Eggs are one of the foundations of a healthy diet, as well as a potential source of income. That is why breeding laying hens is so profitable: you get fresh eggs, dietary meat on your table and for sale, and chicken litter is good to use for fertilizing the plot. In order for the chickens to feel great and in good condition, they should create comfortable conditions for their life by building a chicken coop with their own hands on 10 chickens: drawings and instructions will help you to cope with this task.
Calculating the size of a chicken coop for 10 chickens
To properly determine the scale of construction, first select for yourself:
- Your goal of laying hens is one thing if you need fresh eggs for daily feeding, and quite another if you decide to turn bird breeding into a source of income.
- The number of birds that you can keep on the farm.
- The size of the house, relevant to your site.
Helpful advice! The inhabitants of the chicken coop on 10 chickens will provide 3 eggs with fresh eggs. For a large family it is worth keeping twice as many birds. And if you plan to turn the content of chickens into a source of income, immediately expect to build a chicken coop with your own hands on 50-100 birds.
Let the big scale do not scare you. With no experience in construction, you can cheaply buy a chicken coop or try your hand at small buildings. If during the construction of a mini chicken coop for 10 hens with your own hands you will foresee a place for the expansion of the farm, with time, if necessary, you can easily increase the area of the room by completing the hen house.
Do-it-yourself chicken coop on 10 chickens: drawings for calculating sizes
Any construction begins with the creation of a drawing. Do not neglect this stage – regardless of the scale of the undertaking, your drawing should be as detailed and precise as possible. So you will have a clear picture of what you want to come as a result and developed a plan of action.
When creating a drawing, it is not necessary to copy the finished schemas exactly. This is the beauty of the decision to build a chicken coop with your own hands: you can design a dwelling for the birds at your discretion, in accordance with the features of your site and your own ideas about convenience.
However, with a little experience in building chicken coops for chickens, it’s worthwhile to turn to ready-made drawings and calculations in order to get oriented and not to miss important details. Particular attention should be paid to calculating the size of the coop with their own hands on 10 chickens, because if the birds live in cramped quarters, there can be no question of any comfort.
For example, 3 layers need 1 m? space. This means that for 10 chickens and a rooster a sufficient size of the dwelling will be a chicken coop with parameters of 2×2 m. Accordingly, if there are 20 birds in your household, the chicken coop should be 3×3 m. And so on – the size of the chicken coop is directly proportional to the number of birds.
If you are building a poultry house designed for year-round birds, please note that in winter, chickens heap and require less living space. Is 1 m enough for this time? square on 4 hens. Thus, for 10 birds in the winter time you will need 2.5 m ?.
On the drawings of the chicken coop do not forget to take into account the open-air cage for walking. Its proportions are directly related to the size of the house itself: with a chicken coop width of 2 m, the minimum parameters of the enclosure are 2×6 m.
The choice of materials for the construction of the chicken coop
The reliability and durability of the house depends largely on the quality and accuracy of the materials and tools selected for construction. The most basic among them are:
- mineral wool or other material for insulation;
- boards, beams;
- slate or other material that can be used for the roof;
- door hinges, lock;
- electrical cable;
- light bulb.
Having decided on the size of the future poultry house and the materials and tools necessary for the construction, you can proceed to choosing a place for construction. Regardless of whether you decide to buy a ready-made chicken coop or build a mini chicken coop with your own hands, it is important to choose a suitable location. After all, in this place the birds have to spend all the time: sleep, rush and walk, so it is important that it does not become a source of discomfort for chickens.
Observe the following rules:
- the place should be dry – excessive humidity can adversely affect the health of birds;
- choose a surface with a slight slope, so that in case of heavy precipitation, the water quickly leaves without spoiling the soil near the chicken coop;
- make sure that the chosen place is well lit;
- ideally, the aviary where the chickens will walk should be on the south side so that the sun rays can warm it at any time of the year.
The main advice on how to make a chicken coop correctly prohibits placing it on the ground. The building requires a good foundation – the foundation.
There are two optimal types of foundation:
Mini-coop drawings with their own hands usually provide a columnar foundation, as it is best suited for light construction. In addition, it has several other important advantages:
- the construction of this type of foundation does not require a long wait for the concrete to set;
- the column base is convenient in filling;
- with a columnar foundation, underground ventilation is formed, which protects the chicken coop from mice, as well as saving, prolonging the life of the wooden flooring.
To build such a foundation is not difficult:
- Along the perimeter of the future chicken coop, drill holes to a depth of 1 m. The diameter of each should be approximately 15-20 cm. The distance between the column should be 1 m.
- Next you need a round formwork. It can be constructed from any available materials – asbestos-cement pipes are ideal.
- Insert the pipes into the pit.
- Before pouring the concrete, insert threaded reinforcement into the hole.
- As a result, the support bar is attached to the concrete posts with a nut.
Helpful advice! If this process seems too complicated, you can watch numerous themed videos on how to build a chicken coop or choose a simpler installation option for a chicken coop. For example, you can take 4 blocks of concrete or any other suitable material. The space between the supports is laid with stone or brick, ensuring the design stability and integrity. Please note that the height of the pillars above the ground should be at least 20 cm, then the place under the house can be used for walking chickens.
According to the drawings, photos of chicken coops with their own hands it is clear that a frame structure is being built on the base of the column foundation. Its feature lies in the simplicity and high speed of construction, which makes the construction of a chicken coop is not much more complicated than buying a chicken coop for 10 hens in the finished version.
Stages of construction of the frame structure:
- Take the bars with the parameters of 70×70 mm.
- For the construction of the frame, nail the vertical posts to the support bar.
- Add horizontal rails to the base of the roof and floor.
In this case, you should also carefully calculate the parameters. For example, for a hen house for 20 chickens, the parameters of the low and high walls under the condition of a shed roof are calculated on the basis of the dimensions. In the photo of chicken coops with their own hands for 10 chickens it can be seen that they may be low, but, in any case, the distance between the floor and the ground should be at least 35-45 cm.
Take care of the availability of the window, as well as two doors: for the owner and directly for the birds. Please note that the nests do not have to be in the house itself, as in most of the photos of the hen houses inside. A convenient option is the extension of the nests to the house: in this case, special doors can be made in the nests, as well as a rising lid for easy cleaning of the nest and collecting eggs. If you decide to build nests according to this model, you should also consider their extension at this stage.
Winter chicken coops for 10 chickens with their own hands: weatherization
In addition, at the stage of building walls, you should consider providing a comfortable temperature for the birds. First of all, it matters if you are going to keep chickens in the house all year round or it is a seasonal structure.
If the chicken coop is supposed to be operated in the cold season, after you have covered the walls outside with boards, you need to take care of the thermal insulation of the building. This is an important point, since in violation of the microclimate, chickens begin to experience discomfort, become ill and, as a result, become inactive and run less.
If you are going to build a chicken coop with your own hands, photos, charts will become irreplaceable assistants in this matter. On well-written drawings, it is clear that the winter house provides for thermal insulation. As a material for these purposes, one of the following options is suitable:
- mineral wool;
After the installation of insulation will be carried out, from the inside it is necessary to sew the entire structure with boards.
Helpful advice! It is not necessary to use boards for wall cladding. Plastic, hardboard, chipboard, etc. can easily act as a suitable material.
But, of course, laying insulation is not enough to provide the bird with comfortable conditions in winter frosts. Therefore, if you intend to keep chickens in the house all year round, it makes sense to buy a winter chicken coop for 10 chickens in the finished version or study in more detail information on how to build a special chicken house for the winter with your own hands.
To make chickens feel comfortable in any weather, a double floor will not be out of place – it will provide additional warming of the room. The scheme of such a floor is simple: hem the boards at the bottom of the cradled slab, and then lay the insulation and lay the floor.
However, it is possible to do without special floor insulation. Sawdust or straw may be used as insulation. A thick layer of these materials is an excellent heat insulator, which does not require high costs and effort on your part.
The best material for a warm chicken coop will serve as a bar or log. Especially well they are suitable for the construction of poultry-pavilions.
The simplest roof option is a single-pitch roof. For its construction, it is necessary to fill the boards or boards, maintaining a distance of 50 cm between them. To ensure waterproofing, it is enough to lay roofing material on this basis.
If you want to provide additional warming to the house, you can also hem chipboard or boards from inside the roof. A variety of options will be suitable as a material for the outer coating of the roof: slate, corrugated board, reed, etc.