One of the most difficult stages of repair is the repair of the bathroom. At first glance, installing or replacing plumbing may seem like an impossible task. However, having studied in detail the technology of installation of a sanitary device, you can install it yourself. Toilet bowl: how to install the device depending on the type of construction is described in detail in this article.
Types of toilet bowls
Before you install a toilet, the price of which depends on the type of product, you should learn about the types of plumbing devices and features of their design, which affects the option of mounting the device. Based on the toilet design, the device includes a sanitary bowl and a drain tank. The bowl may be dish-shaped, visor or funnel-shaped.
By appointment, there are children’s, universal toilet bowls and devices for people with disabilities. The first option is represented by small-sized products, decorated in different colors. They are established in preschool institutions. Universal toilets can be used by people regardless of age and gender. The design of the latter option is additionally equipped with handrails, armrests and a wide bowl, which is adjustable in height.
Toilets can have a horizontal, vertical and oblique shape of the release. The first option involves connecting the device to the sewer outlet, located in the wall of the room. Toilets with vertical release are connected to a drain located in the floor. Devices with oblique release are considered universal. Thanks to certain fittings, the toilet can be connected to the sewer through the wall or through the floor.
Depending on the material of the case, devices from faience, porcelain, metal and natural stone are produced. Products made of porcelain are characterized by high strength, durability and ease of maintenance. The material is resistant to the absorption of odors. However, porcelain toilet bowls are expensive. Products from faience are also characterized by high quality performance, but have a more reasonable cost. The disadvantages include the tendency to absorb odors and the fear of chemicals.
For the manufacture of toilet bowls can be used marble, granite, travertine or onyx. Such products are elite plumbing. They are characterized by high quality, long service life and unique design. However, toilets made of natural stone have a high cost and great weight, which limits the number of options for installing the device.
Metal toilet bowls are made of reinforced steel with nickel or chrome plating. They have high strength and reasonable price. However, due to the specific appearance of the device fits a specific design.
Depending on the installation option, the bowl can be mounted, floor mounted, side mounted or floor mounted. A wall-mounted or wall-mounted toilet does not touch the floor, but is installed on a solid installation mounted in a wall that also has a drain cistern. In this case, all communication is hidden, which allows you to increase the free space of the room and get an aesthetic look of the bathroom. However, this option requires significant financial addition. What is associated with the installation of frame installation. Such secrecy complicates the process of further maintenance and repair.
Attachments are installed on the floor, and all pipes, valves and drain tank are hidden in the wall. Visually only the drain button will be visible. Despite the fact that part of the design is hidden, which creates an attractive appearance of the bathroom, from a practical point of view this is not the best solution. Maintenance and repair in this case is a very difficult and time consuming process.
Floor plumbing fixtures are installed in the deepening of the floor. This option is often used for arranging public toilets. The most popular and convenient solution is the installation of a floor-mounted toilet. The design is characterized by low cost, installation of the device is quick and easy, does not require special skills. The convenient location of the structure and communications facilitates easy maintenance and repair.
The toilet can be equipped with a different type of cistern, which can be placed on the bowl or installed separately. Compact models in which the tank is on a bowl or a special shelf are ideal for small bathrooms. In this case, the tank is attached to the toilet before mounting the device.
Monoblocks are a one-piece product consisting of a bowl and a cistern. This design has an attractive appearance and affordable cost.
Corner toilets are a variety of compact models. The design has a triangular shape, which allows you to install the device in the corner and at the same time save additional free space. The size of the toilet with a cistern is only 34x72x37 cm. This model will make the room interesting and unique.
In separate models, the tank can be located on the wall or under the ceiling. It connects to the bowl with a drain pipe. This is a rather bulky model, which is appropriate only for large rooms. In this case, the tank is mounted after installing the toilet. However, such models today are installed quite rarely.
Installing a toilet bowl depends on its performance. It can be placed on the toilet bowl or mounted on the wall above the device. Learn the features of each option will help video tutorial “How to install your own toilet and secure the tank.”
Installation of the device can be done independently, or use the services of specialists. How much it costs to install a toilet in an apartment will depend on the type of product and the type of fitting. On average, the cost of services is 2000 rubles.
If the issue is resolved to begin replacing the toilet with your own hands, you should prepare the necessary set of tools and materials:
- perforator or drill with drill bits for concrete and for ceramic tiles;
- adjustable wrench;
- hammer or chisel;
- rubber spatula;
- flexible hose for cold water supply;
- ball valve;
- corrugation or fan pipe;
- fastenings for a toilet bowl;
- cement-sand mortar.
Important! If the toilet is installed on the installation, the above list is complemented by the corresponding set, which is purchased in the plumbing store.
Before you install the toilet with your own hands, you should dismantle the old device. The supply of cold water to the tank is shut off, and all liquid is drained from it. Using a wrench, unscrew and remove the hose that connects the tank to the water supply. Next, you should dismantle the tank itself, which was bolted to the toilet bowl with bolts.
Now you need to dismantle the toilet itself. The sequence of actions will depend on the installation option of the device. If the toilet was bolted to the floor with bolts, it is enough to unscrew the fasteners and remove the plumbing fixture. If the bowl is mounted on a wooden pedestal, taffeta, then it is necessary to disconnect the screws from the board. And then remove the taffeta itself. As a result, a hollow is formed in the floor, which should be sealed with a cement-sand mortar.
Important! The cement mortar hardens in a month, but you can drill holes for a new attachment in a week.
If the release is sealed with cement mortar, it can be destroyed with a chisel or hammer. The process should be done carefully so as not to damage the cast iron issue itself. To prevent unpleasant odors from the sewage system from spreading over the room, the opening should be closed with a plug.
If the toilet is mounted using adhesive mastic, it is enough to use a construction knife to loosen the seal and strike it properly in front of the bowl. Next, you need to pull the release of the cuff.
The installation of the toilet bowl, the video clearly shows the sequence of actions, depending on the type of device and its design features. Outdoor devices are considered the most common type of equipment. They are mounted on the floor after all the cladding has been completed. The sequence of actions depends on the type of installation of the floor-mounted toilet.
Fastening the toilet to the floor can be an open or closed way. The first option involves the installation of the product with the help of special external fasteners, which come in a complete set of the device. The second method is more time consuming. Installation of the toilet bowl is carried out with the help of internal fastening, which allows to get a more aesthetic appearance of the device.
Hinged toilet bowls are installed at a certain height above the floor level with the help of special installation structures to which the system itself is mounted. Installation of the device is carried out before the start of finishing works.
The choice of installation option also depends on the method of connecting the toilet to the sewer pipe. Toilets with horizontal release are connected to the sewage system at a right angle. Devices with oblique release are connected at an angle of 45 degrees. A sewer socket for connecting a device with a vertical outlet is located in the floor.
Before proceeding with the installation of the toilet bowl, prepare the foundation. For a floor device, it should be flat.
To connect the toilet to the sewer system, you can use one of the following connecting elements:
- fan pipe;
- plastic pipe;
With the help of plastic nozzles, you can connect any configuration. At installation of connecting elements it is necessary to use rubber seals. In order to obtain a tight and reliable connection, it is additionally recommended to use a sealant.
Before proceeding with the installation of the toilet with your own hands, you should study in detail all the details of this issue. The progress of the work depends on the type of product and how it is installed. Following the instructions will allow the installation to be performed efficiently and reliably, resulting in a durable plumbing product and an aesthetic look of the bathroom. In the case of attracting specialists, you should find out how much it costs to install the toilet. The price of services may be different.