Previously, the installation of infrared floor was considered a luxury, however, today this method of heating rooms has gained wide popularity. Heat-insulated floor infrared film is a modern and practical option of organizing the main or additional heating in the room. In this article we will look at the advantages of mounting an infrared film, its variations and compatibility with floor coverings.
Infrared warm floor: the pros and cons
Heating using infrared film has many advantages over other types of similar heating. Consider the main advantages of such a heating structure:
- such a system cannot fail at the same time, as it is connected in a parallel way;
- possibility of installation on any type of surface – both horizontal and vertical, as well as on elements that are located at an inclination;
- the design features of the infrared floor make it possible to achieve uniform heating of the room. This is especially important if a laminate is used as a floor covering;
- another plus of such a system is ease of installation;
- possibility of disassembly if necessary;
- this film is suitable for installation in rooms in which the humidity level exceeds the permissible parameters;
- compatibility with different flooring options;
- the installation of such a system is allowed not only in enclosed spaces, but also in open conditions (for example, on a veranda);
- high heat transfer coefficient, which reaches up to 97%;
- The effectiveness of film infrared floor is about 30% higher than that of other heating systems installed in the floor. The prices of film warm floors completely correspond to their efficiency.
Note! When choosing an infrared film for the organization of floor heating, one very important parameter should be taken into account – the height of the ceilings. The lower the ceiling height, the more efficient the heating of the room.
However, this design has some drawbacks, among which especially stand out:
- the need to follow clear rules when connecting;
- high inertness, due to which heating and cooling occur very quickly;
- weak resistance to mechanical stress in comparison with a tubular structure that uses water as a heat carrier.
The film system is generally not suitable for installation as the main heating. It is recommended to use an infrared design for the organization of additional heating.
From a constructive point of view, all IR films are similar and have a common principle of operation. However, for various types of premises and operating conditions it is customary to use certain variants of film underfloor heating. The differences between ICs are primarily due to the fact that different companies are engaged in their production.
Consider the types of IR films on the maximum heating temperature and their compatibility with various floor coverings:
- high-temperature infrared floor heating under the tile. The maximum heating temperature of such systems reaches 50 ° C. They are incompatible with floor coverings that are more susceptible to heat (linoleum, laminate);
- low-temperature infrared heat-insulated floors under linoleum and laminate. Such systems can heat up to 27 ° C;
- universal IR systems that are compatible with all types of flooring.
The second parameter by which IR films are classified is the type of heating element. To date, there are two main types of infrared floors, depending on the heating element:
The specific power of the infrared floor is the last indicator, which is very important when choosing heating. Consider the three main types of IR films, depending on this parameter:
- with weak power (130–160 W / m?) – are used in cases when it is necessary to organize heating of a room with a small area. Compatible with “light” flooring;
- with an average power (from 170 up to 220 W / m?) – mounted in more spacious rooms. Perfectly fit the following flooring options: porcelain, tile;
- with high power (above 220 W / m?) – installed in industrial buildings. And also they are used for floor heating in saunas and various workshops.
If necessary, you can always contact the experts who will help you choose the necessary system for a particular case. And it is also recommended that before purchasing, read the relevant reviews on the profile forums. Film warm floors – an innovative solution for any room, allowing you to achieve maximum comfort.
Carbon films used for floor heating are more expensive. The heating elements in such a system are made of a special carbon material, which is characterized by a fibrous structure. In some cases, they are supplied with a protective layer of graphite. Spraying of this material helps to increase the strength characteristics of the system, and also affects the duration of its operational life.
The basis of the material is represented by a lavsan film. A carbon film infrared floor mounted on horizontal and vertical surfaces.
Useful information! At installation of a carbon film of a heat-insulated floor the choice of the scheme of connection is very important. In such a situation, experts recommend using a parallel connection option.
A bimetallic IR film differs from a carbon film in that it has heating elements consisting of two metal layers (aluminum and copper). As a basis for the material, a double polyurethane film is used, which has good elasticity.
The installation of a bimetallic system is complicated by the fact that a grounding conductor cannot be connected to the system. And also the bimetallic design is incompatible with a ceramic floor covering. It belongs to the low-temperature variety, therefore its recommended heating level does not exceed 27 ° C.
Before buying an IR film, it is imperative to examine all its main technical characteristics. This knowledge will help to select the necessary type of system and perform its calculation for a specific room. Consider the characteristics of such heating structures:
- IR film is produced and sold in rolls, the valley of which reaches 100 m. The width of the roll can be different (from 50 to 100 cm), and its weight is approximately 55 kg;
- the finished design is powered from the mains, the voltage of which is the standard rate of 220V;
- per day IR floor consumes approximately from 20 to 70 W / m ?;
- the rate of heating the film to the maximum temperature index is quite high (about 2 minutes);
- surface temperature can reach 50 ° C.
If you decide to use such a film as the main heat source, then you need to remember that it should cover at least 70% of the floor area. In regions with a cold climate, film electric floor heating can only be used as additional heating.
Film warm floors Caleo
Caleo has a wide range of infrared films for underfloor heating, which makes it easier to choose the right system for a particular situation. The products of this brand are represented by both simple options and ultramodern film coatings, whose work is as automated as possible.
Today, this company is engaged in the production of 4 main modifications of infrared film systems.
LINE. Inexpensive system that is perfect for installation in a small room.
GRID. Product relating to the average price segment. The feature of the infrared floor GRID is the presence of anti-spark mesh, which is made of silver.
Note! Heated floors Caleo have their own characteristics. For example, their installation should be made only by the “dry” method. And also they are not suitable for installation under ceramic floor coverings.
GOLD. As in the past case, it uses anti-spark grid technology. And also such films can self-regulate, which allows to reduce the consumption of energy consumed up to 20%.
PLATINUM. The most expensive option is an infrared floor. Differs energy-saving qualities that reduce the consumption of electrical energy by 5-6 times. The infrared floor PLATINUM can be installed under areas that are covered with furniture, without the danger of overheating.
All of the above models have a remote control function. Installation of Caleo underfloor heating is done without the necessary organization of the screed or special adhesive coating.
Infrared film floors from the Rexva brand
IR films Rexva occupy the second position in the rating of warm floors. This company produces ultra-thin film communications that can be installed on various types of surfaces (vertical, horizontal and even on the ceiling). The model range of warm floors Rexva is presented not only by systems with a standard power range.
For heating residential and industrial premises, this company offers infrared films with a capacity of up to 400 W / m ?. As a rule, such models are used for organizing heating in saunas. They are distinguished by a high rate of water resistance, since they have a special double-sided coating, located on top of the main lamination.
Products from the Rexva brand are distinguished by high strength and resistance to high pressure. Their operational sphere is quite wide – from small-sized rooms to sports halls. The price of Rexva infrared floor is fully consistent with good quality and reliability.
Features of IR films from the company Heat Plus
Brand Heat Plus is engaged in the production of warm floors (including infrared). Features of the models that are manufactured by this company, is that they can have a different shape of the film, namely:
The price of a heat-reflecting base ranges from 80 to 200 rubles. The simplest model of the thermostat will cost approximately 1,200 rubles, and the more expensive devices equipped with touch-sensitive programming will cost 2,500 rubles. The cost of installation services is also different and can vary from 200 to 400 rubles. for 1 m.
Where can I buy film warm floors? You can purchase these heating systems at any specialized store or building hypermarket. You can also buy infrared film underfloor heating through the Internet. To do this, go to the site that sells this product and place an order.