With the onset of cold weather, the provision of a comfortable temperature in the house or at the cottage comes to the fore. It is important not to go broke on the costs of heating the room. Therefore, it is important to use an economical electric heater: it is able to warm up the room effectively and save energy. Let’s see what is the difference between different types of such equipment and which heaters are the most economical.
Which heaters are the most economical and efficient?
The simplest and at the same time effective device for creating a comfortable microclimate in the house is an electric heater. It has a number of important advantages:
- simplicity of operation – for operation of the device it is enough to turn it on. The device does not require any additional manipulations;
- the ability to customize the system, for example, select the mode of operation, adjust the temperature of the heating room, and even humidify the air;
- a variety of models allows you to choose the ideal option that will cope not only with additional, but also emergency or permanent heating of the home;
- the device works quietly – without making loud noises and not emitting unpleasant odors;
- To use such an appliance, no special conditions or permits are required: it is sufficient to withstand the load of the electrical network
- models with high efficiency heat the room very quickly;
- It is easy to choose a heater in any price category. In itself, such equipment is not too expensive, and each manufacturer has a line of different classes. Thus, you can enter the purchase in almost any budget.
Helpful advice! Remember that when the device itself is cheap, the heater consumes a lot of energy, and electricity is an expensive kind of resource. Therefore, so that the additional heating of the room does not hit the pocket, choose an economical model of electric heaters.
According to the type of work, electric heaters are divided into several types:
|Principle of operation||Types of heaters|
|Convective||Electric convectors, heaters, fan heaters|
|Radiant||Infrared panels, radiant mirrors|
|Combined (convective-radiation)||Oil radiators|
What are the features of these types of economical heaters for the home? Consider more.
The principle of operation of convective heaters is based on the movement of air: cold air enters the fan, the heating element converts it into warm, after which the heated air comes out and rushes up. Thus, the air constantly runs through the room, providing uniform heating. The room warms up quickly and efficiently.
Convectors are economical, and simple models are budget, however, their fire risk is quite high. Equipped with a complex emergency shutdown system, safety and protection are more expensive, while all of them in the process of working dry the air. It makes sense to buy a convective floor or wall economical electric heater to give, if you do not live there permanently and there is no need to lay the heating system.
The device of an infrared heater is more complicated and more modern than a convector. The basis of his work is the radiation aimed at objects surrounding the device. The air heats up from them – according to a similar principle, the sun’s rays act. As a result, in the zone of operation of the heater you will be comfortable even in a cold room, while the room will warm up evenly.
This type of heater does not dry the air, does not raise dust and has the highest efficiency. The main disadvantage of such equipment is power consumption. There are cost-effective models that allow you to set special modes of operation – for example, automatic shutdown of the device when establishing a comfortable microclimate in the room. However, such devices are much more expensive.
For clarity, consider a small example. So, heating a room up to 20 m? takes 120 minutes, while the device consumes 90 W / m ?. The smaller the size of the room, the lower the power consumption.
The operation of such heaters is based on the principle of convection: there is oil in the radiator, which heats up to the desired temperature, after which the metal case transfers the heat produced. The speed of warming up the room is increased due to the built-in fan and the function of turbocharging; however, not all models have these capabilities. Combined heaters are quite bulky and bulky, but they are cheaper than others.
Helpful advice! Oil cooler is not suitable as the main source of heat. This type of equipment will suit you if you are looking for an economical heater for your home for a short period when it is already cold and the central heating has not yet been turned on or has already been turned off.
Air conditioners operate on the principle of a heat pump and are fundamentally different from conventional heaters. The pump takes the air outside the room and moves it into the room, and the operation of the air conditioner is possible even at sub-zero temperatures outside. The basis of the operation of the inverter heater – gas-freon. It condenses and warms up in the heat exchanger of the indoor unit, after which it enters the outdoor unit. There, under low pressure, it becomes gas again, boils and returns to the heat exchanger.
Energy consumption during operation of the air conditioner is 2-3 kW / hour. Room at 20 m? heats up in 3-4 hours.
Micatermic heater – a new development, the principle of which is based on long-wave infrared radiation. The basis of the structure of the device are mica-coated non-metallic plates. They warm up quickly and efficiently, while heating up even far away objects. The device itself remains cold during operation. The only disadvantage of such an electric heater is the price, which significantly exceeds the cost of other types of equipment.
The principle of operation of the ceramic panel is based on long-wave infrared radiation. The heating panel is enclosed in a steel duct, characterized by high thermal conductivity and energy saving. Due to the neutral appearance of the ceramic plate will fit into any interior.
Energy consumption panel is directly proportional to its size. On average, it ranges from 0.2 to 2.5 kW / hour. To warm up the room with an area of 20 m? 1 kW / hour is required. The full heating of the room will take 1.5-2 hours.
As a rule, central heating is available in city apartments, so the appliance will not be used all the time. The heater is turned on in the event of a malfunction of the central networks, for an instant increase in temperature in the room, as well as in the off-season.
The most economical electric heater for the apartment will be the convector. It moderately consumes electricity, does not require large investments in the purchase, while able to work for a long time. It is worth refusing to buy a fan heater: this type of equipment makes noise during operation, and is the most energy-intensive type of heaters.
If the central heating system works with frequent interruptions, you should pay attention to infrared devices, which are often equipped with thermostats. Therefore, if you buy an electric electric heater with an electronic thermostat, it will significantly save energy, and hence the family budget. Basically, such a heater requires more electricity, however, fine-tuning and various modes of operation make it possible not to turn the equipment on at full capacity, while at the same time maintaining a comfortable temperature in the room.
Bathroom – a special article, because there will not be able to buy any electric heater. Due to the presence of water, it is dangerous to use an ordinary electrical appliance in the bathroom, and often there is not even a 220 V outlet in the room.
The only option is a heater designed on the principle of a washing machine, that is, providing protection against water and conditions of high humidity. Save here will not work, but only by choosing a heater, designed for use in a humid environment, you can be sure of the safety of using the device. There are a whole range of electric baseboard heaters for use in the bathroom. The housing and the heating element of such a device is made taking into account the risk of ingress of water.
And, of course, remember that the device must be placed outside even the hypothetical reach of water.
Helpful advice! When choosing a heater for the bathroom, be sure to specify when buying that in front of you is a special device designed for use in a wet environment. Not every plinth heater is adapted for such conditions, in addition, there are budget simulations, in fact, do not meet the established quality standards.
The choice of the most economical heater for a house located outside the city should be based on how often you go there. When living in such a house all year round, the heater is connected to a local central or autonomous heating system. In this case, the principle of choosing a heater is the same as for a city apartment. It is also worth paying attention to the inverter heaters that can quickly warm up even a large house.
If you are in the country from time to time and there is no sense in connecting to the central heating system, you need a device that warms up the room quickly and will be able to maintain a comfortable microclimate in it for a long time.
A convector or an infrared heater warms up the room quickly and efficiently, but buying expensive equipment in a house where you are rare is not practical. If there are any heat sources in the country, for example, a stove, you can choose the most budgetary option – the heat gun. If the house does not provide heating at all, it will be optimal to use a combined heater.
For non-residential premises such as a garage or a workshop, the priority is to quickly heat the air, and there is no need to maintain the desired temperature for a long time. The best option in this case is a convector.
The low-cost choice will be a fan heater or heat gun, which differ only in power. They instantly warm up the room without spending a lot of resources, as they work for a short period of time.
To buy expensive and sophisticated infrared heaters for such premises is useless.
Helpful advice! An oil radiator is also a good option: it will quickly heat the room, and due to the long-term cooling of the oil, heat transfer will continue even after the device is turned off from the network.
To decide which heater is more economical for your purposes, it is worth analyzing the characteristics of the characteristics of different models, as well as the prices of certain appliances.
Comparative table of different types of heating devices:
|Infrared|| || |
|Inverter air conditioner|| || |
|Electric convector|| || |
|Micatermic Heater|| || |
|Ceramic panel|| || |
|Film heater|| || |
To choose a suitable economical electric heater, it is worthwhile to compare products from different companies. For each type of equipment has its own leaders and leading models.
Infrared heaters. You can choose an infrared floor electric heater (mounted on the legs or a mobile version) or fixed on the ceiling (wall) of the model. The leading manufacturers of such devices are UFO, Saturn, Beko and Eko. Budget models can be found at the Turkish manufacturer Infratek.
Electric wall mounted heater Good warmth. In a separate subspecies can be distinguished economical electric wall heater-picture. Such a device works on the principle of infrared heaters, but differs in the original look. High-tech-units will not fit into every interior, but here you choose a picture on your wall to your liking, which will add comfort and warmth to your home.
Inverter heaters. The undisputed leader among manufacturers of climatic equipment is the Japanese company Daikin. However, its products are notable for their high prices. Inverter heaters manufactured by the Japanese company Mitsubushi are also expensive, but you can also find low-end models among their range. The best choice in the middle price category will be air conditioners of the Chinese brand Haier, Japanese Toshiba and Korean LG.
Electric convectors. Among the most economical electric heaters with high efficiency are convectors of the French manufacturer Atlantic. Power devices of this company ranges from 0.5 to 2.5 kW. To heat a room with an area of 20 m ?, the model whose electricity consumption is 2 kW / hour will be the best choice. Thus, it will take approximately 4 hours to heat the room.
Also, the Electrolux, Ballu, Noirot and Nobo convectors have good performance.
Micatermic heaters. Among the mikatermicheskih heaters pay attention to the products of the Spaniards VES: their products are notable for protection against falling and the possibility of fine tuning modes. Heaters of the Russian company Bimatec can also boast of electronic control and fine tuning. And for heating an office or a spacious house you should choose powerful devices from the Poliaris company. When buying an economical electric heater for the house of this company, 1.8 kW / h will be enough to warm up a room of 20 m ?.
Ceramic panels. Among the most economical models of ceramic panels are the following options:
- NTK Malysh power 0.25 kW;
- Eco power 0.35 kW;
- Atacama power of 0.5 kW;
- Venice “Bio-convector” PKK700 with a capacity of 0.7 kW;
- Venice “Bio-Convector” PKK 1350 with a capacity of 1,350 kW;
- NTES Evolution 400 with a power of 0.4 kW;
- NTES Evolution 800 power 0.8 kW.
Helpful advice! Pay attention to heaters with the front of the case in the form of a glass-ceramic panel. Outwardly, they are indistinguishable from televisions, because they will organically fit into any modern interior.
Economical electric heaters (prices for different types of devices):
|Heater Type||Average price, rub.|
|Infrared heaters||from 1500 to 200000|
|Inverter heaters||from 30,000 to 75,000|
|Electric convectors||from 1500 to 54000|
|Micatermic Heaters||from 1500 to 8500|
|Ceramic panels||from 5,000 to 14,000|
|Film Heaters||from 900 to 1500|
If you make a rating, the best in terms of ergonomics, efficiency, durability and economy are three types of equipment:
- Ceramic panels.
- Micatermic heaters.
- Infrared heaters.
All of them belong to the expensive type of equipment, but justify the costs with their efficiency and long service life. Thus, it makes sense to buy an economical wall-mounted electric heater, if frequent use of the appliance for residential heating is required.