The distribution of light has always been important in the design of the premises. With the advent of LED technology, LED strips have been used in almost every interior. With their help, you can visually change the geometry of the room, highlight the contours of furniture, highlight the elements of decor. The tape is easily attached to the surface and can be used to frame complex curved paths. The connection scheme of the LED strip 220V to the network is simple, which allows you to make the installation yourself.
Advantages and use of LED strips
LED tape is a flexible printed circuit board with LEDs soldered to it. The scope of such lighting includes outdoor advertising, traffic signs, interior and landscape design, electronic scoreboards, portable devices, and even LED wallpaper.
LED tapes have received such wide use due to a number of unique advantages:
- easy and quick installation – most tapes have double-sided tape on the back side, which makes it easier to fix the cable to any surface;
- economical use – LEDs are distinguished by low power consumption;
- Duration of operation is a long service life, in contrast to traditional incandescent lamps and fluorescent lamps;
- environmental safety – do not contain substances harmful to health and the environment, due to the uniform distribution of light do not have a negative impact on vision;
- the ability to operate in harsh environments – withstand small vibrations, shocks, moisture, low temperature;
- small size, flexibility and moisture resistance allow the use of tape in interior design, landscape design, advertising for lighting, distributed along the length;
- no heat – can be used for mounting on any surface: plastic, glass, acrylic and others;
- a wide range of shades of glow – thanks to the connection of the RGB-LED strip with the controller, you can set the loop any color.
Using LED strips, you can realize any ideas homemade creators. They are used for contour lighting of ceilings, floors, steps, as well as furniture and decorative elements: paintings, panels, aquariums. Applying such lighting in hard-to-reach areas, you can beat the flaws and emphasize the dignity of the interior.
LED strip for ceiling lighting. Basic accommodation options. The basic rules and subtleties of the choice of such options backlight. Examples of placement of the LED strip on the ceiling. Features of its installation.
Due to its compact size, installing a LED strip on the ceiling does not require the installation of large recesses: it usually lasts a few centimeters to place it. Depending on your preferences, you can use monochrome ribbons that emit light of the same color or colored loops, adjusting which you can get almost any shade. A photo of the ceiling lighting with a LED strip under the baseboard illustrates how to highlight the outlines of the room.
Depending on the size of the diodes, the ribbons used for backlighting are divided into two types: SMD 3528 and SMD 5050. The SMD 5050 tapes have a powerful diode glow, each of which is capable of emitting three colors (RGB tapes). With the help of the RGB LED strip with the remote control and the controller and with the power supply unit, not only the shades of the glow, but also the time during which they will change are set.
There is also a classification of tapes by the number of diodes placed on 1 meter of flexible strip. The number of them can be 30, 60 and 120. The higher the density of the diodes, the brighter the glow, and, consequently, the magnitude of the power consumption of the LED strip. It is recommended to use ribbons for illumination of the ceiling, the light intensity of which is insignificant: the illumination will not serve as the main source of light, but will only gently outline the contours of the ceiling zone.
Note! When choosing LED strip power per meter, It should be noted that the greater the brightness, the more powerful the power supply will be needed and the more expensive the purchase will cost.
Before you install the LED strip on the ceiling (if you can not hide it for drywall or tension structure), install a special profile in which it will be located. LED strip profiles are simply attached and help to better cool the tape. Buy profiles for LED strip can be in retail outlets specializing in the sale of lighting.
Most often in the design of interior LED strips are used as a local lighting that complements the main sources of light. However, they can also be used to highlight a small specific area, such as the head of a bed or a kitchen apron. A very popular option is the lighting of the kitchen work surface, as evidenced by the numerous photo LED strip in the kitchen.
Helpful advice! Mounting LED lighting for the kitchen, arrange it so that the emitted light does not “cut” the eye.
Framing tape steps is not only an excellent design solution, but also serves for the safety of moving up the stairs. Such lighting can be used in standby mode. By making it less intense, you can leave the lights for orientation at night. If you arrange the LED strip area where the TV is located, then for comfortable viewing will not need additional light sources.
With the help of LED ribbons they add volume to glass racks and shelves, highlighting them from the end. In interiors where natural lighting is not enough, LED backlights are also used to highlight pictures. This technique will give the product a flavor and originality, and the absence of heat will not damage the canvas itself. The curtains illuminated by a ribbon or drapes look spectacular.
Flexibility of the plume allows to realize the highlighting of niches of complex shapes of any size, outlines of furniture, shelving, mirrors and other interior elements. Making the color backlight transparent glass surface, you can create a festive feeling, or, conversely, an atmosphere of relaxation and privacy. It is very convenient to use the tape in the closets and dressing rooms.
Self Adhesive LED Strip 220V
The main difference of the LED strip 220V from similar products is that it operates at a voltage of 220V without a power supply. It connects to the network using special power cables, so you can easily connect the LED tape with your own hands. In addition, you can connect up to 100 m of flexible LED strip 220V, using one power cable.
The product is manufactured with various classes of protection, including against dirt, dust, moisture, mechanical damage, adverse weather factors. Self-adhesive tape is made on a thin flexible basis with a thickness of 2 mm and a width of 2 cm and is supplied in reels of 50 and 100 m. The tape can be cut into parts that are multiples of one meter without sacrificing its functionality.
Manufacturers produce models of flexible backlight 220V with LEDs of various types: SMD 3014, SMD 3528, SMD 5050. The types of LEDs affect the brightness and power consumption of the tape. Various colors of light and light temperature patterns. For mounting, special clips are provided for quick and convenient fastening.
For ease of installation, an adhesive layer (double-sided tape), protected by a film, is applied to the reverse side of the tape. To fix the LED strip in the right place, you need to remove the protective layer and attach it with a sticky side to the surface. In order to avoid peeling off, too long pieces (more than 5 m) are recommended to be cut into separate parts.
Note! If the surface on which you plan to install the LED strip is conductive, it must be insulated.
Manufacturers produce LED strips that differ in size and density of LEDs, the degree of protection, colors of light and other characteristics. You can buy products in online stores, on the websites of manufacturing companies, as well as in specialized outlets. Ribbons are supplied in rolls. Depending on the required length, the flexible board can be cut into the desired lengths.
In order to emit a uniform glow of the tape, you should buy profiles for LED strip with a diffuser. Aluminum, plastic, with round and rectangular sections are commercially available, they can be embedded or overhead. For flush mounting, you can purchase corner profiles for LED strip, which will provide protection from mechanical and climatic influences.
Appeared in the sale of LED tape 220 volts (Duralight) designed for direct connection to a conventional outlet. In view of this, there is no need to purchase a power supply unit for them, which makes the purchase more profitable. By purchasing a 220-volt LED strip for interior design, you can save a lot, given that it consumes significantly less electricity than incandescent lamps, providing the same lighting.
Indicative prices per meter of led strip 220V presented in the table:
|LED strip name||Voltage, |
W / m
|Degree of protection||LED count, |
pcs / m
|Price per meter, rub.|
|SMD 3528||220||4.8||IP67||60||Warm white||97|
|SMD 5050||220||14.4||IP67||60||Warm white||158|
|SMD 3528 |
|220||4.8||IP67||60||Warm white, red, |
|SMD 5050 sealed||220||14.4||IP67||60||Warm white||242|
LED tapes have different supply voltage: 12V, 24V and 220V. Therefore, in addition to the tapes themselves, voltage transducers (power supplies), controllers for regulating multi-color tapes, power cords, connectors, as well as ready-made sets of components are offered for sale. In addition, in the product catalogs are presented profiles and boxes for LED tape, which you can buy by placing the appropriate order.
The best price of self-adhesive LED strip 12V SMD 3528, in one meter of which there are 60 LEDs, is from 73 rubles. per meter, the same tape with 120 diodes can be purchased for 139 rubles. per meter length. The cost of waterproof LED tape self-adhesive 12V with 60 LEDs is 110 rubles. per meter
Helpful advice! You should not buy cheap products: there is a chance that over time a poor-quality LED strip will lose its color balance or even burn out diodes.
If for you the correct location, connection and service life of LED strips is of fundamental importance, you should seek help from the professionals. Specialists will not only carry out high-quality installation using high-precision equipment, but also consult on the level of illumination, uniform lighting of structures and the choice of the exact installation location.
Specialized organizations offer the use of modern lighting equipment, selected as a result of studying the properties and performance in different operating conditions. All connections are made by high-quality cable soldering method, followed by isolation. Connectors for quick installation when connecting are not used.
In addition, all the necessary measurements are carried out to meet the requirements for illumination, regulated by SNiP. Works are carried out carefully, responsibly and in the shortest possible time. All types of services are guaranteed up to 3 years. The price for installing one meter of monochrome LED tape is about 600 rubles, taking into account the cost of the tape, blocks and consumables. Installing an RGB tape will cost approximately 1,400 rubles per linear meter.
Connection diagram of the LED strip 220V to the network
The main reason for which it is forbidden to connect the LED strip directly to the 220V household power network is the high voltage. With this connection will overheat and, as a consequence, the failure of the diodes. The tapes are designed for DC supply voltage of 12V and 24V. The required voltage is indicated on the tape itself along its entire length. To obtain the required power, use the mains voltage converters.
How to connect 12 volt LED strip to mains
Connection diagrams of LED strips for 12V and 24V are as simple as possible and have an identical principle. Before you connect the LED strip to 220V, you need to consider a few important points:
- It is necessary to determine the total length of the line on which the tape will be located. Knowing this value, it will be possible to cut the strip correctly.
- Cut the tape must be in strictly defined places, marked by the manufacturer in the form of a symbol with the image of scissors and cut lines. If you make a cut in an arbitrary place, some diodes will be disconnected from each other and will not glow, as there will be an open circuit.
- It is necessary to take into account the polarity. If during the connection the tape does not work, then the connection is incorrect and you need to correct the situation.
- Read the product manual and read the training video before installing the LED strip. Connection lead in a specific instruction order.
When connecting the LED strip to 12 volts, use the power supply, the main function of which is to lower the voltage in the network from 220V to 12V. The connection is made using a twin wire: in the power supply unit it is clamped with terminals, and soldered to the tape in the places of contact pads. The connection of the transformer for the LED strip 12 volts is made taking into account the polarity: plus to plus, minus to minus.
Helpful advice! In order to hide the power supply, you need a certain space. Given this, choose the appropriate compact model converters.
Connection of 220V LED strip
The connection diagram of the LED strip to the mains 220V without a converter includes a diode bridge, which serves as a voltage rectifier. A feature of the connection is that the LEDs are connected in one chain of 60 pieces in series or in pairs. The ribbon should be cut after 50 or 100 cm. If one LED fails during the process, the entire segment, which can be easily replaced, goes out.
When mounting the LED tape with your own hands, you must first check the current passing through the LEDs. If, when measuring, it turns out to be more than permissible, it is necessary to attach another piece of tape. Such a connection should be done very carefully, since the soldering points remain bare and, if you accidentally touch them, you can get an electric shock. It is necessary to take measures to prevent contact with bare spots.
In LED strips 220V is used such a scheme. Factory products are already designed to connect to the network 220V. For safety, such tapes are placed in a transparent PVC tube: this eliminates the risk of touching dangerous contacts and additionally protects against moisture. Due to this, waterproof waterproof LED self-adhesive tape 220V can be used not only in rooms with high humidity, but also outdoors.
To make an independent installation of the backlight, you will need the following tools: a tape measure, a soldering iron, scissors, screws, wires. Before installing the LED strip, it is necessary to measure the length of the surface in order to correctly calculate the required amount of tape and consumables.
The fastening of the cut pieces of tape to each other can be done in two ways: by soldering the ends of the tape or by means of connecting connectors. If the backlight section to be mounted is long, it is recommended to use a parallel power supply circuit: when the cable from the converter goes to which the tape is connected. In this case, the intensity of the glow will be the same throughout the entire length of the backlight.
Installation begins with attaching a profile for the LED strip. To do this, at its base, pre-drill holes through which the profile is fixed to the surface with the help of screws. Then, a tape is fastened to the side or bottom surface of the profile (with the side onto which the adhesive backing is applied). Wires and power supply are hidden in niches or interior elements, and the indicator (IR) is left visible.
There are various options for making fixtures from LED strip do it yourself. The easiest way is to make a horizontal model for lighting in the kitchen area of the countertop where food is usually cut. For the manufacture will require an aluminum corner with holes made and a piece of tape of the appropriate length. If the profile is not used for illumination, before installing the LED strip in the kitchen, the surface is carefully degreased.
Knowing the principle of the LED strip, and using its flexibility, you can design lamps of various shapes on any surface. They will enhance the range of lighting and give a special effect to the design of the entire room or individual elements. In addition, from products made with their own hands, always blows warmth and comfort.