Beautifully decorated ceiling, of course, is able to attract any view. The general perception of the room as a whole depends on its appearance. Ceiling tile is one of the most popular materials for interior decoration, which can transform any room, making it unique and interesting. On the types of material, the rules of his choice and how to properly glue the ceiling tile, described in detail in this article.
Styrofoam ceiling tiles
Today, manufacturers produce several options for ceiling tiles. According to manufacturing technology are distinguished:
The surface of the tile for the ceiling can be laminated, seamless or mirror. Laminated products are covered with a special film, which gives the tile increased moisture resistance. It comes in a wide range of colors and does not lose its saturated color for a long time. On the front side of the mirror tile a special layer is applied, thanks to which you can achieve a visual expansion of the space.
Seamless tiles on the ceiling have smooth edges, thanks to which the butt spots are imperceptible. On the back of the product marked in the form of triangular arrows. They should be directed in one direction. This must be considered before glueing the ceiling tile.
Extruded tile is obtained from colored or coated with a film of polystyrene strip, created by pressing. The result is a smooth or embossed product without grain, 2.5-3 mm thick. This is the most reliable, durable and expensive tile. Thanks to the water and dust repellent coating, the product is well-washed and easily restored with the slightest deformations. Having dense structure, the tile easily gives in to cutting which creates equal edges.
Very often, tiles are produced with a surface painted under a tree, stone or marble. It may contain different patterns and be of different colors. The material is ideal for bathrooms.
Important! Extruded tile type is not subject to painting.
A distinctive feature of extruded tiles is its appearance. Its edges are slightly bent on the back side down, which allows it to be used for an uneven ceiling, where it will be possible to hide its flaws. However, with prolonged exposure to sunlight, the tile becomes yellow. The price of ceiling tiles is an average of 220-270 rubles. per pack.
The injection tile, turns out as a result of sintering of raw materials of polystyrene foam composition. After such treatment at high temperature, a product is obtained with a clearly defined pattern and a regular geometric shape, the thickness of which is 9-14 mm. Using this material, you can perform the ceiling without seams. Ceiling tile of this type is an environmentally friendly, durable, non-flammable material, which has good sound and thermal insulation characteristics, is not afraid of moisture.
It is available in white only. The finished surface can be painted. The price of packaging is on average 80-150 rubles.
When there is a main question, how much does a ceiling tile cost, the most budgetary option is a pressed product 6-8 mm thick, the price of which does not exceed 60 rubles. per pack. The tile is made of polystyrene foam blocks by stamping. The material has a loose, porous surface that quickly absorbs dirt that is difficult to remove. It is not recommended to wash such tiles. It is better to immediately paint it with water-based paint. Due to the fact that the product is too fragile and fragile and during cutting it is difficult to achieve a smooth edge, it is recommended to purchase tiles with some margin.
Polystyrene plates for the ceiling are suitable for almost all surfaces, including plaster, wood, brick, concrete and even plaster. With this material you can create a beautiful and aesthetic ceiling cladding, which is able to hide all the flaws of the surface. Depending on the type of product chosen and the option of gluing tiles on the ceiling, you can visually increase the size of the room, reduce the curvature of the walls.
The material has high thermal and sound insulation properties, which is especially important for apartments in high-rise buildings. Gluing ceiling tiles is not a time consuming process and does not require special skills. In case of deformation of one or several products, they can easily be replaced with new ones without repairing the entire ceiling.
It is easy to look after a tile of a ceiling without use of special means. The surface is cleaned with a dry cloth or vacuum cleaner. For laminated coatings, wet cleaning can be performed using conventional detergents, which will not deform the products.
Among the disadvantages of ceiling tiles, it is possible to highlight the fact that the material burns out over time under the influence of direct sunlight. Certain types of products may lose their shape when exposed to moisture. Also, when using this facing material, lighting devices should not be placed close to it, which can lead to deformation of the product.
In order to find out the required number of tiles, calculate the area of the ceiling. If the room resembles the shape of a rectangle, then it is sufficient to multiply its width and length, the values of which are previously measured with a tape measure. If the room has a complex non-standard form, then it is necessary to take measurements of the length of all sides and draw them on the plan. Next, the drawing should be divided into even rectangles or squares. By determining the area of each section, and adding the values obtained, it will be possible to calculate the total area of the ceiling.
Further, it is necessary to calculate the area of one product, which is produced mainly of the standard size 50X50 cm. Thus, the area of one product will be equal to 0.25 m ?. Now the resulting ceiling area must be divided into the area of one tile and get their total number. However, today manufacturers began to produce other sizes of ceiling tiles such as, 40X40, 60X60, 40X70, 30X70 and 30X60 cm.
However, it should be remembered that when sticking products there may be errors that will lead to deformation, damage or breakage of the tile. Here you should also take into account the dimensions of the gaps that form on the ceiling after gluing whole tiles. If you need to fill half of the tiles for their filling, then the whole product will fill two gaps. And if the size of the space takes more than half, then the whole tile is consumed. Therefore, the material should be purchased with a certain margin of about 10% of the total.
There are many options for placing ceiling tiles. Photos of beautifully decorated ceilings using this material clearly demonstrate this. Here you can create different geometric shapes, combine products using tiles of different colors. However, each option requires accurate markup.
Installation of tiles is carried out mainly from the middle of the ceiling. To define it, it is necessary to draw two diagonal lines. Further, for easy installation of tiles, perpendicular straight lines that run through the center should be drawn to each side. Such marking is mandatory and universal regardless of the method of laying tiles.
Helpful advice! Laying ceiling tiles in a small room is better to carry out from the corner, which will allow you to create a solid surface without increasing material consumption.
The main options for laying the product on the ceiling:
- chess order;
Classical laying of tiles is carried out in rows parallel to the walls, starting from the center. This is an ideal option for seamless ceiling tiles, with the help of which an integral facing surface is created. Also, products can be pasted in rows with a shift to half the tile. This will give lightness and airiness of the room.
The second option involves sticking products along diagonal lines, which will be used to monitor the proper laying of the tile. The result is a smooth and beautiful ceiling covering.
For stacking tiles in a checkerboard pattern, products of two colors are used, with the help of which the necessary effect of a chessboard is created by the method of alternation. Lay tile start from the center of the ceiling, with the edges of the products parallel to the walls. This option allows you to hide the disadvantages of the ceiling surface.
For the latter option will need a tile of two contrasting shades. Laying products begins from the center, where it creates a graphical display of a snake, twisted in a spiral.
Ceiling tiles from foam plastic: their types and installation features
Types of ceiling tiles made of polystyrene foam, their advantages and disadvantages, installation features and useful tips for pasting.
Before you glue the tile to the ceiling, you must prepare the surface for finishing. It must be completely cleaned from the old finish. In the presence of cavities, dents, cracks, significant irregularities, defects should be eliminated with a putty. After complete drying of the material, it is necessary to prime the surface in order to improve the adhesion of the ceiling and future tiles.
Helpful advice! Before sticking the ceiling tile, leave it for two or three days in a warm and dry place so that excess moisture evaporates from it. Otherwise, products may shrink on the ceiling, causing gaps to form.
To perform the work you will need a stationery knife, ruler, pencil, stepladder and glue. After the preparatory work, the ceiling is marked with the definition of its center point. Indoors, all windows and doors should be closed to prevent the possibility of a draft. Next is the direct installation of products.
Important! Before installing the tiles at the location of the chandelier, you must de-energize the room.
Before you glue the tile to the ceiling, you should apply a special glue. Depending on the material chosen, it can be distributed around the perimeter of the product and in the center, or in a thin layer over its entire surface. Particular attention should be paid to the middle and the corners of the product. The first tile is attached to the middle of the ceiling and tightly pressed to it. If there is a chandelier here, then in the product you must first make a hole for the wires. All subsequent tiles are laid according to the chosen option.
All ceiling tiles should be in close contact with each other, leaving no visible gaps. In the case of an uneven ceiling between the products, the formation of cracks is inevitable. In this case, they can be sealed with a white acrylic sealant. It is squeezed into the formed gaps, filling them, and thereby strengthening the tile on the ceiling. Excess adhesive must be removed immediately.
Helpful advice! If the tile is very soft, press it with the help of a wooden bar so as not to damage the surface of the product with your fingers.
When it is necessary to cut the tile at the edge of the ceiling, you should first try on. The product should be cut in such a way as to create a minimal gap between the wall and the tile, which will subsequently be hidden behind the plinth.
After complete drying of the lining, it can be painted with latex or acrylic water-based paint. For a uniform application of a layer, a roller with a foam surface should be used. It is necessary to apply at least two layers. Before painting the surface is recommended to be primed.
When laying the ceiling tiles from the foam on a diagonal, you can get an unusual facing covering, which not only adds originality to the interior, but also skillfully allows you to hide a small curvature of the walls.
Before sticking tiles to the ceiling, a universal surface marking is performed. The first tile is glued in the center so that its corners are located at 45 degrees. relative to the walls of the room and crossed the diagonal ceiling. Further, the next tile is closely glued to each of the four sides. Then, all subsequent products are neatly joined to the complete filling of the ceiling.
Extreme rows are stacked at the very last turn, when the main central part of the surface is glued.
Before you glue the ceiling tile with a diamond, you should be familiar with the features of this finishing technology. The first step is to determine the center of the ceiling and mark it. The first tile should be glued so that one of its angle touches the center, and the two adjacent sides coincide with the diagonal lines. The second tile is located symmetrically on the other side of the center. The third and fourth fit into the space between the first two, thereby forming an even rhombus. From it is laying the rest of the tiles, moving to the edges of the ceiling. Here you should carefully dock the product to prevent visible seams.
This method is ideal for the expanded polystyrene ceiling plate with a pronounced pattern, which gives free rein to the realization of designer fantasy. However, it should be borne in mind that to create a perfect pattern on the ceiling material consumption increases significantly.
When an important question arises, how to glue a ceiling tile, it is worth considering all the available compositions, having assessed their distinctive features. Here it is necessary to take into account heat resistance, tackiness, setting and drying time.
Water-based adhesive is a durable, reliable and environmentally friendly material. It contains natural ingredients such as bone glue and cellulose. However, it is this that promotes the proliferation of bacteria under the product. Therefore, the surface of the ceiling before laying tiles using this composition must be treated with a special antibacterial agent. The disadvantage of glue is that it dries for a long time and has low adhesion compared to synthetic compounds.
Solvent-based ceiling tile adhesive is made from fast-evaporating liquids where various polymers dissolve. It dries quickly, which makes it difficult to install products.
The composition of hot melt glue includes only thermoplastic polymers, which makes it the best material based on polyurethane. It has high adhesion. However, before using it, it is necessary to heat it to a certain temperature, which creates difficulties for a beginner, who performs tile laying for the first time.
Glue “liquid nails”, the instruction of which assumes its use for ceiling tiles made of expanded polystyrene, is the best option for uneven coatings. The composition creates a strong and reliable connection. The disadvantage of the composition is its high price and the need to purchase a special tool.
When the question arises as to how to glue tiles in order to ensure maximum service life of the facing surface, preference should be given to glue-compound. It is made on the basis of epoxy or polyester resins. It is very convenient to use and creates maximum adhesion. However, it is worth considering that the glue quickly sets, so it is recommended to cook it in small portions. The main disadvantage of this composition is the high cost.
So that the ceiling always had an attractive appearance, it is enough not only to decorate it beautifully, but also to maintain the coating in proper condition. Ceiling tiles do not require special care. It is enough just to clean it regularly from the accumulated dust. This will extend the life of the material and preserve the original appearance of the ceiling for a long period.
In order for the tile to always look well-groomed, it is necessary to perform its dry cleaning once a month with a fleecy brush or vacuum cleaner. Wet cleaning for laminated surfaces should be done at least once every two months. Here you can use ordinary detergents that do not contain corrosive ingredients that can spoil the surface of the products.
Helpful advice! Minor dirt is easily removed from the tile using a regular eraser or alcohol.
If the ceiling showed signs of sudden flooding by neighbors, they should be immediately eliminated. Otherwise, after the tile dries, rust stains remain on the surface that cannot be removed.
Tile with a pronounced textured pattern should be cleaned with a soft sponge moistened with detergent solution. After wet cleaning, it is necessary to wipe the tiles dry using paper napkins, as the remaining wet stains will spoil the appearance of the ceiling.
Sticking tiles to the ceiling is a fairly easy task that even a novice can easily cope with. The main task is to thoroughly clean the surface, proper marking of the ceiling, the choice of quality glue and finishing material. Further, having studied the question of how to properly glue tiles on the ceiling, you can create a unique surface that will harmoniously fit into the overall design of the room.