PVC film for the pool is a modern coating that is widely used in its decoration. The material simultaneously performs two functions: waterproofing and decorative. He turns the tank into an airtight bowl of blue and blue. About what are the types of products, how to choose the film for the pool and perform its finishing, described in detail in this article.
PVC film for the pool: a characteristic of waterproofing material
A modern coating that is attached to the walls of the reservoir is a film of polyvinyl chloride. It has another name – the liner. The film is made of dense PVC, between homogeneous layers of which the reinforcing layer is laid in the form of polyester fiber. In the manufacture of the liner, special stabilizers are introduced into the mixture, due to which the final product exhibits increased resistance to ultraviolet radiation.
The product is treated with a fungicidal and antimicrobial composition that protects the material from exposure to pathogenic bacteria, microorganisms, fungi and spores that are in the water. PVC film designed for swimming pools, is certified, which indicates the safety of its use. In order for the coating to have a brilliant appearance, several layers of acrylic are applied to the product, which also improves the strength characteristics of the product.
Buy a film for the pool, the price of which starts from 300 rubles / m ?, can be 3.05 wide; 6.1; 9.15; 12.2; 15.2 m. The length of the product is usually 15.2; 30.5; 45.75 and 61.0 m. Material is supplied in rolls.
There are three types of PVC film:
- single layer;
Single-layer blue or blue PVC film for the pool is represented by a product with a thickness of 0.65-0.8 mm. This coating is often used for collapsible pool and comes with it in the kit. Covering the frame base, the material absorbs pressure from the water that filled the pool. The outer surface has a rough coating, which creates an anti-slip effect. All the constituent elements of the material are compactly folded, acquiring a compact appearance. Product weight – only 1 kg.
Multi-layer PVC film for the pond, the price of which starts from 1500 rubles. for 1 m ?, it feels like linoleum. The film is presented in the form of a three-layer material with a thickness of 1.5 mm. The liner consists of two layers of PVC, between which there is a fabric layer with Kevlar fibers. Layers are joined by welding. Such strong material is used for stationary pools. The outer surface may have a glossy or embossed coating. The liner is characterized by a wide color palette. The product can be monophonic or with applied ornament in the form of mosaic, imitation of natural stone or photographic image. This decoration will be a real decoration of the yard.
Collapsible pools are completed with PVC bowls. For stationary tanks, the material should be cut and cooked in place. However, both options can be used if the collapsible tank has large dimensions. In this case, the film for the frame pool, which is included in the kit, is immediately mounted, and then the surface is covered with a bag insert made of reinforced fabric, which is welded and fixed with a banding tape around the structure.
The most durable, wear-resistant and reliable is a double-layer butylrubber membrane without reinforcement. The material exhibits increased resistance to mechanical stress and sudden temperature changes. The liner is able to withstand high and low temperatures without compromising the integrity of the structure. The film is characterized by high elasticity, so it does not require much effort when veneering the pool. This liner is used for large volumetric tanks.
Quality PVC film has a life of about 20 years. Due to the elasticity and ability to stretch the material is quickly and easily applied to the tank frame, clearly repeating its contours. In the process of manufacturing the film is impregnated with special substances, which makes it resistant to biological and chemical influences. In comparison with other finishing materials that are used to finish the pool, PVC film has the lowest cost.
There is no risk of cracks, chips, which are possible in the case of using ceramic tiles or mosaics. If there is a violation of the integrity of the product, its repair is performed quickly and inexpensively.
When facing the PVC surface with a film, there are no sharp edges, which excludes the possibility of injury. Due to the wide variety of material design, the liner is not only reliable waterproofing of the pool, but also its real decoration.
Helpful advice! With the liner you can eliminate a small leakage of the pool.
Among the shortcomings of the material are the following:
- the likelihood of scratches and abrasions on the surface of the product;
- time-consuming pool cleaning process;
- impractical for tanks with a complex configuration;
- violation of the integrity of the surface when exposed to cutting or piercing elements;
- cannot be used in heaving soils;
- the visibility of butt joints violates the harmonious holistic appearance of the surface;
- liner without acrylic coating does not tolerate low temperatures, which is the cause of bubbles and cracks.
PVC film for pond or pool must meet the following criteria:
- be durable, do not wrinkle and crumble;
- be resistant to UV rays, low and high temperatures;
- to withstand high pressure without significant deformations and violation of the integrity of the material;
- be resistant to mechanical stress.
Choosing a suitable material, you should pay attention to the thickness, the performance of the film and the manufacturer of the product. To optimize material costs and ensure a sufficiently durable, reliable and durable coating should take into account the depth of the basin. If it is within 2 m, the film should be 0.5-0.9 mm thick. It is necessary that in other cases the material was not thinner than 10 mm. For pools of complex configuration, the liner must have a thickness of at least 15 mm.
Helpful advice! For relief-shaped tanks, it is advisable to buy thick, expensive products in the form of a bubble film for pools. For small structures with a smooth bottom, you can use the budget options.
The film has a different design, which affects the performance properties of the material. An ordinary liner has the lowest cost, is characterized by low durability. It is advisable to use it for precast small-sized pools. The liner with reinforcement withstands significant loads, has high performance and can be used for any tank.
To ensure safety, you should buy for the pool PVC film with anti-slip coating, the price of which will be superior to other analogues. Acrylic coated liners have bactericidal protection. The material does not deteriorate. Microorganisms, bacteria and fungi do not breed on its surface. Such products are characterized by the highest period of operation, which undoubtedly affects their cost. The price of PVC film starts from 1500 rubles / m ?.
In order to choose a quality material, you should cut the end of the product. If the structure of the material crumbles and exfoliates, this indicates a poor-quality film that will not last for a long time. A quality product has a uniform structure with evenly spaced threads. The fabric should be stretched evenly in all directions. Relief pattern should be monotonous.
Today, the liner is represented in a wide variety of species. The product is available in rolls, so the price of the film for the pool is determined per square or linear meter of the product. The cost of the product depends on the type of material, its thickness, elasticity and manufacturer. Cheapest single layer coating. The price of blue PVC film for the pool is an average of 300 rubles per square meter. A multilayer product will cost 1500 rubles per square meter. A liner with a relief anti-slip surface can be bought from 1,800 rubles per square meter.
Among the popular manufacturers that have proven themselves from the best side in the construction market, the following can be singled out: Elbtal (Germany), AlkorPlan (Belgium), Flagpool (France), Ceplastik (Spain), Lazur (Russia). The German company produces a wide range of high-quality PVC coating with reinforcement, reflective effect and decorative pattern. The cost of the liner starts from 1400 rubles per square meter.
The Belgian company specializes in coating with imitation of natural stone. It is possible to buy PVC film for the pool from 1500 rubles / m ?. French and Spanish manufacturer offers a less diverse range. Here are mostly monochrome models of different shades of blue. The cost of material starts from 1000 rubles / m ?. The most affordable products offered by the Russian manufacturer. The average price of a classic blue film will be 650 rubles per square meter.
Today it is possible in a short time with the help of PVC film to perform pool lining with your own hands cheaply, quickly, and very simply. Installation consists of the following steps:
- preparation of the base;
- geotextile substrate devices;
- film cutting;
- mounting liner;
- seam processing.
Before proceeding with the installation of PVC film, you should make sure that you have the necessary characteristics for the pool bowl. The design should have a flat and smooth surface. It is necessary that the edges of the pool walls have sufficient strength and can withstand drilling. The tank should be equipped with adequate protection against groundwater.
To perform the work should have the following materials and tools:
- polyvinyl chloride film;
- nonwoven backing;
- corner or fastening strip;
- welding heat gun with the necessary accessories in the form of an iron brush and nozzles;
- silicone roller;
- screws, dowels;
- pressure roller for butt joints;
- elastic glue;
- roulette wheel;
- construction knife or scissors.
Before starting work should be carefully cleaned the pool bowl. This will help to identify all the defects of the surface, which should be perfectly smooth. If the walls are made of bricks, they should be plastered with sanding. If the surface is concrete, it will have to be putty. In case of serious damage to the bottom surface, it is recommended to pour a self-leveling screed. Special attention should be paid to the sides and corners. In these places it is necessary to ensure maximum adhesion of the solution to the base.
All embedded parts of the pool should be flush with the surface and be equipped with sealing flanges that provide a tight connection. Flanges are selected from stainless steel or plastic with a rubber gasket resistant to chlorine. Next, remove all trash from the pool.
Helpful advice! If the reconstruction of the old structure, where the waterproofing is impaired, is being carried out, the installation of the PVC film can be carried out directly on the previously laid ceramic tile.
At this stage, the mapping of the substrate fragments and the installation of fastening strips is carried out. A typical option does not exist, since all pools differ in configuration and linear parameters. However, one recommendation should be followed: bands are placed in such a way as to ensure the minimum number of butt joints.
The layout of fasteners for geotextiles (and, respectively, for the film) is selected individually, based on the geometry of the pool and the number of strips of facing material. The liner is overlapped with an allowance of 5-10 cm at the bottom of the pool, 4-5 cm on the walls of the structure and 15 cm in the corners of the structure.
During operation, the film for the pool, which can be bought at any building store, will be subjected to significant loads, as a result of which its useful life may be significantly reduced. To protect the liner from damage and at the same time to create a sealing layer, a geotextile substrate is arranged on the entire surface of the pool. The material will help reduce heat loss through the bottom and walls of the pool, which will contribute to a slower cooling of water in the tank.
To fix the geotextile, a metal tape is used, which is represented by a plastic-coated mounting strip. The PVC film will be subsequently welded to it. Therefore, it is extremely important not to confuse the top and bottom of the tape. The length of the product should be 2 m, width – 8 cm, thickness – 2 mm. The film is attached to the inner surface of the pool with screws, which are twisted into pre-installed plastic dowels. The distance between fasteners should be 10-12 mm, which will ensure a reliable fixation of the liner to the surface of the pool bowl throughout its area.
If the structure has rounded sections, triangular cuts are made in several places in the metal tape to ensure a secure fit of the strip to the surface. If the pool is equipped with steps, it is better to use corners on their ribs, not stripes. With their help, it is possible to fix stretches of the film with stretch, which will reduce the number of points of attachment of the material to the concrete. In some cases, the tape can be fixed to the bottom. This will prevent movement of the bottom sheets and the formation of folds on the liner.
After the seal has completely hardened, which will occur in 30-45 minutes, the pool is gradually filled with hot water having a temperature of 40 ° C. Immediately you should dial no more than 30 cm. This promotes good tension of the vertical film strips. At this time, holes are made, and flanges are installed on the embedded parts. Further, decorative elements are mounted, after which the pool is filled to the top with water.
Today, the choice of facing materials for swimming pools is quite extensive. However, PVC film is the most popular option. This is due to affordable cost, environmental friendliness, high performance, ease of installation and unpretentious care. In order for the coating to please the eye over the years, it is important to choose a high-quality, certified product from a reputable manufacturer.