Wooden stairs to the second floor, photos of which are certainly demonstrated when describing the interior of private two-story houses, are not only portals between the two floors of the building, but also a remarkable design subject. Most of the owners of cottages choose the tree as a building material for the construction of stairs. This is due to its beauty, environmental friendliness and relative availability. In addition, the wood, decorated accordingly, perfectly combined with a large number of architectural and interior styles.
Requirements for interfloor stairs
Interfloor stairs in their functionality are objects of continuous use, so they are subject to the requirements of the status, both in terms of convenience and safety, and aesthetic qualities:
- the object must be beautiful and perfectly match with all the features of the interior of the room. His aesthetics should not be doubted;
- the ladder must fully take into account the biomechanics of human movement, that is, be absolutely comfortable for ascent and descent;
- all the details of the construction and their connections with each other must have strength and reliability: the steps simply must withstand a load close to 300 kg per square meter, and the railings must not break with significant lateral pressure;
Helpful advice! In order to meet all the requirements for the stairs, it is necessary not only to pay attention to the beauty of the structure, but also to make correct calculations of its slope, width and height of the steps. You should not forget about the railing.
The choice of design and type of stairs is largely determined by the purpose of the premises in which it is installed. By design, the ladder can be either straight, swivel or screw. If the staircase is located in a fairly extensive hallway or living room, then the steps should be made a small height, but their width is as large as possible. Do not ignore the creation of sites with railings, as they are responsible for safety, especially when there are elderly people and small children in the family.
When the area of the required space is not high, it will be correct to install a spiral staircase structure in it. Of course, they are not so convenient for movement, but they are very elegant, beautiful and occupy a minimum of usable space. It would be even more rational to use rotary structures of staircases with treads. This option also does not take up much space, and if the width of the steps is not less than 100 cm, then this will even allow to pile up the overall furniture to the second floor, but not without difficulty.
Due to the wealth of design options, more often than not others install wooden stairs to the second floor. Photos and design features of some of them can be considered in more detail.
Today, the interior style of the room mainly dictates the choice of design options and color of the stairs. From the Nordic countries spread original Scandinavian design. It is characterized by maximum use of the natural beauty and benefits of wood. It has a light shade, and often does turn white. This is due to the climatic features of the circumpolar regions of Scandinavia, where there is not enough sunlight, especially in the winter season. Often this style involves the installation of combined types of stairs in which you can observe the harmonious combination of wood and metal.
Another “woody” style is called “Russian izba”. It is characterized by the presence of numerous massive carved ornaments made of wood. Some of them can be considered masterpieces of Russian architecture. The themes of these patterns can be completely different. Russian ecotema today is very popular. For its implementation, a sufficiently large area of the room is required so that the whole span of the national tradition is visible.
An extremely large number of wooden stairs to the second floor, whose photos can be found anywhere, are equipped with fences and railings. They are based on racks, between which various decorative elements are installed. Among them are the most common balusters, which are carved with a fancy shape of the column. Sometimes there are options in which the space between the racks is filled with forged patterned elements. They are in perfect harmony with the massive wooden structure of the stairs.
Helpful advice! Fencing can be made of metal in other ways besides forging. Such openwork designs are light and elegant.
Any stair design assumes the presence of unclaimed space under it. If there is not enough space in the house, then even it can turn into a usable space. Sometimes this is dictated by the need to implement some design ideas.
The simplest way to use the space under the stairs that comes to mind is the device of the pantry for inventory and various things. There you can build a closet that will make room in the hallway and allow you to define clothes, all shoes and other household items, as well as their care products. If you add to this drawers with wheels, in general, you can 100% claim all the space under the stairs. This will also facilitate cleaning under wooden stairs to the second floor. There are a lot of photos of the options for filling the subgun space.
Some designers create a comfortable seating area under the stairs. Especially he likes children. There you can even put a table, creating a small office for work. Nobody forbids making shelves for books there by creating a library. The main thing is that the whole structure does not make the whole look of the stairs heavy, does not make it too cumbersome and does not limit the possibilities for cleaning the room too much.
If we consider the ideal conditions, the attic stairs are designed at the time of drafting. However, in reality everything happens differently. Often the attic itself is completed much later than putting a dwelling object into operation, and often occurs at the place of a usual attic room. In such conditions it is necessary to puzzle over the problem of installing the stairs to the attic. Photos of some options allow us to make a small review of them.
There are enough options for the construction of such stairs. Their design is not limited to almost any additional frames compared to conventional interfloor stairs. Take at least a spiral staircase. She can perfectly emphasize the style of the room and give it a pompous and expensive look. Most importantly, this design occupies a completely small piece of space and can be built even in an already inhabited house without detriment to the usable space and without the need for a cardinal reconstruction.
If the attic is used only in the summer, and even then not often, and the area in the house is completely limited, then you can build a folding ladder that will be mounted on the hatch cover. She doesn’t bother the owners of the house at all, she will not even see her when the loft is closed. At the same time, such a ladder can easily be folded out if necessary with a simple movement.
If the attic is actually a full-fledged second floor, then the staircase to the attic should also be full-fledged. Photos of marching wooden stairs often show that they connect two such floors. Marching design is different comfort and ease of use. It is turning 90 or 180 degrees and straight. This design can be arranged only with a sufficient amount of space.
Helpful advice! In some cases, the entrance to the attic is outside the house. With this design and the ladder can be built outside.
If, after deliberation, you decided to build a two-story house yourself, or to supplement an existing attic floor, then you can choose from a certain number of options for interfloor wooden stairs to the second floor. Photos of finished works will help to make this choice.