The artificial decorative stone is a widespread construction material which differs in high operational characteristics and universality. It is used for cladding interior and exterior work surfaces. Such material can be made independently at home. This article will talk about the benefits of artificial stone, the features of its production and installation.
What is artificial stone for decoration?
To date, the range of stone for wall decoration is very wide. It can be easily purchased in hardware stores and markets. If necessary, this finishing material can be made by hand. Industrial production of such bricks is very similar to manual production, since both cases involve the use of special injection molds.
Different materials are used for its manufacture. The most common of these are concrete, gypsum and acrylic. Various technologies can be used for the subsequent processing of stone: firing, glazing, etc. Liquid decorative brick, which has the appearance of an uncured composition, is very popular. You can also purchase or perform independently a flexible kind of artificial stone.
To finish the outer surfaces, it is common to use special plates that are distinguished by low porosity and resistance to low temperatures. In turn, the stone for interior wall decoration has a lower weight, which contributes to its installation.
Ecological properties of this facing material depend on what components were used in its production. For example, cement and gypsum differ in natural properties, and their structure contributes to the penetration of air and moisture.
Useful information! If acrylic is part of the decorative stone, then it is not recommended to veneer surfaces located in the immediate vicinity of heating appliances. This is due to the fact that when heated, this material emits harmful chemical compounds that can cause harm to human health.
The artificial stone differs from the manufacturer at an acceptable cost, which undoubtedly makes it more popular than natural among consumers. If you choose a quality material or use the right components in its manufacture, it will not yield to the natural lining.
The price of decorative stone per square. meter ranges from 600 to 1500 rubles. The cost of finished products from the manufacturer depends on many factors, namely: composition, texture, color, etc.
The use of non-natural decorative stone for the walls, obtained independently, allows you to save finances, as well as to perform the necessary pattern or continuous installation without any difficulties. This material has other positive qualities that are recommended to pay attention.
First of all, an artificial stone can be made independently in the same place where it will be laid. This eliminates shipping costs. Such a facing material is small in thickness and light in weight, as it most often has the appearance of thin plates. Due to this, the total weight of the structure is significantly reduced.
The decorative stone of non-natural origin is distinguished by good strength characteristics (especially if it has undergone additional processing). If necessary, you can make artificial stone of any color. To do this, add the appropriate pigments to the mixture.
The shape of the interior stone may be different. You can independently make both straight plates and plates having arbitrary dimensions. This property is very important because it allows you to perform cladding elements that are ideally suited for the installation site.
The form for such decorative bricks can be purchased or manufactured independently. In the construction market, you can easily buy products that have a very different texture (smooth, embossed). It should be noted that special polymer additives can be added to the composition of the mixture to obtain such a facing material. They allow you to make a flexible stone that will allow you to change its shape even after laying.
In terms of decorative properties, artificial material is more acceptable. Using it, you can cladding not only the walls, but also such interior elements as fireplaces, stoves, etc. However, in the latter case, it is necessary to choose a material that has refractory qualities. To transform the appearance of the arches can be used decorative stone trim. Photos of such arched structures can be easily found on the Internet.
Useful information! Due to its resistance to moisture, it can be used to organize an ornament or a solid construction in bathrooms. But in this case it is recommended to pay attention to the composition of the artificial stone.
The material, made by hand, does not need special care and is able to decorate any interior. However, like any other product, artificial brick has some negative sides. For example, a wild stone has a rather large mass. The surface for its installation should have high strength and endurance. In addition, products can have a rather complex, non-uniform form, which complicates the selection of individual blocks during installation.
However, the walls of wild stone are able to decorate the interior of any room. It is equally well suited for both classical and modern style. In order to decide on the choice of material, you need to pay attention to the photo of a wild stone, since there are many varieties of it.
Such a building material is classified according to two main parameters, namely, the method of production and composition. Depending on these criteria, decorative artificial brick is divided into:
Ceramic. The stone from this material is made in several stages, and also passes special heat treatment (roasting). Independent production of such a facing – a rather complicated procedure, so it is rare. Production on an industrial scale requires a fairly large area and a large consumption of electrical energy.
Gypsum. One of types of a decorative stone which is very popular in the modern construction market. Performed through the use of special molds and casting technology. For the manufacture at home, as a rule, use this kind of decorative bricks. However, the facing material made of gypsum is not resistant to low temperatures. Therefore, it can only be used for interior decoration in rooms whose temperature is not lower than +18 ° C.
Concrete. This kind of decorative artificial stone, depending on the components, is divided into two types. The first one includes ingredients such as cement and sand. It has a slightly higher cost than plaster, but is also suitable for forming at home. Cement sand facing material is resistant to low temperatures.
The second type of concrete stone is called monumental. The method of obtaining such products received the name – free molding. Thanks to this method, artificial boulders are made for garden decor, as well as whole concrete slabs.
Polyester. This kind of wall stone includes special mineral fillers. They differ in that they are able to pass into a solid state under the influence of high temperatures.
A stone containing a polyester resin is similar in composition to acrylic analogues. It has good mechanical properties and surpasses even facing elements from natural, natural materials in this indicator.
Note! Polyester resin is a fairly cheap product, so the cost of the finished product is small.
Among the disadvantages of such a building material should be noted its specific smell. Over time, it disappears, but there is a long time after installation.
Polyester stone is not suitable for making one’s own hands, because its production technology is too complicated. The process of product formation occurs in a vacuum under the influence of very high temperatures.
Thus, an artificial decorative stone can be purchased on the construction market or manufactured independently. The process of its formation is not complicated. But if you are not confident in your own strength, it is better to buy ready-made material.