This article describes all the details of the process in which high beds are created in the country with their own hands: photos and detailed descriptions of the technology, types of structures, their purpose and features, advantages and disadvantages. The specificity of vertical products intended for the cultivation of strawberries, cucumbers and other crops, recommendations for their production.
High beds in the country with their own hands: photo and design features
The construction of high beds opens up new opportunities for growing crops in the garden. Such an approach to the organization of planting allows you to create an interesting design on the site, effectively grow berries, fruits and vegetables. There is an opportunity to get a wonderful harvest from the site, the soil of which is not very fertile.
Warming up high structures is much faster than conventional beds. The process of caring for plants is simplified, because a person does not need to bend too low.
Note! Organic matter is used as a filler for high beds. Due to the fact that the roots of plants are located in a nutrient medium, crops grow faster and give a rich harvest.
The construction of such structures is accompanied by minimal costs, so gardeners prefer to make high beds for strawberries and vegetable crops.
The advantages of raised structures:
- the availability of the crop does not depend on the quality and composition of the soil on the site. Due to this, gardeners and gardeners can grow plants in areas with a rocky surface or heavy clay soil;
- beds simplify the process of cultivating the land, do not require intensive care. It will only take to dig up the ground twice. The first time in the spring, when planting occurs, the second time the procedure is done in the autumn after harvesting;
- processing does not require deeply digging up the soil, it is enough to stir the soil with the help of garden forks;
- the manufacture of high beds as simple as the procedure for their dismantling. The placement of structures can be easily changed if you want to create a new design on the site;
- the space inside the product is limited, so removing the weeds is not hard;
- accelerated ripening of vegetables in high beds is facilitated by a good drainage system, which is organized inside the structure;
- the soil on high beds is protected from freezing, which often happens in the spring, when the frosts return. During the early autumn frosts, it suffices to cover the planting with a tarpaulin or polyethylene so that they do not die;
- the construction of high beds for strawberries allows you to save the berries from being washed by heavy rains, which often destroy the harvest.
Deficiencies in the designs a bit. They consist in the need for enhanced mineral fertilization and frequent watering. You will also need to follow the Medvedka. This pest loves to settle in high beds.
The following types of beds are the most in demand among owners of summer cottages:
- triangular shaped vegetable gardens;
- multi-tiered structures;
- trapezoid-shaped bulk beds;
- decorative gardens.
Note! For arrangement of high beds does not require large expenditures. Many summer residents use for their purposes materials at hand. In most cases, it is enough to create high beds to buy boards and bricks, as well as a mixture that improves the quality of the soil and drainage.
For the construction of a high loose garden of triangular shape, only a shovel is needed. The dimensional parameters of the beds are selected taking into account which plants will be grown. The size of the root system of cultures is taken into account. The maximum allowable height of a loose vegetable garden is 0.3 m, width is about 0.7 m. In the process of filling the bed with soil, it is not necessary to compact the ground.
A similar pattern is used to create a trapezoidal bed. The upper part of the bulk garden at the same time should not exceed 0.3 m in width. To cover the upper slopes, you can use the board. It is also allowed the use of mulch, which will positively affect the condition of the soil.
For the manufacture of multi-tiered beds for strawberries with their own hands suitable shaped tube or fittings. Metal construction elements are fastened by welding or by bolting. Containers or boxes filled with soil are put on the finished frame base.
Fences on high beds are needed so that the soil with the plants is inside the structure. Most often used for the construction of bars or boards. Also popular are the technology for making high beds from slate with your own hands.
Wood is considered a traditional material that allows you to create practical and reliable construction of high beds. Slate is also popular, but less environmentally friendly. In addition, it has one major drawback – its fragile structure. During the construction of the garden, you can damage this material if you ignore the rules of handling it.
The most durable and durable beds are made of brick or stone. Large elements are connected using a concrete solution. Often, the concrete itself is also used, during work with which one should carefully consider the shape, dimensional parameters and the placement of the vegetable garden, since the bed in this case will be stationary and will not be able to move it over time. In the manufacture of structures made of concrete, stone or brick, it is important not to overdo it with the thickness and width of the frame. In massive products the earth will not be able to warm up quickly.
Summer residents also use other budget materials:
- empty bottles;
- old plastic drawers;
- ready-made structures in the form of plastic fencing.
Note! Construction of high beds of plastic panels is the most budgetary way to get a garden. In the assortment of individual stores, you can even find plastic slate.
The basis of the beds of Igor Lyadov is the technology invented at the end of the twentieth century by Jacob Mittlayder. The American worked on the creation of optimal designs for growing strawberries. These products are distinguished from ordinary beds-boxes by their reduced width – only 45 cm. Any material can be used for making boards, but boards are most often used.
Fertile land and a layer of sawdust are used as filler. Mittlider led off a width of 0.9 m to the paths between the structures. To prevent weed growth in this zone, the grower spread agrofibre.
Unlike the American colleague, Igor Lyadov proposes to use not mineral supplements, but organic. He was the author of several recipes, which include such traditional fertilizers as bird droppings and manure, as well as herbs. A little different looks on the photo design beds. High beds Lyadov have a width of 0.6-1 m.
Between the constructions there remain passages with a width of 0.6-0.8 m. This zone can be covered with roofing felt, sand, tile or sawdust to make it easier to move along the plantations and not to think about weeds. The space of paths between the beds is often sown with lawn grass. But in this case it is necessary to periodically mow the vegetation so that the aisles look neat and do not go beyond their borders.
Note! Igor Lyadov strictly marked the placement of the beds. Landings should be located on the north side to the south. Only in this way the plants will be provided with the necessary level of illumination by the sun.
The technology provides for the construction of beds, the width of which is 180 cm, length – 3 m, height – 40 cm. However, the dimensional parameters of the structure can be changed taking into account the area of the summer cottage. At the first stage of construction, an optimal place is chosen to house a vegetable garden. It is better if the selected area will be illuminated during the day with the sun for at least 5 hours. Even a place unsuitable for growing crops, such as a wasteland, is suitable for this purpose.
For the construction of vertical structures, it is allowed to use unusual materials, for example, pallets, old furniture, empty stumps, etc. An unusual approach to the decor will allow creating an uneasy garden on the territory, and a beautiful decorative composition that best fits into the space of the summer cottage.