Heating cottage or suburban housing of any type mainly to the use of equipment that does not depend on expensive energy sources. With the development of the production technology of solid fuel boilers for heating private houses, which can now produce heat from a single tab for a long time, they have become efficient, economical and convenient when compared with other types of heating equipment.
The advantages of using solid fuel boilers
The benefit from the use of a long-term heat-producing solid fuel boiler for heating a private house is valuable in that it removes the most complex and expensive tasks at the installation stage. Only one house connection to gas costs users much more than the cost of any solid fuel equipment. And if you consider that for this money you can buy a boiler that produces heat for half a day from one laying of solid inexpensive fuel, then such equipment pays for itself in one fuel season. TT-boiler allows you to relieve yourself of the burden of payments for constantly rising gas.
Solid fuel boiler for heating a private house can be loaded with all available fuels: firewood, peat, coal. Recently, the use of special pellets as solid fuel, which are made from wood sawdust or straw, is gaining popularity. Such an environmentally friendly clean source of energy in itself is able to provide even higher efficiency in the return of thermal energy. For maintenance of modern fuel equipment does not require time-consuming and frequent maintenance. It is enough several times a day (it depends on the type of boiler) to load it with fuel.
This list is small, which makes it easy for anyone to decide which boiler is best suited for purchase, maintenance, and general feasibility. Solid fuel boilers for heating a private house are classic and pyrolysis.
If we talk about this type of fuel equipment, then these are traditional boilers that have the simplest design. The fuel burns in the usual way, heating water that transfers heat throughout the house. The advantage is that the price of a solid fuel boiler for heating a private house will be low. Among the shortcomings are the following: the loss of energy released, the need to often fuel the fuel
If earlier, when even the technology of efficient fuel boilers was not used for private use, it was the most used equipment. Currently, it can be bought for country houses, where a short-term stay is planned during the cold season.
The design of solid fuel boilers for heating a pyrolysis type private house has its own characteristics. The tank where the fuel is burned is divided into two parts. The camera, where solid materials are loaded, is in the upper half. Regulation of the air supply is carried out in such a way that it is sufficient to support the process of fuel smoldering. As a result, gas is released, which can also burn. He heads to the lower chamber. The efficiency of the pyrolysis boiler furnace increases by 80-90%, and the burning time of one tab can reach up to 12 hours.
The compartment in which gases are burned must withstand high temperatures. Therefore, it is made using heat-resistant materials. After the combustion of fuel in the pyrolysis col, there is practically no ash or soot. The complex design, the need to use special materials, install a smoke exhauster, electronic control systems cause the price of solid fuel boilers for heating a private house to be much more expensive than classical ones. But the benefits speak for themselves.
Despite the high cost, pyrolysis boilers do not repel buyers. They know how to count money and can determine the benefit that will pay back all costs in the short term. Therefore, the present and the future in the process of organizing the heating of private houses are associated with pyrolysis boilers.
Heating scheme of a 2-storey private house: types of wiring and equipment calculation. The constituent elements of the system, purpose, device, rules of calculation and installation. Types and methods of wiring.
The main one, but rather it can be called not a disadvantage, but an inconvenience, it is the need to load fuel from time to time. Depending on the type of boiler, such actions can have different frequency – from two to six times a day. Also, the equipment requires regular maintenance associated with the cleaning of spent fuel. If this is not done, the solid fuel boiler for heating a private house will become less efficient or will cease to function.
Heat does not start immediately after it starts. It may also be difficult to incite it after long periods of inactivity. It is possible to regulate the flow of heat, but it is less controllable than, say, gas boilers. It is also not possible to immediately stop the operation of the boiler. It stops heating after all the fuel loaded into it has blown. Firewood, coal or peat must be stored somewhere. It must be dry and not far from the boiler. Solid fuels are a source of dust and debris. Despite this, all of these are solvable tasks that do not interfere with making the house warm and cozy.
In order to choose a convenient and efficient boiler once and for many years, it is required to calculate the power required for space heating. In the building where the correct insulation measures are carried out, and the height of the ceilings does not exceed three meters, the heat transfer coefficient of the boiler is determined on the basis of 1 kW per 10 m? square
It is also necessary to take into account other factors: the required average temperature in a room during the coldest time of the year, the number of windows, their location, the length of external walls, etc. Taking note of all the features will help you choose the most optimal solid fuel boiler for heating a private house whose price will meet the needs and capabilities of the system.
The heating boiler is recommended to be installed in a separate room. This isolates equipment from children’s access to it, as well as enhances safety of work. The place of the direct installation is filled with a concrete coupler. Given the heavy weight of the boiler, which will put pressure on a small surface area, the thickness of the stand must be at least 0.7 meters. There should be no clearance between the bottom of the boiler and the base. If it is still manifested, then it is necessary to fill this space with heat-resistant sealant.
Solid fuel boilers for heating a private house are still a popular, affordable and reliable source of heat in private homes. It can be the main or auxiliary heating device in the system. Modernized and improved solid fuel equipment is a strong competitor to gas boilers. In those localities where there are no gas pipelines, a real equivalent alternative to them simply does not exist.