Building a home is a big problem for investors in many ways. It is in the interests of the customer that all stages of the construction of a private house are carried out according to the project, without time delays and errors. Therefore, the importance of hiring experienced builders cannot be overstated. A professional repair team will always explain how many stages of construction are planned for a specific object, in what sequence they are performed and determine the cost of construction and repair work.
A well-designed construction project contributes to its efficient execution from the outset, as well as ensuring proper oversight by both the construction manager and the investor or designer responsible for project compliance..
Why is it worth drawing up a project for the construction of a private house?
Before starting any work on the construction site, it is worth preparing a draft of the proposed work. Why is it so important? First of all, this will help to control whether the construction is proceeding correctly, whether the stages are being carried out within a predetermined time frame. This is very important because usually long construction work entails higher investment costs. Sometimes a seemingly small delay can lead to longer downtime when weather changes are announced or when work is in progress in late autumn, and there is a risk that the cold will come earlier and it will not be possible to work outdoors. As you know, investments such as building a country house are very expensive, often in the millions of rubles. Knowing what the different stages of work will be, we can more easily estimate the initial cost estimate. It also greatly simplifies investment control and allows you to receive funds to complete all stages of construction..
Even people who are far from construction understand that the comfort of living in a future house will depend on its location. When choosing a site for the construction of a structure, you need to take into account many features:
Location. The greatest demand for land located within the city limits or not far from it (within 10-15 km).
Infrastructure. It is desirable that there are shops, hospitals, educational institutions, cultural and entertainment facilities near the site..
Central communications. An important point is the availability of gas supply, sewerage, electricity, which will ensure a comfortable life. It also affects the costs of connecting / laying utility networks..
Dimensions. To erect a structure with an area of 100 square meters, you need to select a site of at least 10 acres.
Transport interchange. If you have your own car, then an important point will be the availability of access roads to the site. In the absence of a personal car, it is desirable that there are public transport stops nearby.
Ecological state. A good solution is areas near which there are no industrial facilities that create noise and pollution.
Also, attention should be paid to geodetic conditions, starting with the type of soil, the depth of groundwater, ending with the presence of a slope of the earth. This influences the choice of the type of foundation..
Building a house step by step
When looking for information on building a house step by step, you will usually find standard information about classic single family structures. The construction of a frame structure may differ from the construction of modular structures. Therefore, before planning an investment, you should find out with the construction company what stages of construction will be in the case of our planned investment..
The main stages of building a house:
“Zero” state. The initial stage of building a house is called zero. This stage begins with the preparation of the construction site. The construction site itself must be fenced off. The building should be marked out later. After confirming the markings, the construction team can start work. The stages of building the foundation of the house are as follows: a leveling and foundation layer of lean concrete is created in the trench, then formwork, reinforcement are built and concrete is poured. Finished foundations are protected from water.
Overlap creation. Foundations are used for the entire building structure – both load-bearing and partitions. At this stage, all communications are also created, the roof is being erected. During the preparation of the open shell, the construction team must also erect a chimney.
Installation of windows, doors. In the course of work at this stage, window and door frames are produced. If there is a garage in the building of the house, garage doors are also installed in it..
Finishing work. If the investor decides to go to this stage, the construction team will complete the work in such a way that the house is immediately habitable. It can be finished on a turnkey basis or under construction. What will be done at this stage depends on the specific terms of the contract between the investor and the contractor. At this stage, interior installations are created, interior walls are finished, the façade is insulated and finished, as well as floors are finished. At the end of this stage, the house and the entire construction site are cleaned..
Completion of construction and acceptance. Upon completion of construction, all legal formalities must be settled. The building must be handed over, after which a residence permit is issued.
How long does it take to complete construction work? It depends on several variables. Including from the technology of building the building, the number of people working on the construction site, as well as from weather conditions. It is estimated that, on average, the construction of a small building for one family takes from a few months to 6 months or more. Construction work is carried out much faster in the case of erection of a building using modular technology (about 2-3 months) or frame technology.
Building a house: terms, stages, features
The initial stage of the construction of any building is the arrangement of the base. The choice of the foundation is carried out based on the type of structure, structure, soil characteristics on the site.
There are several types of bases:
Brick. Designed for the construction of verandas, gazebos, greenhouses.
Pile-tape. Used to erect buildings on heaving soils.
Monolithic. They are distinguished by durability, reliability, high quality.
Tape. Inexpensive foundations that are suitable for the construction of cottages.
When erecting walls, the material is initially selected. Walls made of wood concrete are popular, since this material is fireproof, it retains heat perfectly. At the stage of roof construction, a frame is created from metal, wood or reinforced concrete, insulation is installed and roofing material (metal, slate or other) is mounted. Each component of the structure must be performed with high quality, because how it will withstand natural factors depends on the reliability of the roof (snow load, maintaining normal humidity, resistance to temperature extremes, waterproofing).
When carrying out interior work, floors are created (dry pine boards are often used). An exception is the bathroom and the bathroom, where materials with high resistance to moisture are used. Thanks to modern technologies, it is possible to arrange underfloor heating, which are great for families with small children. A good material for finishing the ceiling will be drywall, on which, after installation, you can glue the wallpaper or putty. In Russia, the installation of stretch ceilings with LED lighting or spot lighting is popular..
Almost all owners of built houses agree that the desire to save money entails even more costs. Many investors who start work without an accurate estimate (approximate calculations of the foreman are used) note that in the end it took 2 times more money to complete the work than was originally announced. If the task is to save on construction, then it is recommended to do this by reducing the cost of engineering support for the building..