With frequent use of the garage there is a need for the organization of heating communication, as in the winter, being in a cold room is associated with certain inconveniences. Conducting an autonomous system is often not affordable. In order to organize heating in the garage, there are several ways that anyone can realize. Each of them has its pros and cons, which need attention.
Heating for garage: Advantages and disadvantages
Heated constructions have obvious advantages. However, many people do not even realize how important heating communication is for this building. First of all, it must be said that it is easier to start a car in a heated garage. This is explained quite easily: at normal temperature, the engine oil does not thicken.
The lower the density of the oil, the more gentle effect it has on various engine components. Thus, the installation of heating communications increases the operational life of the vehicle. Installing a garage heating system (no matter what) increases the comfort of being inside the building during the cold season.
A common problem is the freezing of locks on the doors of the car. Most often this occurs after washing the car. In a heated garage, this problem simply does not exist. However, besides the obvious advantages, there are some disadvantages associated with heating the garage structure. For example, the arrangement of any type of heating is associated with an increase in financial costs.
At installation of the furnace, a boiler or any other design there is a risk of their failure. In confined spaces, this can lead to an emergency. In order to decide how to heat the garage, it is recommended to carefully examine each of the heating methods.
Note! Before starting the installation of heating, it is necessary to think carefully about the future design and perform it schematically with the designation of all the nuances.
The main reason for the various problems associated with the heating system is excessive saving. This leads to the installation of substandard and unprotected structures that can create an emergency. Of course, there are other problems, for example, ignoring the simplest design rules for heating.
Before proceeding with the installation of heating communications, it is recommended to study the requirements that are put forward to it. Such a system should be reliable and easy to operate. And also it should have good resistance to temperature fluctuations. Much in this case depends on the material from which the garage construction is made. Photo and video materials on this subject allow you to get an answer to the question of how to make heating in the garage.
Another requirement that is being put forward to the heating structure is autonomy. Electric heating in this case is not the most profitable solution, since in the absence of current, heating is also turned off.
Antifreeze is recommended as a heat carrier. This substance does not freeze at low temperatures. In addition, you can perform heating in the garage on the tosol. Each of these methods allows you to protect the heating structure from freezing and ensure its efficient operation.
There are several conditions that should be taken into account when installing heating communications. It is very important to minimize heat loss in the garage. To do this, you can perform wall and roof insulation. Thermal insulation of garage doors, through which quite large heat losses occur, helps to maintain the required temperature.
The second rule that requires mandatory compliance is the laying of effective ventilation communication. To heat the garage, you need to create a system with a temperature within 100 ° C. This is quite enough for the humidity inside the building to meet the standards. Compliance with this rule allows you to avoid problems that occur when starting the car engine.
Useful information! During the organization of heating in the garage you need to think carefully about fire safety. The places in which fire extinguishers and other fire protection equipment will be placed are mandatory marked on the preliminary drawing. This is especially important when the gas boiler is used for heating the garage.
If a design that functions on liquid fuel is used for heating, then it is recommended to place a special box with asbestos cloth near the heating module. In the event of an emergency, this precaution will help eliminate the fire and save the building.
One of the ways to heat a garage construction involves the use of heating appliances, in which water serves as a coolant. This method does not require the organization of a separate system. This is an absolute advantage. However, it should be remembered that in this case an additional load is formed that affects the general house heating communication.
Water heating of the garage requires proper calculation, since the addition of another branch to the overall structure affects the performance, which determines the efficiency of heating. One of them is the pressure in pipes and heating devices. When choosing a radiator for a garage building, it is worth remembering that they must have a certain power reserve.
Adding an additional branch is reflected in the fuel consumption, which is used to generate thermal energy. Despite this, this method is more profitable from a financial point of view than many others.
It is easiest to organize heating of the garage structure in the case when the building is located in close proximity to a residential building – at a distance of no more than 15-20 m. For water heating in the garage, one radiator is sufficient. The number of sections is selected depending on the following factors:
- average annual temperature in the region;
- the dimensions of the garage;
- material built.
As practice shows, the organization of normal heating requires a radiator containing from 6 to 20 segments. However, exceptions are possible if the dimensions of the garage are large or the design has an unusual layout.
There is a second option for organizing water heating in a garage. It involves the installation of a separate heating device. This method is recommended by experts in the case when the garage structure is located at a considerable distance from the residential building.
Many experts recommend the use of antifreeze in the arrangement of a separate heater in the garage. Such a coolant eliminates the possibility of freezing the system. For regions with cold winters, this option is the most acceptable. If you wish, you can choose another coolant. For example, heating in a garage on antifreeze is popular. It’s easy to make such a system with your own hands, you just need to follow the instructions.
Useful information! Installation of a separate boiler eliminates heat losses that are inevitable when transporting coolant from the main line to the auxiliary line.
When arranging water heating in the garage with your own hands, you should understand the principle of the design. Otherwise, self-assembly can be difficult. The heater is required to heat the coolant. After the coolant reaches the desired temperature, it is transported through pipes to the battery. Then it transfers heat to the environment, cools and returns to the boiler.
The radiators are connected to the boiler according to two schemes. One of them is parallel, and the second is sequential. The type of connection depends on the number of pipes running from the battery. The parallel option provides uniform heating of each radiator installed inside the garage building. For it uses two pipelines. The second option provides for the arrangement of a single-pipe system, which is more acceptable in such conditions.
Other advantages of a consistent connection type include ease of installation and lower financial costs for materials. When organizing the heating of the garage with your own hands according to this scheme, it is necessary to take into account that in each subsequent radiator the coolant temperature will be lower than in the previous one.
Many owners of garages make boilers independently. This significantly reduces financial costs, however, increases the complexity of the work. In this case, the old radiators and pipes are suitable for the heating system. Plastic tanks are used as expansion tanks.
Heating the garage building by using electricity is the most comfortable way in terms of ease of installation and initial financial costs. The main disadvantage of this method is an increase in electricity costs. Consider the advantages and disadvantages of this method in more detail.
The organization of heating communications, which operates on electricity, eliminates the need for the use of solid and liquid fuels. This greatly increases the operational convenience of the system, since there are no unpleasant odors and pollution that require cleaning.
Electric garage heating can be arranged using various appliances. The modern market has a wide selection of infrared, oil and other devices that operate on the network.
If the device has enough power, then it is able to warm the air inside the garage to a comfortable level in just 30 minutes. This is a significant advantage, since such a rate of heating the air allows you to quickly operate the garage if necessary. Garage heating boilers lead in their efficiency.
It is not recommended to use portable heat fans for heating the garage space. Such devices, as a rule, have low efficiency. Also, when using such a device increases the risk of fire.
In addition to the cost of paying bills, there are other disadvantages of this method of heating the garage. When doing electric heating with your own hands, it is worth remembering that this method has power limitations. Because of this, it is not always possible to install a device that will be as effective as possible under certain conditions.
Note! Today there is the possibility of arranging a combined heating communication. For example, quite often in the garages you can find boilers operating from the network and combined with a water circuit for heating the garage space.
Thus, it is recommended to install electric heating in the garage in the case when there is no need to spend a large amount of time in the room. For a short stay this option is most appropriate.
Thus, at present there are many options for organizing heating inside a garage building. When choosing a type of heating, it is recommended to pay attention to the individual characteristics of the room. Installation of each system is based on building codes and fire safety regulations.