The external or internal staircase, as well as the porch of the house, are subjected to constant mechanical stress, temperature changes, and the influence of weather conditions. This adversely affects the condition of the cladding material. Clinker tiles for stairs is the most suitable product that can withstand all of the above effects and last for many years. The article will look at the types, features, characteristics of clinker tiles, as well as tips on laying and cost of material.
Characteristics of a brick tile for steps on the street
Today, the most popular finishing materials that can be used for cladding the walls of a building, stairs, steps, platforms are considered to be granite and clinker tiles. However, the latter option is much cheaper, more simple to install, and has a number of indisputable advantages, not inferior to natural material.
For the manufacture of clinker tiles used environmentally friendly materials, the main of which is considered to be refractory clay. Silicate materials, loamy nodules, feldspars are used as additional additives.
The special manufacturing technology of the cladding material, namely, a single firing in furnaces at temperatures above 1300? C, allows you to get a product with high performance and technical characteristics, which is ideal for finishing steps.
The brick facing tile is made in two ways:
- extruded method involves pressing the material, firing in furnaces at high temperature and drying the product;
- the method of dry pressing eliminates the stage of drying the product.
According to the first method of manufacture, the product is obtained resistant to mechanical stress and aggressive environment. This tile is designed for sidewalks, street platforms, stairs and walkways on the street.
The material made by the second method will have a low thermal conductivity. Such clinker tiles are suitable for cladding the facade of a building, as the abrasion resistance and mechanical stress on the walls are not as important as for the porch and stairs flooring.
The brick tile possesses characteristic features that puts this product on the first place in a rating of materials for street facing.
The main feature of a brick tile for steps on the street is the increased resistance to temperature differences. This is especially important at the time of the zero mark, when the liquid begins to move from one state of aggregation to another. The material is able to withstand about 300 such cycles without loss of strength. This is important for stairs. Here, the joints between the steps and the sub-steps are subject to heavy load, and the slightest detachment can lead to the destruction of the whole structure.
Due to the extrusion method of clinker tile production, it has a low water absorption rate. Its structure has capillary channels through which excess moisture is drained. Therefore, on the surface of the cladding eliminated the occurrence of mechanical damage.
Outdoor floor cladding material must have high durability. Since the clinker tile for the steps has IV and V class of abrasion, this guarantees a long service life of the product. The material having the highest wear resistance is produced by German manufacturers.
The strongest coating is made by Stroeher. Such a tile can be scratched with effort, but not a single trace will remain on it. Spanish clinker on this indicator is inferior to its German counterpart, but its price is much lower. Polish companies very often give out ordinary ceramic tiles disguised as clinker. And the clinker steps of Russian production combine the high quality of the material and the relatively low cost of production.
Clinker tiles for the porch should have anti-slip properties to avoid injury. All ceramic products according to European standard DIN 51130 are divided into five classes:
- R9 clinker is used for laying massive wide ladders that have several tiers;
- the brick tile of R10 is used for the room of public value where it is possible to execute not only facing of a ladder, but also all its elements;
- R11 tile is used for finishing stairs in art studios, creative workshops, laboratories, factories;
- R12 has a clinker tile for a porch outside. Due to high wear resistance, strength and frost resistance, the material can be used for finishing freezers, cleaning systems, fire stations.
An important indicator for ceramic products that are used for flooring is the material’s resistance to bending loads. The strength value of ceramic tiles is 20 MPa. Since the main load during the operation of the ladder falls on the edge of the stage, it is difficult to overestimate the strength properties of clinker.
Due to the structural surface of the clinker, better adhesion of the base to the glue is provided, which affects the durability of the structure.
The clinker tile for the street can be technical, waterproof and facing. The first option is used mainly for pavement paths, platforms in front of the building, in rooms with high traffic of people, for example, underground passages, stations.
Waterproof cladding products are used in swimming pools, saunas, baths, showers and other rooms with high humidity. The facing option is applied to exterior finish of a facade of the building, internal and external ladders.
Well-known manufacturers of clinker for stairs produce material of various formats:
- clinker steps with notch;
- ordinary steps;
- plates with a Florentine profile;
- corner clinker steps;
- corner plinth;
- right and left baseboards;
- ordinary plinth;
- angle under the step;
- profiled steps with angle;
- balcony coverings.
All products are made in various tonal and geometrical variations, which allows revealing even structurally complex stairs. The specific color of the floor tile is obtained as a result of the effect of high temperature on the natural clay compounds, such as iron, magnesium, silicon, which, changing to other forms, color the product. Therefore, due to the different content of natural materials in the raw materials, the output tile has a wide range of colors.
It is possible to buy a brick tile for steps from 150 rub. per piece The price of the product depends on its thickness, variety, design and manufacturer. The simplest tile will cost 30- 60 rubles. per piece More advanced models will cost 80-100 rubles. per piece
Angular modifications of tiles for street steps, the price of which is 300 rubles, are very popular. per piece The average cost of the clinker steps is 450-800 rubles. per piece
The price of clinker tiles for the steps of an ordinary performance is 1500-2000 rubles. for 1 square. m. While the Florentine profile will cost 3250-5600 rubles. for 1 square. m
The most popular facing materials are produced by the German company Stroeher. These are massive, monolithic, frost-resistant steps that will be the highlight of any interior. It is possible to buy steps from clinker of the German brand from 1333 rub. per piece
The Russian company “Ecoclinker” produces a floor covering that is manufactured using the extrusion method, which allows you to create products with high compressive and flexural strength, resistant to temperature drops and having an aesthetically attractive appearance. The minimum price of a brick tile for steps of the Russian production makes 175 rub. a piece.
Spanish manufacturer Exagres manufactures products at a more affordable price, which is 1300 rubles. for the quarter. m., however, not the worst quality. The Polish company Paradyz offers a wide variety of shades and colors of paving clinker tiles, which has high technical and operational characteristics, capable of withstanding significant loads without loss of structural strength and original appearance of the product. The cost of the tiles starts from 1100 rubles. for the quarter. The average price of paving clinker tiles of Russian production is 1300-1400 rubles. for the quarter. m
The adhesive composition Eunis 2000 has a wide scope of application. Does it withstand temperature fluctuations from -50? up to 50? With about 30-40 cycles. 10 minutes after application, it completely hardens.
The steps made of clinker tiles not only protect the porch or the stairs from destruction, but also create a monumental and elegant look of the whole structure. Despite the fact that this facing material is expensive, it has high technical and operational characteristics and can serve for many years without losing its original appearance.