There are several types of floors in construction. Reinforced concrete floors in the house, which are created at the construction site, are still popular. However, other types of slabs are also becoming popular, for example, precast concrete structures. What you need to know about ceilings, what types of them exist and what is the cost of construction?
What is overlap?
This is a horizontal partition between the individual floors of the structure. In addition to dividing individual floors from each other, it is designed to transfer loads to vertical planes, that is, to partitions and load-bearing walls. The slab can also support some of the loads on the roof. In addition, it provides rigidity to the entire building structure..
Reinforced concrete floors should dampen noise well, provide good thermal insulation. Sometimes, in the case of poorly mounted slabs, so-called cold bridges are formed, through which a lot of heat is emitted. This increases the costs associated with heating the house..
The use of reinforced concrete floors: features
Despite the development of technology, reinforced concrete floor slabs are still popular in construction. They are created right at the construction site. This type of structure is usually used for large buildings, including private houses and buildings with complex shapes..
What parameters should reinforced concrete floor panels have??
Product parameters depend on the design requirements of the building. The advantage of such slabs is that they can have different thicknesses. When determining the thickness of the building material, the main attention is paid to the span of a monolithic product and the method of its reinforcement..
As a rule, such reinforced concrete structures have a thickness of about 15 to 20 cm. Moreover, the larger the span of the building material, the greater its thickness should be. In the case of single-family houses, the span of a monolithic reinforced concrete product is 6 meters.
Laying reinforced concrete floor slabs
This design has layers that need to be stacked in the correct order. First, the formwork with reinforcement is laid, which is poured with concrete. For reinforcement and screed, strong materials should be used, as this will increase the strength of the entire building structure. Concrete work is carried out in the traditional way or with the help of special equipment, which significantly speeds up the work associated with the construction of a house. It should be remembered that the concrete structure must dry for a long time. This usually takes about a month. Optimum drying conditions allow the screed components to bond well, which prevents cracking that can occur at high air temperatures.
Due to the relatively long drying time and waiting around four weeks for further construction work, many people are considering using other solutions. Therefore, quite often they ask the question: reinforced concrete slab or Teriva (prefabricated monolithic interfloor slabs). The differences between the structures lie in the construction method, which is best demonstrated by the cross-sections of both types of ceilings. In the case of Terivad products, reinforced concrete beams and hollow blocks made of expanded clay or concrete are used to fill the structure. Terivan is much lighter than monolithic concrete slabs and does not require specialized equipment to erect. Also, less time is spent on preparatory work..
Reinforced concrete floors in a private house: construction cost
When calculating the price of reinforced concrete slabs, most of the costs are the wages of the construction team. This is due to the fact that the preparation of structures of this type takes a lot of time, requires high qualifications of the builders who will carry out the work. Quality materials cannot be cheap. In this case, saving is not worth it, since the low quality of building material or reinforcement can reduce the safety of the entire structure. Labor and material costs depend on the region in which the house is being built. It is important to remember that costs increase with ceiling thickness..