities that degrade the quality of the material. These lower-quality products include polypropylene lattice. The material has a weak resistance to ultraviolet, which leads to rapid aging of the product. Moreover, such lattices are very fragile, especially at low temperatures.
In places with high humidity, you can create a dirt green parking. The lawn grill for parking in this case is chosen exclusively for surround type. It is immediately filled with 2/3 gravel or rubble. Then it is filled with a soil base mixed with grass seeds. Such parking, in comparison with the lawn, is more resistant to loads. This option eliminates the formation of ground irregularities.
The geogrid for parking, the price of which starts from 400 rubles per square meter, is an innovative material that is widely used in private housing construction. Parking for vehicles, paths or slopes, decorated with the use of such products, will become a real decoration of the garden plot, which at the same time will increase the level of comfort and provide an opportunity to carry out original design ideas.