The manufacture of wooden blanks anyway involves the use of planers. The need to customize them to a single size, as well as to give them an attractive appearance, forces the craftsmen to use various devices for this. Consider the difference between the thicknessing machines for wood: prices, specifications and the most popular models of these devices.
The principle of the reysmusovogo machine for wood
The main task for which reysmusovye machines are used – smoothing the surface of the wood, as well as the calibration of products to one required size. Use this design only for straight planing. At the same time, household gauges consist of the following elements:
- the main cutting element of a design, it is a knife shaft;
- working surface;
The working surface of the table consists of two parts. One of them is serving, and the second – the host. Between them there is a knife shaft, which produces cutting. The element that enters the table supports the rollers, thus ensuring smooth and safe cutting.
Note! The item can be submitted both automatically and manually. How this will happen depends on the machine model.
As a rule, wooden parts arrive at the thicknessing machine already after they pass primary processing at the surface, but in most cases these two functions are combined in one device. It is on such devices that we will stop our attention today.
According to the type of planing, there are two types of machines: for longitudinal cutting and for transverse. Which one to choose depends on what sizes of elements to work with. If the details are small, then the first option is used, and if large, then the second.
There are machines that are equipped with several knife shafts at the same time. They, in turn, can be unilateral, bilateral, or quadrilateral. Such modifications allow the machine to process several parts at the same time.
The case of the woodworking machine is always made of cast iron and has four supporting legs. In order for the working surface to be able to move vertically, special lifting screws are installed in the side parts. In modern models, it is possible to adjust the height of the table using a flywheel, while in simpler or outdated devices only the engine can be moved. The table remains stationary.
In the process, the disc is located in the horizontal plane of the desktop and, if necessary, is held by special rollers. Its advancement is due to the automatic mechanism or side rollers, which rotate simultaneously with the shaft, thus promoting the blank. In order to provide better adhesion to polymeric materials, the surface of the roller is rubberized.
Among the most common and sought-after improvements of such machines is the possibility of extending the working surface, as well as the adjustment of its height. These parameters determine the possibility of processing boards of various sizes.
Briefly we will consider, how exactly there is a process of work behind the machine. Initially, the planer was designed to plane straight parts from two sides. It happens as follows: the part is placed on the table at an angle of 90 ° relative to the knife shaft. If the material is fed manually, the part is taken on by hands from both sides, and gradually served in the direction of the knives.
Helpful advice! In order for the result of the work to be of higher quality, it is necessary to use a part to move the part with only one hand. If you move them at the same time, the workpiece will shift, causing the item to become unusable.
The planing process on the thicknessing machine involves processing the other sides of the parts. Here, the supply almost always takes place automatically, since only masters with many years of experience can accurately and correctly submit the part manually. The beginner will have to spoil a lot of material in order to achieve the desired result.
The mechanism of action of a stationary electric jointer is quite simple: two rollers, they are guides, feed the part forward, toward the knife shaft. On the reverse side, the elements are received in the already processed form, and the chips are simply showered on the floor, or assembled in a specially designated place.
It is important to know that if it is necessary to work with long parts, such as door leaves, the output part of the table should be long enough to be able to accept them.
Different models of thicknessing planing machines have different technical characteristics and, depending on them, are divided into classes. Therefore, before you buy a thicknessing machine for wood, familiarize yourself with the properties of products and the associated use features.
Machines can be divided into groups, focusing on the following indicators:
- product width, which processing is possible on this machine. It can be determined by the length of the machine itself. Obviously, it will be impossible to process a part that will not fit on the desktop;
- thickness of the product that can be processed. As a rule, household machines that are used in domestic conditions, can not fully handle parts whose thickness exceeds 10 mm. For industrial devices, this figure reaches 160 mm;
Note! Many devices allow you to adjust the cutting depth, thanks to a special control unit. With such models it is much easier and more convenient to work.
- The machines also differ in the power of the electric motor installed in them. Depending on what the device is used for, its power can be in the range from 1 to 44 kW. Although industry uses more powerful devices. For home use, select models with low power, primarily to reduce energy costs;
- The division into types occurs and according to such an indicator as chip removal. This process can be carried out both manually and be fully automated. Here it is important that in the process of work all the chips are removed, otherwise the quality of cutting wood may suffer noticeably;
- Machine models can vary significantly in their degree of automation. So, some devices have additional pedals and even control panels.
All these characteristics can occur in both unilateral and bilateral models. Therefore, you can easily find an option that will suit you both in terms of characteristics and cost.
Suppose you have already evaluated your needs and are ready to purchase your favorite machine model. What can get in the way? There are several questions that need to be addressed before making a purchase: determine the installation site and find out whether the floor can withstand such a weight load.
Besides the fact that the machine must be located indoors and protected from rain, snow and sun, it needs power. Also, the device must be installed so that you have the opportunity to approach it from any direction. The only way to use it will be convenient. Implementing it is not always easy, especially in small spaces.
As for the weight of the device, it is necessary to assess whether the surface on which you are going to install will withstand such a load. If the weight of the machine is too large, experts recommend putting a special plate under the base, which will help to evenly distribute the weight and will not allow the coating to deform.
Also pay attention to the cost of the device. Fairly durable models with an average productivity are unlikely to cost less than 20 thousand rubles. Of course, you can find cheaper models, but they are more suitable for single uses, and not for permanent work.
Helpful advice! Be sure to consider the reputation of the manufacturer, whose products you purchase. Read on the forums reviews about the quality of their machines, as well as possible features of operation.
Household reysmusovye machines come in a wide variety of sizes and characteristics. Parameters such as engine power, dimensions and weight can differ significantly from each other, which makes it possible to choose the model that is most suitable for specific purposes.
Consider several popular manufacturers, whose products can be easily found in the domestic market, and pay attention to their proposals: models of machines, characteristics and cost.
Thickness Planer Makita 2012 NB is one of the most popular options due to its compactness, ease of use, and relatively low weight. The dimensions of the machine are 483x771x401 mm, and the weight is 28.1 kg. The device has an indicator lamp indicating readiness for operation, and is also equipped with special handles for convenient transportation. The average price of the machine is 35-40 thousand rubles.
The advantages of this model include the ability to automatically feed the workpiece, a powerful engine at 1650 W, a low noise level during operation (up to 83 dB) and the availability of a convenient system with which you can adjust the depth of the knives. Among the shortcomings, it is possible to note the insufficiently thought-out protection of internal mechanisms against ingress of dust and chips, which leads to the need to regularly clean the device in order to avoid malfunctions.
According to the owners of this machine, it is quite convenient, thanks to a combination of small size and high performance. In addition, it can easily be found on sale in almost any specialized store.
Helpful advice! If during the operation you need to buy knives for surface gauge or other components – it is better to contact the same supplier where the machine was purchased.
Among the models of production of the domestic company Kraton, you can find inexpensive versions of machines that are perfect for infrequent home use. The Kraton WMP-02 machine has dimensions 705x410x435 mm (table size 600×230 mm) and weight 12.8 kg. This model is equipped with a nozzle that allows you to connect a vacuum cleaner. The cost of the machine – 18-24 thousand rubles.
The advantages include a rigid assembly structure of the device, the presence of a special casing to ensure the protection of the blade shaft, as well as the possibility of controlling the parallel abutment at a vertical angle. Among the shortcomings should be noted a small power – 1300 watts.
User reviews claim that the main advantage of this machine is its lightness. Compared to other models, it has a small weight, although it is worth noting that it has a little less power. In any case, it will be useful to watch video reviews that are offered on specialized sites in order to form your own opinion about this device.
Helpful advice! If you are planning to equip your own full-fledged workshop, then it is best to get a machine for sharpening knives for jointing. So you save yourself from having to seek help.
As an alternative, you can consider acquiring a Corvette 21 surface gage with a sliding work surface. It has a high engine power of 1500 W and at the same time a minimum level of noise during operation. The machine has a rather large weight of 40 kg with dimensions of 610x370x470 mm. The price of the unit is in the range of 21-25 thousand rubles.
According to users, the ability of the machine to work quietly quite compensates for its great weight. And the sliding work surface allows the device to occupy less free space at a time when it is not in use.
The surface planer Jet JPT 10B is another modern model designed to facilitate the planing process. Its main distinguishing feature is the presence of a special stand or so-called legs, which hold the device at the required height. The device provides the ability to control the angle of inclination of the parallel abutment and the depth of planing.
Dimensions of the model – 980x470x1120 mm, weight 34 kg, among the shortcomings, users note a high level of noise during operation. The cost of the machine ranges from 34 to 36 thousand rubles.
If you want to buy a jointing machine for wood or a surface gage that would perform all functions on a par with powerful and bulky devices, then Jet JPT 10B is ideal.
Helpful advice! Take care in advance where you place the machine with high noise levels. Obviously, the farther away from the living space it is installed, the better. It also does not hurt to equip additional noise insulation of the walls of the workshop.
According to the manufacturer, surface gauge Interskol is the perfect combination of simplicity and quality. Sophisticated design allows you to fully use this machine in the woodworking industry.
The Interskol PC 330/1500 machine with a weight of 33 kg is equipped with a 1500 W motor with double winding. The device is equipped with overload protection, it is possible to connect a chip control device. The price of the machine is in the range of 27-31 thousand rubles.
The surface gage Interskol occupies a special place in its segment and is found in operation quite often. Reviews of this machine model indicate a carefully thought-out and convenient design, as well as the optimal combination of price and quality.
Despite the growing popularity of foreign goods, some domestic factory machines continue to maintain their popularity. Consider the main characteristics of the four most popular models of planers:
|Model surface gage||power, kWt||Planing width / depth, mm||Drum rotation frequency, rpm||Cutting depth, mm||Weight, kg||Dimensions, mm||price, rub.|
|Mogilyov IE 6009A 4.2||2.4||280/3||2300||50||70||870x465x320||16,000|
Another important point that can come in handy as in the work with the machine – its adjustment. It will be required before the start of work, as well as periodically throughout the life of the device.
If you do not take the necessary measures to adjust the device, over time, the quality of its work will deteriorate markedly. In order to prevent such a situation, it is necessary to follow simple recommendations and rules that will help keep the mechanism in proper condition:
- the smoothness of the treated surface directly depends on how smoothly placed the desktop, so make sure that there are no distortions;
- the appearance of transverse dents on the surface indicates that the roller requires adjustment. Most likely, the reason for the appearance of defects is its excessively low location;
- If you are not satisfied with the smoothness of the surface, try lowering the lower rollers a little lower. As a rule, their improper location causes vibration, and, as a result, irregularities;
- pay attention to adjusting the rear pads. It should not exert pressure on the part, otherwise, by reducing the feed rate, a groove on the surface cannot be avoided.
- getting chips on the rear roller often leads to defects on the parts, as well as their getting stuck in the mechanism. To avoid this, take care to properly install the visor.
Even with very careful handling, the machine is not immune to the emergence of standard problems for this type of device. In case of their occurrence, repair should be started immediately, as this may cause a dangerous situation during operation. Most of these failures can be easily fixed by yourself. Consider a few of the most frequent cases:
- the surface of the desktop twisted. If this happens, then as a result you will get non-parallel upper and lower surfaces of the part. To avoid this, it is enough to tighten one of the adjusting bolts;
- excessive pressure of the grooved roller on the workpiece. You will easily notice this problem by the appearance of transverse grooves on the surface of the workpiece. Another problem is that the rollers are too high. In this case, during processing, the workpiece will vibrate or bend, and the surface will end up not sufficiently even and smooth. The solution will be roller adjustment;
- An unregulated rear shoe can also be a problem. While the workpiece will pass through the feed rollers, the part will stop, although the cutters do not stop their work and continue to move. As a result – the emergence of a deep excavation along the entire length of the workpiece;
- and the most common problem is getting chips into the rear roller. This is fraught with the appearance of characteristic grooves on the part that has been processed. The cause of this problem may be the incorrect location of the protective visor or malfunction of the exhauster.
As the long-term practice of using such constructions in living conditions shows, it is not enough to buy a jointing-reysmusovy machine. Like any other mechanism, it requires proper care and attention. However, by rendering this minimum to him, you can count on his intact and efficient work over the years.