An indispensable attribute of two-storey cottages and country houses is the staircase. The structure of the staircase, in addition to the function of interconnecting different levels of the room, also carries a decorative purpose. The systems are made of different materials to match the overall style of the interior room. Many collect the stairs to the second floor in a private house with their own hands. The design scheme and exact drawings are often posted on the Internet – you can use them for self-installation of a good and safe ladder system.
Stairs to the second floor in a private house with their own hands. The design scheme. Types of stair systems
Having decided to equip the stairs to the second floor in a private house with your own hands, you need to be prepared for the fact that the installation of structures has its own nuances and requires certain skills. Materials for stairs can be wood, metal, concrete, stone, plexiglass, ceramics, as well as their combinations. According to the design, there are several types of ladder systems.
Marching staircase designs are the most common and familiar type of staircase design. On such stairs it is comfortable to climb and descend. Designed for spacious rooms, where there is no need to save space. They are divided into straight and turning, and can be located near the wall or just in the middle of the room.
It is worth noting that the flight of stairs to the second floor in a private house with their own hands (schemes of such structures are often found in the network) is much easier to mount than, for example, spiral types of structures. However, you will need to correctly calculate the number of steps, marches, the size of the stairs and the space it occupies.
If, when calculating, it turns out that the march cannot be limited to 10 steps, it is necessary to divide the ladder into two or more sections, which are interconnected by a landing. This design of the stairs is called swivel. Ladders can be swiveling 90 degrees (quarter-turn) and 180 degrees (half-turn). In order to save space, they are used in zabezhnye designs of stairs, the steps of which have a greater width from the outside edge than from the inside one.
Marching ladders are divided depending on the type of carrier element. If the steps are installed on the carrier beam with a comb (kosour) from above and when viewed from the ladder, the ends of the steps are seen from the side, this ladder is called the kosurnaya ladder. The use of such stairs in a particular interior clearly shows the photo. The staircase to the second floor with its own hands on the kosour should be of sufficient power.
Wooden stairs to the second floor, photo options. Ffrom the stairs in the interior of two-story houses. Security requirements and style decisions. Stairs to the attic.
The tive design of the stairs consists of two bearing beams, inside of which there are grooves for fixing the steps. If you look at the side of the stairs, then the steps are not visible: they are hidden behind the string.
Helpful advice! If your interior is dominated by the classics and the place for installing the stairs has no special restrictions, it is recommended to decorate the room with a solid and sturdy staircase with bowstrings.
The stairs on the kosoura are compact enough, their designs look light and elegant, they do not visually reduce the space of the room.
The ladder to the second floor in a private house with your own hands (schemes, photos are often put on the Internet) is quite possible to assemble and install, adhering to the recommendations and advice of professionals.
Spiral stairs are of interest in terms of design appeal. Such designs in various versions look spectacular and are able to decorate any interior. They can connect the levels of the room both inside the house and from the street. It all depends on the architectural features and personal preferences of the owners of cottages.
Numerous photos of the stairs to the second floor at the dachas confirm the advantages of spiral stairs in cramped conditions. The design of the spiral staircase can be easily inscribed on an area of 1.5 x 1.5 m. A significant disadvantage is that it is impossible to lift upstairs furniture and equipment along such a staircase, and it is possible to move along it only alternately.
Spiral staircases are most often made of wood, metal, or can be combined from these materials. Do-it-yourself installation of a spiral staircase (the drawings and calculations are quite complicated) requires precise measurements and consideration of all the design features of such a ladder system. You can find out how the wooden spiral staircase to the second floor is made by hand, on the relevant thematic sites, where all the necessary diagrams and calculations are presented.
Helpful advice! So that when moving along a spiral staircase you do not have to bend down, you should ensure the distance between the turns not less than two diameters of the ladder.
The model of the staircase at Boltsa involves placing it along the wall, since the steps are fixed on the wall with the help of special fixings (bolts). On the other hand, the steps are attached to the railing, which are the main supporting element of the structure. These stairs are visually light, although they are highly reliable. They are almost invisible and contribute to the preservation of sunlight.
Stylistically, the stairs on the boats look quite modern, but will be appropriate in any interior. The steps of the ladder do not creak, withstand heavy loads and are designed to move loads on them.
The staircase in the house, which includes the marching and screw elements in its design, is called a combination. Such an association can give the stairs unusual aesthetic and functional qualities. In the construction of combined ladders, you can combine straight and turning tracks, screw elements in different sequences, depending on the desired layout.
Materials for the combined systems are selected on the basis of personal preference and compatibility with the overall style. Kosoura can be steel, concrete or wooden, steps – metal, wooden, glass. Railings for stairs in a private house in the combined version can also be made of wood and metal. Sometimes the flight of stairs is covered with plasterboard.
Independent installation of the combined construction makes it possible to get an individual staircase that has no analogues. Of the limitations in the design of the combined system, there may be a lack of space, a complex layout and time-consuming installation. Not the last role is played by the cost component. So that later it did not appear that the installed staircase occupies the main part of the room, accurate measurements and calculations are necessary. You can create a model of a staircase in 3D-format, which will visually present the structure in the conditions of your room.
For self-manufacturing and installation of the staircase we choose the type of staircase. Elements of products are easy to manufacture and their installation is relatively easy.
For the manufacture of stairs to the second floor will need:
- timber thickness not less than 40 mm for the manufacture of steps;
- board 40 mm wide;
- beam 30-40 mm for the horizontal surface of the step (tread);
- 30 mm beam for risers;
- bar for kosour 50×250 mm;
- screws for fastening elements;
- handrails, balusters, railings.
In the respective stores you can buy railings and balusters for stairs to the second floor in a private house. Prices for them are quite acceptable: the purchase of these items will provide an opportunity to gain time and purchase good-quality products. After all, the appearance of the stairs depends on the elegance of these elements.
Let’s try to figure out how the stairs to the second floor are made in the form of a marching wooden structure on the kosour.
To calculate the number of steps, the height of the ladder structure is divided by the selected step height, rounded to a larger value. The length of the base is calculated by multiplying the number of steps by their specified width.
The span length is determined by the formula:
c? = a? + b?, Where
c is the length of the span;
and – the height of the stairs;
in – the distance on the floor from the beginning of the stairs to its end.
Helpful advice! If it is difficult for you to determine the length of the flight of a staircase mathematically, you can make a schematic drawing with respect to scale and determine by measuring the length of the span and the resulting angle of inclination of the staircase.
For the manufacture of kosour will need high quality dried board. Suitable breeds such as beech, pine or oak. First, according to the calculations make the layout of an element of cardboard or plywood. On the top and bottom of the kosoure arrange grooves for attaching it to the support bars. After that, the workpiece is polished.
Finished kosouri attached at the bottom and top to the support bar. Control of correct installation is determined by the construction level.
For the steps used board 40 mm thick. The width of the steps corresponds to the selected width of the stairs, taking into account the railing. As a rule, the width of the steps varies from 0.7 to 1.2 m. For the risers, a board is used with a thickness of 30 mm, a width equal to the height of the step, and a length equal to the selected width of the stairs.
The method of mounting steps is as follows: first the risers are fastened, and then the steps. So that, when moving up the stairs, there is no characteristic creaking, all gaps and connecting lines are filled with glue for joinery.
Balusters mounted with one piece at each step. In this case, the first and last balusters will be supporting, between them are decorative. Fastening occurs through the same screws, fasteners are masked with caps. The railing is attached to the balusters from the bottom. When the construction is ready, it is carefully polished and coated with varnish or paint in several stages. Each layer is allowed to dry well.
For example, you can see photos of the stairs in the country on the second floor with their own hands.
Establishing independently a ladder in the house, it is necessary to develop a clear outline of the planned construction and take into account all the useful recommendations. Ladder systems can be of various designs: spiral, mid-flight or complex combined configuration. Nontrivial forms of handrails and balusters, decoration of the steps, made of different modern materials – all these elements will create a unique design that will become a real masterpiece in the interior of your home.