Protect from rain and sun, protect the car from sudden hail, and the pool from crumbling foliage will help sheds in the courtyard of a private house: photos of the original lightweight structures convince that sheds can be not only functional, but also have a very attractive appearance. This is achieved through the use of modern high-quality material in their construction. Each owner of their own cottage or country cottage seeks as comfortable as possible to arrange the local area. And one of the main attributes in this arrangement is the canopy. Such a structure will allow you to do the planned work in the yard, regardless of the whims of nature.
Types of canopy designs
Canopies, in the language of construction, are small architectural forms. They are a lightweight construction that plays the role of protection against precipitation and complements the overall architectural ensemble of the existing buildings. Before you decide to equip your house territory with a canopy, you should familiarize yourself with the existing basic forms of these structures:
- lean-to flat construction – the most common canopy of a simple form in the form of a roof, sloping in one direction. When constructing such an overhang, it is necessary to take into account the thickness of the snow cover prevailing in the region and to provide for a slope of the cover to ensure its descent. These canopies can be attached to the house, garage, workshop or installed separately;
- gable flat canopy – a familiar design with a gable roof. Just settling in, with proper assembly is a fairly durable structure;
- arched canopy – original design with a semicircular roof. Their device uses a coating with increased flexibility. Perfectly protects from precipitation and sun, the shape of the roof contributes to the rapid descent of snow, and the translucency of polycarbonate does not deprive the space under a canopy of light. Can be arranged in the form of a visor over the porch or separately – to protect the parking space;
- A hip canopy is a more complex structure with a multi-slope roof in the form of several triangular planes connected in a ridge knot. Depending on the angle of inclination of the roof elements, the structures can be given various forms: cones, domes, pyramids, etc. Elegant designs of unusual forms, as a rule, replace arbors in the garden, protect recreation areas or pools.
Thanks to the use of modern plastic polycarbonate for covering canopies, it became possible to build a structure of any shape: concave, arched elongated, domed elongated, multi-level, etc. Photos of sheds in the courtyard of a private house illustrate non-trivial forms and harmoniously fitting them into the surrounding landscape.
The canopies in the courtyard of a private house (this is confirmed by the photos) have a simple structure consisting of supports, frame and roofing. For supports usually use wooden logs or timber, steel pipes with a round, square and rectangular cross-section, columns of brick.
The frame is also made of wood and metal profiles. It is much easier to make a canopy of wood, taking into account the flexibility of processing this material, but this design will not differ in durability. While setting up your site with a canopy, stick to the same style with other buildings. If in the design of the plot adjacent to the house there are forged objects (fencing, gates), you can support the composition by including forging elements in the canopy frame.
The shape of the frame determines the structure of the roof and is used to secure the roof material. To cover canopies traditionally use the material from which the roof of the main house is arranged. However, this rule does not require mandatory execution. Polycarbonate sheets, which have the ability to transmit light well and high durability, have acquired great popularity as a roof covering for roofs. The metal tile, a professional flooring, a copper roof, slate, plastic, soft types of a roof will be suitable for a canopy.
The use of canopies in the courtyard of the house can be very diverse, for example: a canopy over the porch, a carport for a car, a pool or a pond, a children’s play area, a summer shower complex, a recreation area, a patio, etc. Many protect the canopy with a canopy completely and using the bright colors of transparent polycarbonate. Photos of sheds for summer houses demonstrate the functionality of such structures for arranging summer canteens and small recreation areas.
Thanks to its simple construction, light awnings can be installed in one or two days off. You can purchase ready-made structural elements, which should simply be assembled according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Sheds are a construction that does not obstruct the yard space at all, but at the same time they are extremely functional.
The canopies made of a profile pipe give strength, reliability and durability to the structure. Choosing the shape of the future canopy, it should be remembered: the more intricate the design will be, the more attention will need to be taken to the development of a canopy drawing from a profile pipe. For self-built canopy suitable design with a lean-to roof, which can be built as attached to the house, and in a separate place. More complex is the arched design, but such a canopy looks more modern and more attractive.
Helpful advice! If the canopy is planned as a stand-alone structure, it is necessary to ensure in advance that the engineering communications do not pass at this place. There is a risk of damage during excavation work.
The canopy frame is made of pipes with different cross-section, interconnected by mounting bolts or welding. For support columns suitable profiled pipe 60×60 mm. The cross section of the profile pipe is selected on the basis of the dimensions of the structure itself.
The height of the racks is determined individually depending on the purpose of the shed: whether the structure will protect the car, small benches or the whole yard. When preparing racks, the length of their penetration into the ground is taken into account, as a rule, it is 50-60 cm. If the support is mounted to an existing base, a square plate of metal with a side of 25-30 cm is welded to its bottom edge, in which four holes are made to connect with the base.
Strengthen the design of the canopy of the profile pipe with arches. They are made of pipes with a smaller cross section. The distance between the arches is determined based on the applied roofing and the length of the canopy: the thickness of the roof requires to reduce the gap between the arches.
To give the structure additional stiffness, perpendicular to the arches are attached trusses made of shaped tubes. Their section is selected based on the length of the product. For a small canopy up to 4 m long, a 25×25 mm pipe is used. For structures longer than 4 m, the truss must be made of a profile with a section of 40×25 mm. Fix the farm with bolted connections.