Interior doors are one of the main elements of the room, performing both a functional and decorative role. This design allows to delimit the space in the apartment or house, providing noise insulation. Due to the large variety of models, it is possible to emphasize the beauty of any interior. This article will introduce the types of interior doors: the photos used in the article reflect the features of the original products.
Types of interior doors, depending on various characteristics
Today in the catalogs of well-known manufacturers of interior doors a wide range of models is presented. All of them differ in the way of opening, material of manufacture, design and color of the doors.
The designs of various types of interior doors differ markedly from each other. Behind the veneered or laminated outer panel there is a different inner filling, therefore the canvases differ in strength, weight, sound insulation and production material. There are five main types of interior doors, depending on the structure of the door leaf:
The modern approach to zoning and space planning has become a fundamental factor that led to the non-standard arrangement of doorways and an increase in their functionality. Important criteria for choosing a door option are ease of further operation and space saving. Based on these requirements, several types of fastening door systems have arisen that affect the way the structure is opened. Products can be swinging, sliding, swinging and folding.
Depending on the material of manufacture distinguish interior doors:
- from the natural wooden massif;
- glued wooden;
Modern interior design can be single-wing, double-and one-and-a-half.
Paneled interior door is represented by a wooden frame, into the cells of which panels are inserted in the form of separate elements. The canvas looks like a bar of chocolate, divided into segments of different sizes.
The skeletal part of the door is made of wooden beam and consists of longitudinal and transverse guides connected along the perimeter with the help of thorny fasteners. Elements of the frame can be of different thickness and width. Panels are inserted into the cells of the frame at the factory or at the installation site in one of the ways:
- fixing parts in the grooves made in the cross member or web frame;
- fixing the panels with bead.
Helpful advice! The second option is more preferable if you plan to periodically replace the panels in order to change and transform the design of the door.
As a material for the manufacture of panels can be used solid wood, panels of pressed wood, plastic, impact-resistant and laminated glass, plywood. Among the new products can be identified a three-layer sandwich panel. Paneled interior doors from solid pine or other wood have a luxurious and presentable appearance, but are notable for their great value. The most affordable is plywood. You can choose beautiful interior doors, combined elements of different materials.
Panels can be:
- smooth, the thickness of which is less than the similar size of the frame;
- filigree with thin edges and a convex central part;
- floating, the surface of which coincides with the frame.
Stylistically, paintings are made in two versions:
- have a continuous coating, where the panels are distinguished by their shape and color;
- they are distinguished by a combination of elements of different colors, shapes, sizes and materials.
Panel doors are characterized by the following advantages:
- wear resistance;
- resistance to bending;
- good sound insulation;
- the possibility of restoration or replacement of structural elements;
- stylish appearance.
Among the shortcomings can be identified heavy frame products and the high cost of construction, which is a consequence of the use of natural materials in the manufacture of doors.
The basis of the door leaf of this design is a frame frame of composing or solid wooden bars. The first option is more reliable and durable, because the composing beam is glued together from separate boards, which eliminates the likelihood of changing the frame geometry under the influence of humidity and temperature differences.
The voids that have formed are filled with cardboard, mineral wool, foam plastic, polystyrene foam or polyurethane foam, thanks to which the design is distinguished by its low weight. On both sides, the frame is sheathed with sheets of MDF, chipboard, fiberboard or plywood. This option is the most popular. This is due to the high technical and operational characteristics of the material.
In case of deaf panel doors, the cladding surface can be veneered, laminated or covered with PVC film, which gives the canvas aesthetics and decorative effect. Visually different options are presented on the photo of interior doors in the apartment. The most stylish and luxurious look panel doors, covered with veneer, imitating noble sorts of wood. However, such doors will have the greatest value. Using laminated or PVC film, you can create any pattern on the door surface.
Important! In order for the door leaf to preserve its pristine attractive appearance for a long time, it is important to properly organize its care with the use of special polishing agents.
For the loft style, the ideal solution is semi-antique interior doors. Also, corrugated or black glass can be used as a sheet or its component. It would be appropriate to look at sliding structures with open mechanisms. For industrial style, it is recommended to use a small disguised door or a large canvas of a non-standard size that violates the dimensions of a typical opening.
Currently, the construction market presents a wide range of interior doors, which leads the buyer to confusion. To make the right choice in favor of a particular model, it is necessary to study the types of products, their functional features and mounting options.